To view the PDF file, sign up for a MySharenet subscription.

SEPHAKU HOLDINGS LIMITED - Provisional Financial Results for the year ended 31 March 2019

Release Date: 26/06/2019 07:05
Code(s): SEP     PDF:  
 
Wrap Text
Provisional Financial Results for the year ended 31 March 2019

SEPHAKU HOLDINGS LTD
(Incorporated in the Republic of South Africa)
(Registration number: 2005/003306/06)
Share code: SEP
ISIN: ZAE000138459

PROVISIONAL FINANCIAL RESULTS for the year ended 31 March 2019

SALIENT POINTS

Group
- Group consolidated revenue: R836 million
- Net profit after tax: R44 million
- Headline earnings per share: 21 cents

Metier
- Profit after tax: R22 million
- EBITDA margin: 6% at R52 million
- Bank term loan reduced by R35 million

SepCem1
- Sales revenue: R2,3 billion
- EBITDA margin: 20% at R462 million
- Profit after tax: R129 million
- SepCem 36% equity accounted earnings: R46 million
- Bank project loan reduced by R182 million

1 SepCem has a December year-end as a subsidiary of Dangote Cement PLC.

Forward-looking statements
Any forward-looking information is the responsibility of the board of directors and has
not been reviewed or reported on by the company's external auditors.

Remarking on the results, Chief Executive Officer, Dr Lelau Mohuba said,
"The building and construction materials manufacturers continued to experience tough operating
conditions. The estimated annual GDP growth was 0.8% for 2018, with the construction industry
contracting by 1.2% year on year. Macroeconomic expenditure in construction works, residential
and non-residential sectors decreased, contributing to a 1.4% contraction in gross fixed capital
formation. These statistics serve to illustrate the weak demand environment that contributed to
our performance during the year under review. As a group, we focused on lowering debt, defending
our share of the market and improving cost efficiencies.

We recognise the inherent cyclicality of building materials demand, and are cognisant that during
the downturn as we have been experiencing, it is imperative that we strategically steer the business
along the trajectory of our long-term vision. To that end, we continued to focus on reducing group
debt with the goal of achieving a net debt to EBITDA ratio of 2.5 for SepCem and 2.0 for Metier.
Since the 2015 financial year we have repaid approximately R1 billion in spite of a highly
constrained trading environment. Furthermore, we will continue to evaluate growth opportunities
in preparation for the period following the repayment of debt.

The group, with the guidance of the board, also focussed on strengthening the corporate governance processes and systems
in line with King IV which included enhancing our risk management and stakeholder engagement efforts. The latter was
particularly essential in our interactions with the communities located around the SepCem operations in the North West
province. The engagement processes have been laden by lack of recognised community leadership and
unsustainable demands for employment and supply opportunities. That as it may, we made significant progress by
successfully appointing six directors including their alternates from three neighbouring communities to the Aganang
integrated cement plant's empowerment structure, Torosesha. We are pleased that the various provincial and national
government departments have continued providing support to facilitate effective engagement for the mutual benefit of all
our stakeholders.

Finally, we expect the building materials demand to remain constrained due to the short-term challenges in stimulating the
economy against the backdrop of high sovereign debt and loss-making state-owned entities. Therefore, our outlook for the
next 12 to 24 months remains negative anticipating anaemic growth unless the newly elected government urgently provides
requisite impetus through pro-infrastructure investment policies."

ANALYST RESULTS PRESENTATION

A results presentation will be hosted at the Johannesburg Stock Exchange and simultaneously webcast on Wednesday,
26 June 2019 at 1030hs.

The link to access the webcast is: http://sephakuholdings-2019-financial-results-webcast

The results presentation can be downloaded from the company website:
http://sephakuholdings.com/investor-centre/presentations/

Participants are requested to download the presentation and announcement because there will not be any hard
copies provided at the event.

COMMENTARY

Sephaku Holdings Limited ("SepHold" or "the company") hereby reports on the group's provisional financial results for
the year ended 31 March 2019. SepHold, Metier Mixed Concrete (Pty) Ltd ("Metier" or "the subsidiary") and Dangote Cement
SA (Pty) Ltd ("SepCem" or "the associate") are collectively referred to as the group.

SEPHOLD

Head-office expenses reduction In line with the constrained operating environment, SepHold executive management commenced
the implementation of the head office expenses reduction plan. The company did not replace three directors following their
resignation from the board and reduced executive management remuneration. The comparative annual expenses were 9% lower at
R22,9 million from these initial savings achieved for the six months ended 31 March 2019. The non-cash portion was
approximately 21% (R4,8 million) mainly constituting depreciation and option vesting expenses. The executive management
has further committed to not increase their remuneration for FY2020. The plan will result in expenses 25% lower than
FY2018 (R25,3 million) by the end of FY2020.

