Q and A Document
Kibo Energy PLC (Incorporated in Ireland)
(Registration Number: 451931)
(External registration number: 2011/007371/10)
Share code on the JSE Limited: KBO
Share code on the AIM: KIBO I
(“Kibo” or “the Company”)
Dated: 13 September 2019
Kibo Energy PLC (‘Kibo’ or the ‘Company’)
Kibo Energy PLC, the multi-asset, Africa focused, energy company, is pleased to release this Q&A to
publicly answer questions the Company has received from shareholders over recent months.
Can you provide an overview of your strategy?
Over the past three years, Kibo has worked hard to successfully develop a sustainable and diversified
energy project pipeline that ensures ultimate shareholder returns both in the short, and long term. These
developments are guided by a dynamic strategy that ensures not only precision in the execution of the
Company’s objectives, but also the flexibility to allow controlled tactical change to anticipate and adapt
to a fluid external environment. Kibo’s strategy is focused primarily on the advancement of certain
well-developed assets to early production as a high priority, followed by longer-term development
assets. Fossil fuel reliant energy assets will be enhanced with clean burning coal technology and the
integration of renewable resources where feasible, with the intention to migrate all existing and new
assets to more sustainable energy sources in the medium to long term. (note 1)
Additionally, Kibo benefits from its robust and experienced international blue-chip partnership network
across its project portfolio, which includes: SEPCO-III (China), General Electric (USA), STEAG
(Germany), Minxcon Consulting (South Africa), ABSA Group Limited, Hogan Lovells International
LLP and ESS Inc.
Benga Power Plant Project (‘BPPP’), Mozambique
Can you provide more tangible information on progress being made at the project?
The BPPP is an exciting and fast-moving project. Most recently, and in a very short span of time after
the completion of a Base Case Definitive Feasibility Study (“DFS”) and Independent Financial Model
(“FM”), the Company has signed a non-binding Power Purchase Term Sheet and a non-binding Coal
Supply Term Sheet with Vale Mozambique S.A.. For further information please refer to the
announcement dated 5 September 2019. Kibo expects the BPPP to have a combination of private and
institutional off-takers, which should bolster its stability and ultimate feasibility as a producing entity.
The project continues to be supported by the Mozambican authorities, most notably, the national utility,
EDM. This was demonstrated most recently during a technical meeting where the Definitive Feasibility
Study (“DFS”) report was discussed.
Can you give an update on the DFS?
As reported recently, the base case DFS was completed, together with an associated FM, within budget
and ahead of schedule, providing confirmation of the technical and financial feasibility of the project.
The DFS is currently being reviewed by Kibo and key stakeholders, including Vale and EDM. In
addition, the integration of the clean-burning coal fired power station with renewable energy and storage
is being studied for inclusion in the DFS. The Environmental and Social Impact Study (“EIS”) remains
in process in parallel, bearing in mind that it will always follow the DFS work as it requires the latter
as technical inputs. An updated and optimised DFS will be published once the reviews and rework
process referred to above is completed.
Mbeya Coal to Power Project (‘MCPP’), Tanzania
Can you provide a brief overview of the MCPP?
The MCPP, as widely announced, is fully developed to the level of being construction ready subject to
funding. The project initially progressed as far as was commercially possible at the time, with the
successful submission of a Special Mining Licence Application in 2016/7 and a signed MoU with
TANESCO during 2018. The recent setbacks in Tanzania, driven by unexpected policy changes by the
Government of Tanzania (“GoT”) temporarily impacted negatively on the Company’s ability to
progress the project in the desired manner, and could not have been foreseen or expected by Kibo.
Against the backdrop of these events, the Company’s strategy to expand and diversify to mitigate the
risk of a single country portfolio proved particularly prescient. It allowed Kibo to redirect resources to
continue building value and developing the other projects in its portfolio whilst considering alternative
options for the MCPP such as power export to neighbouring countries. As noted in the announcement
dated 15 August 2019, Kibo has now been granted seven Mining Rights for the MCPP.
What is the current situation at the MCPP?
