Tuesday, 24 July 2012 - 20:00
The Libor Debacle
Libor stands for London Interbank Offered Rate. This rate is determined daily at 11:00am by Thomson Reuters on behalf of the British Bankers Association by a process of polling leading UK banks and inquiring at what rate that bank could borrow funds from other banks in reasonable market sizes. From the range of rates received the top quarter highest and lowest are thrown out and the remaining rates averaged and fixed daily. The rates for various maturities are published ranging from 1 day to 12 months.
Libor is then used widely as the base reference for many types of derivatives (i.e. agreements between two or more parties referenced back to some underlying prices), such as interest rate swaps, various commercial agreements such as floating rate loans to simple mortgages. It is estimated that the Libor rate is the benchmark reference rate to at least $350 trillion in derivatives and other financial produces (a number as high as $800 trillion was quoted by the Economist) – giving a reflection of just how important this rate is to the global world of finance.
Despite the fact that the rates are collected daily by a polling process and there is a strong argument that these should be based on rates that are actually being paid by one bank to another, the reality is that especially during the global financial crisis the interbank market, where banks lend to one another, was not operating as it should, i.e. banks were not typically lending to one another but preferring to overnight deposits back with central banks. So in times of financial stress even actual numbers can be highly distorted.
It has recently been revealed that since the 2008 financial crisis and possibly before then, regulators have been both aware and in some cases concerned about the actual rate being set and the mechanisms of the Libor process. In June Barclays was fined $456millon by various regulators, including the FSA and the United States Department of Justice after admitting to inaccurately submitting Libor rates from 2005 to 2009.
The chart below from The Economist reflects actual rates submitted by Barclays and JP Morgan relative to the actual fixed Libor over the 2008 period. It gives a reflection of how far these two deviated from the other submitters.
Time magazine cover in July reads, “Barclays is just the beginning. Why London breeds financial scandals –and why this one could be the biggest yet.”
Locally the interbank rate quoted is the Jibar (Johannesburg Interbank Agreed Rate). This rate is quoted as a one, three, six, and twelve month interest rate and like Libor is the basis for various contracts. While the government via the Reserve bank Monetary Policy fixes the repo rate, Jibar is in essence an approximation of what the banks believe the repo should be, but is based on the average interest rate at which banks borrow and lend. Over time the repo rate and 3 month Jibar will move in sync. Where Jibar and Libor differ is that Jibar is based on actual agreed rates, whereas Libor is a submitted (but not verified) rate
Now various global non Libor submitting banks and other large institutions are considering litigation, should they be in a position to prove losses. Ultimately there is an undermining of confidence in the global banking and financial system, which has over the last few years suffered from a rather tarnished reputation.
Ian de Lange
021 914 4966
Tue, 24 Jul 2012
Shareholders are advised that Exxaro will release its reviewed financial results for the six-month period ended 30 June 2012 on 1 August 2012. It is expected that the mineral sands business. . .
Unitholders are advised that the requisite majority of unitholders approved all of the special and ordinary resolutions tabled at the annual general meeting of OCPF held on 23 July 2012.. . .
Anglo has agreed to acquire a 58.9% interest in the RevuboF metallurgical coal project in Mozambique ("the RevuboF project") from the Talbot Estate for a total cash consideration of AUD540 million. . .
A final ordinary dividend of 10cps has been declared.
Management remain optimistic on the growth prospects of the group through continued diversification into new product development and ventures, with a focus on. . .
Net sales revenue 19,410 24,805 (22). Gross profit on
metal sales. . .
Gross income from operations and investments for the interim period more than doubled to R72.4 million (2011: R32.7 million), while net income for the period attributable to equity shareholders soared to. . .
World Markets (Spot Prices)
|JSE Top 40||17:00||29868.00||186.00||0.63%|
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|Yen / Dollar||19:59||78.1800||-0.1490||-0.19%|
|Euro / Dollar||19:55||0.8292||0.0041||0.50%|
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|Pound / Dollar||19:55||0.6450||0.0002||0.03%|
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The JSE Today
* Includes all listed instruments on the JSE
|Index Name||RP||Move||% Move|
|Financial & Ind. 30||37,034.00||202.00||0.55%|
|Oil & Gas ||25,729.00||-29.00||-0.12%|
|Oil & Gas Producers ||13,834.00||-15.00||-0.11%|
|Basic Materials ||25,290.00||199.00||0.80%|
|Forestry & Paper ||13,726.00||-36.00||-0.26%|
|Industrial Metals ||28,700.00||-325.00||-1.12%|
|General Industrials ||93.00||.00||-0.59%|
|Consumer Goods ||34,087.00||173.00||0.51%|
|Automobiles & Parts ||5,932.00||2.00||0.04%|
|Health Care ||46,120.00||126.00||0.27%|
|Index Name||RP||Move||% Move|
|Food Producers ||62,903.00||-208.00||-0.33%|
|Personal Goods ||451.00||5.00||1.31%|
|Consumer Services ||70,230.00||367.00||0.53%|
|General Retailers ||59,866.00||-86.00||-0.14%|
|Travel & Leisure ||3,952.00||-57.00||-1.44%|
|Support Services ||2,289.00||.00||0.01%|
|Non-life Insurance ||41,448.00||-619.00||-1.47%|
|Life Insurance ||20,690.00||-130.00||-0.63%|
|General Financial ||2,431.00||18.00||0.78%|
|SHARIAH TOP40 ||2,900.00||27||0.95%|
|FTSE/JSE SHARIAH ALL||3,033.00||25||0.85%|
|FTSE JSE Fledgling ||5,428.00||-11||-0.22%|
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|SA LISTED PROPERTY ||478.00||-0.36%|
|CAPPED PROPERTY ||380.00||-0.34%|
|FTSE/JSE RAFI 40||6,947.00||35||0.52%|
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|JSE TABACO ||5,572.00||44||0.81%|
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Latest Consensus Changes**
|MST||MUSTEK LIMITED||BUY||19 Jul|
|IPL||IMPERIAL HOLDINGS LTD||HOLD||19 Jul|
|RLO||REUNERT LIMITED||SELL||19 Jul|
|ALT||ALLIED TECHNOLOGIES LIMIT...||HOLD||19 Jul|
|BIL||BHP BILLITON PLC||BUY||19 Jul||
|Expected||Company Name||Fin. Date|
|25 Jul 2012||AECI||June 2012 (Interim)|
|25 Jul 2012||AECI 5.5%P||June 2012 (Interim)|
|25 Jul 2012||BATS||June 2012 (Interim)|
|26 Jul 2012||CAPSHOP||June 2012 (Interim)|
|27 Jul 2012||ABSA||June 2012 (Interim)|
|SYNERGY B||12-07-19||12-08-02||12-08-13||R 0.1953||
|IFC||IFCA Technologies Ltd.||24/07/2012||Confirmed|
|MDC||Mediclinic International Ltd.||26/07/2012||Confirmed|
|WLN||PBT Group Ltd.||27/07/2012||Confirmed|
|CKS||Crookes Brothers Ltd.||27/07/2012||Confirmed||
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