METIER

Sales volumes
The subsidiary's sales volumes increased marginally by 1% due to the declining construction activity and fierce
competition. The KwaZulu Natal volumes were 11% lower year on year but Gauteng volumes increased by 15% due to the mobile
and thirteenth plants that were operational for 3 months and 6 months respectively. The strategic decision to increase
plant footprint in the relatively high demand nodes of Pretoria, supported Metier's volumes. On a like-for-like basis,
excluding the new tonnage, the subsidiary's volumes decreased by 2.6%.

Profitability
Metier's gross profit was R320,5 million compared to R341,9 million (FY2018) mainly due to a 6.7% increase in cost of
sales as a result of the product mix against flat pricing. To support margins, management optimised production and
logistics assets to align to prevailing demand. The subsidiary reduced the outsourced fleet by 16% to maximise the
utilisation of owned fleet. Metier's low pricing environment against inflationary input costs and expenses resulted in a
55% decrease in net profit. The subsidiary's EBITDA margin decreased to 6.2% (FY2018: 10.9%), operating margin to 4.7%
(FY2018: 9.6%) and net profit to R21,5 million (FY2018: R48,0 million).

Debtors management
Metier's market was characterised by numerous construction projects being suspended or terminated. This resulted in
several incidences of business liquidation and rescue. To minimise customer defaults, the subsidiary continued to
implement stricter credit terms including suspension of concrete supply for late remittances to ensure customer
compliance. All credit limits are reviewed regularly and Metier considers the guidance form the credit vetting
institutions. 

The subsidiary wrote off R8,95 million in debtors for the year with R4,59 million through the income statement and 
R4,35 million against the R6 million provision for bad debts. To further mitigate against the incidence
of defaults, Metier will increase the proportion of cash sales and expects the debtor profile to improve during CY2020.

Debt management
Metier's term loan principal was reduced by 49% to R41 million (FY2018: R80,4 million) in line with the group's stated
priority of deleveraging the balance sheets. The subsidiary has two loan facilities with the same lender, there is a
revolving credit facility for R100 million at a quarterly interest rate of JIBAR plus 400bps. The revolving facility
balance as at 31 March 2019 was R81,4 million. The final contractual payment for the term loan is scheduled for 15 April
2020.

SEPHAKU CEMENT

Sales volume
The low cement demand was exacerbated by increases in the value added tax and fuel price during Q1 and Q4 CY2018,
respectively. These increases seem to have negatively impacted retail customers' purchasing power. Consequently, intense
competition between the cement manufacturers, blenders and importers ensued during the year resulting in SpeCem's sales
volume decreasing by 6,4% year on year.

Revenue and profitability
Price increases were implemented in February and August 2018 resulting in 3.5% average increase per tonne. This effective
increase was lower than targeted because of a higher volume proportion of bulk cement and intense competition in highly
contested markets. SepCem's revenue decreased by 3.1% to R2,29 billion (2017: R2,37 billion) and the EBITDA margin was
20.1% (R461,5 million) compared to 21.3% (R504,2 million) for the prior period ended 31 December 2017. 

The profit margins were further impacted by above inflation cost increases in inputs such as coal, electricity and fuel. 
Furthermore, due to the low quality of coal available to the local market, the associate had a higher than planned plant 
maintenance cost which contributed to the lower than targeted profit margins. SepCem has started various initiatives to 
eliminate and or mitigate against these challenges. 

SepCem's net profit was R128,7 million mainly due to a R81,7 million tax credit that was granted in 2018 for the 2017 tax 
period. The 12L tax incentive provides for an energy efficiency allowance to be claimed at 98c/kWh for the energy savings 
achieved against a set baseline. The associate achieved a total energy saving of 307 GWh against a benchmark based on the 
energy efficiency of a modern plant. Excluding the tax credit, the net profit was R46,9 million 
compared to R57,8 million in 2017.

Debt management
SepCem repaid R181,9 million of the project loan capital resulting in a balance of R1,65 billion at the end of December
2018. The total debt service was R379,4 million including interest expense of R197,5 million. The debt covenants continued
to be under pressure during the year because of lower than targeted EBITDA margins. 