Kibo was recently granted seven Mining Rights for the MCPP, which indicate the GoT’s acceptance of
the project. Additionally, TANESCO has acknowledged Kibo’s stated intention to enter the MCPP in
the power export market against the Tanzania Power System Master Plan (2016 Update) which makes
provision for approximately 880 MW of installed power for export for the period 2020 – 2040. In this
regard, TANESCO has advised the Company that it is currently implementing interconnectors through
Zambia, Tanzania and Kenya enabling power trade within the Eastern African Power Pool and Southern
African Power Pool member countries. For further information please refer to the announcements dated
29 April 2019 and 15 August 2019.
Can you give an indication as to when we may receive further information on key aspects such as
PPAs with off takers?
Kibo is actively working on multiple offtake options and will inform the market of material
developments in due course, however these are incomplete negotiations and the associated commercial
sensitivities and the prejudice it could cause the company by effectively conducting these commercial
negotiations in public inhibit news flow at this time. The Company has, however, stated at several
occasions in recent time that it is looking at finalising more than one PPA by the end of 2019.
Is the SEPCOIII payment due on financial close of the MCPP still in play if the project continues
with the private off takers for export?
Yes, the SEPOCOIII payment is still due on financial close of the MCPP.
Mabesekwa Coal Independent Power Project (‘MCIPP’), Botswana
This seems to have taken a back seat - is background work continuing or are you waiting for the
mining licence approval before focusing more resources into this project?
The MCIPP, although enjoying equal status to the other projects in the pipeline, is not as far advanced
and requires more technical work to reach the same development level as the MCPP. Whilst work is
still continuing, the project development process was slowed down somewhat at the outset, due to
necessary compliance and statutory arrangements, such as the transfer of the PL, EIA and other
certifications to Kibo Energy Botswana Ltd, the SPV created for the project. A major milestone and
trigger event for further advanced development work is the award of the Mining Licence for the coal
mine; this remains pending but is nearing conclusion as the Company has been informed that approval
and award may be expected in the near term.
MAST Energy Developments Limited (‘MED’), UK
In addition to Bordersley, can you explain the other various sites under review and when
shareholders can expect further updates on these?
MED continues to focus on the development of its pipeline of peaking power sites with a shift in focus
from 33 kVA sites to 11 kVA sites (kVA = kilovolt- ampere). This is expected to provide superior
returns in the medium and long term with concomitant lower costs.
MED has earlier this year secured, at no cost, the exclusive right to acquire five peaking power sites
totalling 25.85 MW from a prospective developer ("Counterparty"), subject to completion of due
diligence to MED/Kibo's satisfaction and subsequent agreement of detailed commercial terms and
conditions, including the acquisition price and transaction structure. The sites range in scale from c.2.5
MW to c.7.5 MW and are all 11 kVA. The successful acquisition of Bordersley constituted one of the
In addition to the current sites under exclusivity, MED has negotiated exclusivity at no cost for an
additional site of 7 MW.
MED/Kibo is in the process of finalising the due diligence and proposed commercial terms for the
acquisition of the current sites under exclusivity and will update the market in this regard in due course.
What is MED’s strategy and when does it anticipate hitting its target of building a 300 MW
portfolio of projects?
MED’s strategy is for the construction and operation of 300 MW Reserve Power Plant Generation
(Peaking Power Generation Plant or “PPGP”) and ancillary equipment in order to generate electricity
that can be fed into the UK National Grid at specific times when quick start generating capacity is
needed, typically two-minute response time. Reserve Power (“RP”) Plants are small, flexible power
plants that can produce electricity immediately when there is a shortage in supply. In addition to the
above, the ability to be nimble increases the flexibility of multiple revenue streams from best of class
short, medium- and long-term trading strategies.
The immediate focus is to roll out the first tranche of sites c. 150 MW, with the Bordersley site
scheduled to be the first site in production at the of end of Q1 2020. The longer-term focus will be to
roll out a further 150 MW to reach the declared intention of commercially operating sites of varying
capacity totalling 300 MW.
How are the sites funded and can you provide any other financial information?
Each site is to be vested in a site specific SPV (such as is the case with Bordersley) responsible for
obtaining finance at SPV level. There are a number of debt funders that typically provide debt ranging
from 50-70 % of funding requirements over various terms. Re-financing options are usually available
after 2-3 years of commercial operation. MED/Kibo has close working relationships with the respective
With specific reference to Bordersley, robust financial analysis of Bordersley supporting the acquisition
has been concluded by MED with inputs from a wide array of market participants. MED intends to
source external financing to fund the development of Bordersley, and in furtherance of that objective,
negotiations are ongoing between MED and several parties for various forms of mezzanine debt, equity,
equity linked instruments and convertible notes.