The Dangote Cement PLC shareholder loan increased to R474,0 million from R424,3 million accruing interest at JIBAR plus 400bps. 
SepCem's cash balance at the beginning of the year was R413 million and the associate generated R483 million from its operations 
during the year ending with a cash balance of R508 million. This confirms that SepCem can comply with its debt repayment 
requirements with the potential to enhance its cash generative capacity through higher cement prices.

Post-period
Following the Dangote Cement PLC results announcement on 29 April 2019 for the first quarter period ended 31 March 2019,
SepCem's revenue decreased to R487 million (Q1 2018: R566 million). The quarterly sales volumes to 31 March 2019, were 19%
lower year on year mainly due to the anomalously high comparative volumes in the previous year when SepCem recorded a 7%
increase. SepCem's estimates for the Q1 2019 industry volume decrease is 10% - 12%. The associate's exceptional volume increase
in Q1 2018 was a result of absorbing a competitor's sales volumes challenged by plant breakdowns. 

The quarterly volumes were further impacted by the increase in imports which resulted in a decrease in SepCem's 
KwaZulu Natal volumes. The associate prudently maintained prices to achieve targeted margins at lower volumes. To that end, 
SepCem increased pricing by 8% - 10% per tonne on both bagged and bulk cement in all its markets during Q1 2019. The 
effective increases were 5% - 7% per tonne due to pricing competition as demand remains constrained. 

These quarterly results will be accounted for in the SepHold interim financial results for the six months ending 30 September 2019.

Carbon tax
The government commenced the application of carbon tax on 1 June 2019 based on carbon emissions generated from all
manufacturing industries. Inherently, cement manufacturers produce carbon emissions during the clinker production process
through the use of coal to burn limestone and other raw materials at extremely high temperatures. Based on SepCem's
estimated carbon emissions, the tax payable will be approximately R35 million to R40 million per annum. The
associate will apply the tax on its products based on the proportion of clinker per tonne, which translates to between
1.5% and 2.5% price increases on lower strength and high strength cement respectively. 

SepCem will increase prices in July 2019 by 4% - 6% in line with the implementation of the carbon tax and standard biannual increases.

STATEMENTS OF COMPREHENSIVE INCOME
for the year ended 31 March 2019
                                                            Notes                                GROUP
                                                                                      2019                        2018
                                                                                         R                           R
Revenue                                                                        835 823 568                 830 686 042
Cost of sales                                                                 (515 275 407)               (488 756 744)
Gross profit                                                                   320 548 161                 341 929 298
Other operating income                                          4                2 999 418                   4 732 869
Operating expenses                                                            (308 852 077)               (292 334 309)
Operating profit/(loss)                                         5               14 695 502                  54 327 858
Investment income                                                                2 532 411                   4 749 191
Profit from equity-accounted investment                         6               46 331 599                  20 819 672
Finance costs                                                  17              (16 489 095)                (22 032 115)
Profit/(loss) before taxation                                                   47 070 417                  57 864 606
Taxation                                                       19               (3 029 811)                (13 697 584)
Profit/(loss) for the year                                                      44 040 606                  44 167 022
Other comprehensive income/(loss)
Items that will not be reclassified to profit or loss:
Revaluation reserve on land of associate written back                                    -                  (1 207 663)
Total comprehensive income/(loss) for the year                                  44 040 606                  42 959 359
Total comprehensive income/(loss) attributable to:
Equity holders of the parent                                                    44 040 606                  42 959 359
                                                                                44 040 606                  42 959 359

Basic earnings per share (cents)                                8                    21,21                       21,60
Diluted earnings per share (cents)                              8                    21,19                       21,49

STATEMENTS OF FINANCIAL POSITION
as at 31 March 2019
                                                            Notes                                GROUP
                                                                                      2019                        2018
                                                                                         R                           R
ASSETS
Non-current assets
Property, plant and equipment                                   9              147 059 791                 143 665 110
Goodwill                                                       18              223 421 981                 223 421 981
Intangible asset                                               13                  573 510                   2 867 551
Investment in joint ventures                                   21                  120 552                     120 552
Investment in associate                                         6              812 201 874                 765 870 275
Other financial assets                                                          10 918 381                   8 459 008
Long-term loans                                                                          -                   2 000 000
Other investments                                                                2 000 000                           -
                                                                             1 196 296 089               1 146 404 477
Current assets
Inventories                                                                     18 154 356                  16 829 437
Current tax receivable                                                           1 175 731                           -
Trade and other receivables                                    10              100 849 007                 133 331 514
Cash and cash equivalents                                      12                2 823 868                  10 510 169
                                                                               123 002 962                 160 671 120
Total assets                                                                 1 319 299 051               1 307 075 597
EQUITY AND LIABILITIES
Equity
Stated capital                                                 23              648 003 095                 644 443 723
Reserves                                                                        14 351 157                  12 025 844
Retained income                                                                422 969 425                 378 928 819
                                                                             1 085 323 677               1 035 398 386
Liabilities
Non-current liabilities
Other financial liabilities                                    16               81 014 556                 121 353 224
Deferred income                                                                    877 557                   1 555 444
Deferred taxation                                                               21 772 407                  21 022 839
                                                                               103 664 520                 143 931 507
Current liabilities
Other financial liabilities                                    16               40 721 110                  39 781 797
Current taxation payable                                                                 -                     307 491
Operating lease liability                                                        4 085 158                   4 090 842
Trade and other payables                                       11               80 096 267                  76 192 231
Deferred income                                                                    677 887                     677 887
Bank overdraft                                                 12                4 730 432                   6 695 456
                                                                               130 310 854                 127 745 704
Total liabilities                                                              233 975 374                 271 677 211
Total equity and liabilities                                                 1 319 299 051               1 307 075 597
Net asset value per share (cents)                               8                   521,25                      501,79
Tangible net asset value per share (cents)                      8                   413,75                      392,51

STATEMENTS OF CHANGES IN EQUITY
for the year ended 31 March 2019
                                                                                    GROUP
                                                          Revaluation
                                                              reserve
                                                         (relating to   Equity-based 
                                                 Stated       land of   share option        Total      Retained          Total 
                                                capital     associate)       reserve     reserves        income         equity  
                                                      R             R              R            R             R              R

Balance at 31 March 2017                    635 403 188    (1 207 663)    20 469 750   19 262 087   329 214 333    983 879 608
Profit for the year                                   -             -              -            -    44 167 022     44 167 022
Other comprehensive income for the year               -     1 207 663              -    1 207 663             -      1 207 663
Total comprehensive income for the year               -     1 207 663              -    1 207 663    44 167 022     45 374 685
Issue of shares                               9 040 535             -              -            -             -      9 040 535
Employees' share option scheme                        -             -     (8 443 906)  (8 443 906)    5 547 464     (2 896 442)
Balance at 31 March 2018                    644 443 723             -     12 025 844   12 025 844   378 928 819  1 035 398 386
Profit for the year                                   -             -              -            -    44 040 606     44 040 606
Total comprehensive income for the year               -             -              -            -    44 040 606     44 040 606
Issue of shares                               3 559 372             -              -            -             -      9 040 535
Employees' share option scheme                        -             -      2 325 313    2 325 313             -      2 325 313
Balance at 31 March 2019                    648 003 095             -     14 351 157   14 351 157   422 969 425  1 085 323 677

Note                                                 23             6

STATEMENTS OF CASH FLOWS
for the year ended 31 March 2019
                                                                                                 GROUP
                                                                                      2019                        2018
                                                              Notes                      R                           R
Cash flows from operating activities
Cash generated from/(utilised in) operations                      3             66 574 487                  47 455 351
Interest income                                                                  2 532 411                   4 749 191
Finance costs                                                    17            (16 200 978)                (21 298 838)
Taxation paid                                                    20             (3 763 466)                (12 472 313)
Net cash from/(utilised in) operating activities                                49 142 454                  18 433 391
Cash flows from investing activities
Purchase of property, plant and equipment                         9            (19 945 027)                (14 915 358)
Disposal of property, plant and equipment                         9              3 668 768                   4 314 861
Loans repaid                                                                     1 100 000                     650 837
Investment increase in joint venture                                                     -                     (40 754)
Net cash (utilised in)/from investing activities                               (15 176 259)                 (9 990 414)
Cash flows from financing activities
Proceeds on share issue                                          23                      -                   6 149 397
Repayment of other financial liabilities                                       (39 687 472)                (55 534 494)
Advances of loans (to)/from group companies                                              -                           -
Net cash (utilised in)/from financing activities                               (39 687 472)                (49 385 097)
Total cash and cash equivalents movement for the year                           (5 721 277)                (40 942 120)
Cash and cash equivalents at the beginning of the year                           3 814 713                  44 756 833
Total cash and cash equivalents at the end of the year           12             (1 906 564)                  3 814 713