The estimated capital expenditure ("CapEx") for the project is £3.6m. MED has received an indicative
term sheet for debt financing of 65% of the CapEx amount. Kibo anticipates being able to update
shareholders on key operational and financial particulars of the project as the debt and route to market
PPA contracts advance and the due diligence results are refined.
At this stage it is not anticipated that Kibo will be required to fund MED's development capital
requirement for Bordersley or any subsequent sites.
How much emphasis are you putting on the partnership with ESS and where do you envisage the
Kibo maintains an active review of the latest research and emerging technologies to bolster its delivery
strategy. In this regard, the Company is following developments of clean burning coal technology as
well as renewable energy, as it maintains the view that a best–of–breed integration of the two concepts
is the most optimal approach to utility scale generation of energy, especially on the African Continent.
In this regard and as a case in point, utility-scale renewable designs should also include energy
sustainable storage capacity that provides downtime power and increases grid reliability and resilience.
With rapid wind and solar energy storage requirement growth of up to 46% year-on-year, electric
utilities need alternatives to lithium-ion batteries that are clean, resilient and have long operating
lifetimes. The ESS iron flow battery technology offers more than double the operating lifetime and
cycle capacity of lithium-ion battery storage systems, with a non-flammable chemistry and minimal
maintenance requirements. This technology (already fully developed and in production. (note 2)) will
help utilities defer major capital expenditures on distribution equipment by storing energy during times
of lower demand or excess supply and releasing energy when demand peaks. These innovative energy
storage systems can enhance the availability of fossil fuel generation plants, shifting to a more
sustainable model over time. (note 3)
The Kibo - ESS relationship (see RNS announcement dated 24 June, 2019) emanates from the
Company’s research reviews referred to above, with ESS being the single developer that complies with
all or most of the requirements of the Kibo strategic development model. The main aim of the
Collaboration Agreement with ESS is to ensure that Kibo and ESS can add a long-term “Renewable
Generation Plus Energy Storage” component to selected Kibo utility scale conventional power project
or develop future standalone “Renewable Generation Plus Energy Storage” solutions where required.
Kibo therefore places heavy emphasis on its relationship with ESS, as with its other development
partners, to ensure delivering on long-term renewable energy solutions into its existing coal power
projects as a critical component of its strategy aimed at providing sustainable energy solutions that are
environmentally and economically feasible.
What is ESS’s relationship with Power Africa?
Whilst Kibo cannot and will never communicate on behalf of another company, Kibo was informed by
ESS of a public announcement by ESS relating to its relationship, paraphrased below:
“..... ESS announced on May 20, 2019 that it has joined Power Africa, a U.S. Government-led
partnership coordinated by the U.S. Agency for International Development (USAID), as a private
sector partner. As the program’s first flow battery partner, ESS Inc. has committed to deploying
its long-duration energy storage solutions for microgrid and utility-scale projects throughout the
“(Power Africa works with African governments to coordinate the efforts of 12 U.S. government
agencies, 18 bilateral and multilateral partners, and nearly 150 private companies to remove
barriers that impede energy development in sub-Saharan Africa. Power Africa is working to add
more than 30,000 MW of cleaner, more efficient electricity generation capacity and 60 million new
home and business connections, and considerable progress has already been made toward this
goal. As of May 2019, Power Africa has completed 121 transactions totalling over 10,000 MW.”
Should shareholders be concerned over short term cash flow issues with the progress needed on
multiple projects and the inability to raise funds through equity placings at the current share
Kibo has the ability to deliver on its operational and compliance objectives within or under its approved
budgets at the required quality and standard of work and is confident that it will continue to do this. The
significant progress that has been announced over the recent months across its portfolio is testimony to
That being the case, Kibo obviously still requires a decided level of cash availability to sustainably and
consistently deliver on all its objectives in its journey towards production. Understanding current
market realities and external factors, Kibo’s financial management system, which includes rigorous and
regular review and adjustment processes, allows for operating under extreme conditions. In this regard,
Kibo has put in place non-market funding instruments and agreements which allows it to access
alternative sources of funding in addition to raising funds via equity placings.