ACCOUNTING POLICIES
for the year ended 31 March 2019

1. PRESENTATION OF ANNUAL FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
The summarised consolidated provisional financial results are prepared in accordance with the requirements of the 
JSE Limited Listings Requirements ("Listings Requirements") for abridged reports and the requirements of the Companies Act of
South Africa No 71 of 2008. The Listings Requirements require abridged reports to be prepared in accordance with the
framework concepts, the measurement and recognition requirements of International Financial Reporting Standards ("IFRS")
of the International Accounting Standards Board ("IASB"), the SAICA Financial Reporting Guides as issued by the Accounting
Practices Committee, the Financial Pronouncements as issued by the Financial Reporting Standards Council and must also, as
a minimum, contain the information required by IAS 34 Interim Financial Reporting. The accounting policies applied in the
preparation of the consolidated financial statements, from which the abridged consolidated financial statements were
derived, are in terms of IFRS and are consistent with the accounting policies applied in the preparation of the previous
consolidated annual financial statements, except for the change in the new or revised accounting standards and
interpretations of those standards that were adopted.

As a result of the adoption of the new and amended standards and interpretations in issue that were effective for the
first time in the current reporting period, a number of new policies were introduced. However, the adoption of these new
and amended standards and interpretations did not have a material impact on the annual financial statements in the current
period. Refer to note 2.1 for details of standards adopted in the current period.

1.1 Consolidation
Basis of consolidation
The group consolidates its subsidiaries. The group's interest in its associate is accounted for using the equity method of
accounting. Accounting policies are applied consistently in all group companies.

The results of the subsidiaries are included for the duration of the period in which the group exercised control over the
subsidiaries.

Business combinations are accounted for using the acquisition method as the acquisition date, ie when control is
transferred to Sephaku Holdings Limited. The group controls an entity when the group is exposed to, or has rights to,
variable returns from its involvement with the entity and has the ability to affect those returns through its power over
the entity.

All intra-group transactions, balances, income and expenses relating to subsidiaries are eliminated in full on consolidation.

Investment in associates and joint ventures
An investment in an associate/joint venture is accounted for using the equity method. Under the equity method, investments
in associates/joint ventures are carried in the consolidated statement of financial position at cost, adjusted for post-
acquisition changes in the group's share of net assets of the associate/joint venture, less any impairment losses.

The group recognises its share of losses of the associate/joint venture to the extent of the group's net investment in the
associate/joint venture.

The group's share of unrealised intra-company gains are eliminated on consolidation, and the group's share of intra-company 
losses is also eliminated provided they do not provide evidence that the asset transferred is impaired.

The group's share of post-acquisition profits or losses, other comprehensive income and movements in equity of the
associate is included in the group's profit or loss, other comprehensive income and equity reserves respectively.

1.2 Significant judgements and sources of estimation uncertainty
In preparing the annual financial statements, management is required to make estimates and assumptions that affect the
amounts represented in the annual financial statements and related disclosures. Use of available information and the
application of judgement are inherent in the formation of estimates. Actual results in the future could differ from these
estimates which may be material to the annual financial statements. Significant judgements include:

Trade and other receivables
The group assesses its trade and other receivables for impairment at the end of each reporting period. In determining
whether an impairment loss should be recorded in profit or loss, the group makes judgements as to whether there is observable 
data indicating a measurable decrease in the estimated future cash flows from a financial asset.

The group makes use of a simplified approach in accounting for trade and other receivables and records the loss allowance
as lifetime expected credit losses. These are the expected shortfalls in contractual cash flows, considering the potential
for default at any point during the life of the financial instrument. The group uses its historical experience, external
indicators and forward looking information to calculate the expected credit losses using a provision matrix.

Loans receivable 
Definition of default
The loans are considered to be in default when there is evidence that the borrower is in significant financial difficulty
such that it will have insufficient funds to repay the loan on demand. This is assessed based on a number of factors
including various liquidity and solvency ratios.

Significant increase in credit risk assessment
This assessment is performed qualitatively by reference to the borrower's cash flow and liquid asset position. The risk
that the borrower will default on a demand loan depends on whether the borrower has sufficient cash or other liquid assets
to repay the loan immediately (meaning that the risk of default is very low, possibly close to 0%) or it will not (meaning
that the risk of default is very high, possibly close to 100%).

Credit impaired indicators
The loans are considered to be credit impaired if they meet the definition of a defaulted loan.

Impairment testing of goodwill and investment in subsidiaries
The recoverable amount of the cash-generating unit (Metier) has been determined based on a value-in-use calculation, using
cash flow projections which cover a three-year period.

The following assumptions have been applied when reviewing goodwill impairment:
- A growth rate of 5,24% (2018: 6%) was applied and cash flows were discounted at a pre tax rate of 17,93% (2018: 17,93%),
  which is the estimated cost of capital as it relates to Metier.
- Asset values were based on the carrying amounts for the financial period.
- Future profits were estimated using historical information and approved three-year budgets.
- Sales growth/gross margins were based on historical achievement/known future prospects.
- Costs were assumed to grow in line with expansion and expected inflation.
- Cash flows have been extended into perpetuity at the growth rates noted above as management has no reason to believe the
  company will not continue past the budget period.

Estimation of useful lives and residual values
The estimation of the useful lives of assets is based on historic performance as well as expectations about future use,
and therefore requires a significant degree of judgement to be applied by management. The actual lives of these assets can
vary depending on a variety of factors, including technological innovation, product life cycles and maintenance programmes
(refer to accounting policy 1.4 Property, plant and equipment). Residual value assessments consider issues such as future
market conditions, the remaining lives of the assets and projected disposal values.

The useful life of the intangible asset is assessed, at a minimum, on an annual basis, or when there are indicators
present that there is a change from the previous estimate. Estimates of the useful life of the intangible asset are based
on the remaining customer contractual period of three months (2018: 15 months). Due to subsequent delays, the contract
will only be completed in September 2019.

1.3 Property, plant and equipment
Property, plant and equipment are initially measured at cost.

The initial estimate of the costs of dismantling and removing the item and restoring the site on which it is located is
also included in the cost of property, plant and equipment, where the entity is obligated to incur such expenditure, and
where the obligation arises as a result of acquiring the asset or using it for purposes other than the production of
inventories.

Property, plant and equipment are subsequently stated at cost less accumulated depreciation and any impairment losses.

Property, plant and equipment are depreciated on the straight-line basis over their expected useful lives to their estimated 
residual value. Depreciation of an asset commences when the asset is available for use as intended by management.

The useful lives of items of property, plant and equipment have been assessed as follows:

Item                          Average useful life
Land                          Land is not depreciated as it has an indefinite useful life.
Buildings                     30 years
Plant and machinery           15 years
Furniture and fixtures        6 years
Motor vehicles                5 years
Office equipment              5 years
Computer equipment            3 years

The residual value, useful life and depreciation method of each asset are reviewed at the end of each reporting period.

The depreciation charge for each period is recognised in profit or loss.

The gain or loss arising from the derecognition of an item of property, plant and equipment is included in profit or loss
when the item is derecognised. This is determined as the difference between the net disposal proceeds, if any, and the
carrying amount of the item.

1.4 Intangible asset
Intangible assets acquired in a business combination are initially recognised at fair value.

The amortisation period and the amortisation method for intangible assets are reviewed at every year-end.

Due to the Metier acquisition during 2013, the Vulindlela Development Association customer contract was signed for a
five-year period. This contract was extended on 31 December 2013 to a seven-year period. On 25 June 2016, the contract was
further extended to an eight-year contract period, this resulted in a change in accounting estimate. Amortisation is
provided to write down the Vulindlela Development Association customer contract classified as an intangible asset on a
straight-line basis over the contractual period. Any amendments to the contract period are accounted for as a change in
accounting estimate in line with IAS 8. The residual value for the contract is nil.

1.5 Financial instruments
IFRS 9 current year
Financial instruments held by the group are classified in accordance with the provisions of IFRS 9 Financial Instruments.

Broadly, the classification possibilities, which are adopted by the Group, as applicable, are as follows:

Financial assets which are equity instruments are:
- Mandatorily at fair value through profit or loss; or
- Designated as at fair value through other comprehensive income (this designation is not available to equity instruments
  which are held for trading or which are a contingent consideration in a business combination).

Financial assets which are debt instruments:
- Amortised cost (this category applies only when the contractual terms of the instrument give rise, on specified dates, to
  cash flows that are solely payments of principal and interest on principal, and where the instrument is held under a
  business model whose objective is met by holding the instrument to collect contractual cash flows); or
- Fair value through other comprehensive income (this category applies only when the contractual terms of the instrument
  give rise, on specified dates, to cash flows that are solely payments of principal and interest on principal, and where
  the instrument is held under a business model whose objective is achieved by both collecting contractual cash flows and
  selling the instruments); or
- Mandatorily at fair value through profit or loss (this classification automatically applies to all debt instruments which
  do not qualify as at amortised cost or at fair value through other comprehensive income); or
- Designated at fair value through profit or loss (this classification option can only be applied when it eliminates or
  significantly reduces an accounting mismatch).

Derivatives which are not part of a hedging relationship:
- Mandatorily at fair value through profit or loss.