The March 2019 extension to the Forward Payment Facility originally agreed with Sanderson Capital
Partners in December 2016 has provided further cash resources in order to ensure operational activities
are continued as planned without interruption. As noted in the announcement dated 17 April 2019, the
recent engagement letter signed with Wimmer Financial LLP also provides the basis for project
financing of the Company’s African energy projects which, if successful, should also benefit cash-flow
The directors are also following an active approach to continuously reduce administrative costs in order
to alleviate the pressure on cash flow and are continuously considering and implementing various
austerity measures as and when required.
One of the key funding elements of any junior public company is the ability to issue new shares to raise
The Company's ordinary shares have been trading on AIM over the past 6 months at prices ranging
between GBP 1.8p and 0.76p, with the price at close of trading on 29 August 2019 being GBP 0.8p per
share, which is below the nominal value of approximately GBP 1p at current exchange rates.
Under Irish company law, the Company cannot issue new ordinary shares at an issue price below the
nominal value, and this together with the exchange rate fluctuations between the British Pound and
South African Rand (as the currencies in which trades are denominated on AIM and AltX on the one
hand, and the Euro as the currency in which the nominal value is set on the other), has made it effectively
impossible for the Company to raise working capital by means of issues of ordinary shares in the EU,
where the vast majority of its shareholders are resident and where the largest volume of market trades
in its securities take place.
Consequently, the Board is proposing to reduce the nominal value of the ordinary shares in issue from
€0.015 to €0.001 whilst retaining the same number of shares, thus having no direct impact on the trading
price of the Company's New Ordinary Shares (see RNS dated 2 September 2019). The Board considers
the capital re-organisation to be in the best interest of the Company and its shareholders, as it will allow
the Company, if appropriate, to raise money in the future by the issue of New Ordinary Shares, and
therefore facilitate the continued progress of its portfolio power generation and mining projects in Sub-
Saharan Africa and the UK.
It is important to note that the foregoing does not constitute a consolidation or change in the number of
shares in issue currently in any way.
Why hasn’t the share price performed?
The directors believe that the Company is undervalued and that its potential has not been reflected in
its current share price. Difficult market conditions have not helped the share price, prompting investors
to implement risk-averse strategies. Despite this, Kibo has built an enviable and very strategic portfolio
of major development projects that offer great potential. Given their vast scale, the development of
these projects could never offer a quick route to profits but rather a longer-term path to significant value
add; the Company has never suggested otherwise. To this end, and to its credit, the Company has built
a solid platform of key partners to advance its projects in the most efficient and timely way and has
maintained active dialogue with the market to ensure shareholders are updated as often as is possible.
3.Paraphrased from: “Helping Utilities Reap the Rewards of Renewable Energy “, available at:
For further information please visit www.kibo.energy or contact:
Louis Coetzee email@example.com Kibo Energy PLC
Chief Executive Officer
Andreas Lianos +27 (0) 83 4408365 River Group
Corporate and Designated Adviser on JSE
Jason Robertson +44 (0) 20 7374 2212 First Equity Ltd
Andrew Thomson +61 8 9480 2500 RFC Ambrian Limited
NOMAD on AIM
Isabel de Salis/Beth Melluish +44 (0)20 7236 1177 St Brides Partners Ltd
Investor & Media Relations Adviser
Kibo Energy PLC is a multi-asset, Africa focused, energy company positioned to address the acute
power deficit, which is one of the primary impediments to economic development in Sub-Saharan
Africa. To this end, it is the Company’s objective to become a leading independent power producer in
Kibo is simultaneously developing three similar coal-fuelled power projects: the Mbeya Coal to Power
Project (‘MCPP’) in Tanzania; the Mabesekwa Coal Independent Power Project (‘MCIPP’) in Botswana;
and the Benga Independent Power Project (‘BIPP’) in Mozambique. By developing these projects in
parallel, the Company intends to leverage considerable economies of scale and timing in respect of
strategic partnerships, procurement, equipment, human capital, execution capability / capacity and
Additionally, the Company has a 60% interest in MAST Energy Developments Limited (‘MED’), a
private UK registered company targeting the development and operation of flexible power plants to
service the Reserve Power generation market.
13 September 2019
Corporate and Designated Adviser
Date: 13/09/2019 08:00:00
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