Financial liabilities:
- Amortised cost; or
- Mandatorily at fair value through profit or loss (this applies to contingent consideration in a business combination or to
  liabilities which are held for trading); or
- Designated at fair value through profit or loss (this classification option can be applied when it eliminates or
  significantly reduces an accounting mismatch; the liability forms part of a group of financial instruments managed on a
  fair value basis; or it forms part of a contract containing an embedded derivative and the entire contract is designated
  as at fair value through profit or loss).

All regular way purchases or sales of financial assets are recognised and derecognised on a trade date basis. Regular way
purchases or sales are purchases or sales of financial assets that require delivery of assets within the time frame
established by regulation or convention in the marketplace.

The specific accounting policies for the classification, recognition and measurement of each type of financial instrument
held by the group are presented below:

Classification and initial measurement of financial assets
Except for those trade receivables that do not contain a significant financing component and are measured at the transaction 
price in accordance with IFRS 15, all financial assets are initially measured at fair value adjusted for transaction costs 
(where applicable).

Financial assets are classified into the following categories:
- Amortised cost;
- Fair value through profit or loss (FVTPL); and
- Fair value through other comprehensive income (FVOCI).

In the periods presented, the group does not have any financial assets categorised as FVOCI. 

The classification is determined by both:
- the entity's business model for managing the financial asset; and
- the contractual cash flow characteristics of the financial asset.

All income and expenses relating to financial assets that are recognised in profit or loss are presented within finance costs,
finance income or other financial items, except for impairment of trade receivables which is presented within other expenses.

Subsequent measurement
Financial assets are measured at amortised cost if the assets meet the following conditions (and are not designated as FVTPL):
- They are held within a business model whose objective is to hold the financial assets and collect its contractual cash
  flows; and
- The contractual terms of the financial assets give rise to cash flows that are solely payments of principal and interest
  on the principal amount outstanding.

After initial recognition, these are measured at amortised cost using the effective interest method.

Discounting is omitted where the effect of discounting is immaterial. The group's cash and cash equivalents, trade and
most other receivables fall into this category of financial instruments.

Fair value determination
If the market for a financial asset is not active (and for unlisted securities), the group establishes fair value by using
valuation techniques. These include the use of recent arm's length transactions, reference to other instruments that are
substantially the same, discounted cash flow analyses, and option pricing models making maximum use of market inputs and
relying as little as possible on entity-specific inputs.

Impairment of financial assets
IFRS 9's impairment requirements use more forward looking information to recognise expected credit losses - the expected
credit loss (ECL) model. This replaces IAS 39's incurred loss model. Instruments within the scope of the new requirements
included loans and other debt-type financial assets measured at amortised cost and trade receivables that are not measured
at fair value through profit or loss.

Recognition of credit losses is no longer dependent on the group first identifying a credit loss event. Instead, the group
considers a broader range of information when assessing credit risk and measuring expected credit losses, including past
events, current conditions, reasonable and supportable forecasts that affect the expected collectibility of the future
cash flows of the instrument.

In applying this forward looking approach, a distinction is made between:
- financial instruments that have not deteriorated significantly in credit quality since initial recognition or that have
  low credit risk (Stage 1); 
- financial instruments that have deteriorated significantly in credit quality since initial recognition and whose credit
  risk is not low (Stage 2); and
- Stage 3 would cover financial assets that have objective evidence of impairment at the reporting date.

12-month expected credit losses are recognised for the first category while lifetime expected credit losses are recognised
for the second category.

Measurement of the expected credit losses is determined by a probability weighted estimate of credit losses over the
expected life of the financial instrument.

Previous financial asset impairment under IAS 39
In the prior year, the impairment of trade receivables was based on the incurred loss model. Individually significant
receivables were considered for impairment when they were past due or when other objective evidence was received that a
specific counterparty will default. Receivables that were not considered to be individually impaired were reviewed for
impairment in groups, which are determined by reference to the industry and region of the counterparty and other shared
credit risk characteristics. The impairment loss estimate was then based on recent historical counterparty default rates
for each identified group.

Trade and other receivables
The group makes use of a simplified approach in accounting for trade and other receivables as well as contract assets and
records the loss allowance as lifetime expected credit losses. These are the expected shortfalls in contractual cash
flows, considering the potential for default at any point during the life of the financial instrument. The group uses its
historical experience external indicators and forward looking information to calculate the expected credit losses using a
provision matrix. The group assesses impairment of trade receivables on a collective basis. Since they possess shared
credit risk characteristics, they have been grouped based on the days past due. Refer to note 10 for a detailed analysis
of how the impairment requirements of IFRS 9 are applied.

Classification and measurement of financial liabilities
As the accounting for financial liabilities remains largely the same under IFRS 9 compared to IAS 39, the group's
financial liabilities were not impacted by the adoption of IFRS 9. However, for completeness, the accounting policy is
disclosed below. The group's financial liabilities include borrowings and trade and other payables. Financial liabilities
are initially measured at fair value, and, where applicable, adjusted for transaction costs.

Subsequently, financial liabilities are measured at amortised cost using the effective interest method. 

All interest-related charges are included within finance costs or finance income.

Trade and other payables
Trade and other payables are classified as financial liabilities at amortised cost.

Cash and cash equivalents
Cash and cash equivalents comprise cash on hand and demand deposits, and other short-term highly liquid investments that
are readily convertible to a known amount of cash and are subject to an insignificant risk of changes in value.

Cash and cash equivalents are classified as financial instruments at amortised cost.

Bank overdraft and other financial liabilities
Any difference between the proceeds (net of transaction costs) and the settlement or redemption of other financial
liabilities is recognised over the term of the other financial liabilities in accordance with the group's accounting
policy for borrowing costs.

Other financial liabilities are classified as financial liabilities at amortised cost.

IAS 39 comparatives 
Classification
The company classifies financial assets and financial liabilities into the following categories:
- Loans and receivables; and
- Financial liabilities measured at amortised cost.

Classification depends on the purpose for which the financial instruments were obtained/incurred and takes place at initial 
recognition. Classification is reassessed on an annual basis, except for derivatives and financial assets designated as at 
fair value through profit or loss, which shall not be classified out of the fair value through profit or loss category.

Initial recognition and measurement
Financial instruments are recognised initially when the group becomes a party to the contractual provisions of the
instruments. The group classifies financial instruments, or their component parts, on initial recognition as a financial
asset, a financial liability or an equity instrument in accordance with the substance of the contractual arrangement.

Subsequent measurement
Loans and receivables are subsequently measured at amortised cost, using the effective interest method, less accumulated
impairment losses.

Financial liabilities at amortised cost are subsequently measured at amortised cost, using the effective interest method.

No discounting is applied for instruments at amortised cost where the effects of the time value of money are not
considered to be material.

Derecognition
Financial assets are derecognised when the rights to receive cash flows from the investments have expired or have been
transferred and the company has transferred substantially all risks and rewards of ownership.

Financial liabilities are derecognised if the group's obligations specified in the contract expire or are discharged or
cancelled.

Impairment of financial assets
At each reporting date, the company assesses all financial assets, other than those at fair value through profit or loss,
to determine whether there is objective evidence that a financial asset or group of financial assets has been impaired.

For amounts due to the company, significant financial difficulties of the debtor, probability that the debtor will enter
bankruptcy and default of payments are all considered indicators of impairment.

Impairment losses are recognised in profit or loss.

Where financial assets are impaired through use of an allowance account, the amount of the loss is recognised in profit or
loss within operating expenses. When such assets are written off, the write off is made against the relevant allowance
account. Subsequent recoveries of amounts previously written off are credited against operating expenses.

Loans to shareholders
These financial assets are classified as loans and receivables.

Trade and other receivables
Trade receivables are measured at initial recognition at fair value, and are subsequently measured at amortised cost using
the effective interest rate method. Appropriate allowances for estimated irrecoverable amounts are recognised in profit or
loss when there is objective evidence that the asset is impaired. Significant financial difficulties of the debtor,
probability that the debtor will enter bankruptcy or financial reorganisation, and default or delinquency in payments
(more than 180 days overdue) are considered indicators that the trade receivable is impaired. The allowance recognised is
measured as the difference between the asset's carrying amount and the present value of estimated future cash flows
discounted at the effective interest rate computed at initial recognition.

The carrying amount of the asset is reduced through the use of an allowance account, and the amount of the loss is
recognised in profit or loss within operating expenses. When a trade receivable is uncollectible, it is written off
against the allowance account for trade receivables. Subsequent recoveries of amounts previously written off are credited
against operating expenses in profit or loss.

Trade and other receivables are classified as financial assets.

Trade and other payables
Trade payables are initially measured at fair value, and are subsequently measured at amortised cost, using the effective
interest rate method.

Transaction costs are included in the initial value recognised. Trade and other payables are classified as financial
liabilities at amortised cost.

Cash and cash equivalents
Cash and cash equivalents comprise cash on hand and demand deposits, and other short-term highly liquid investments that
are readily convertible to a known amount of cash and are subject to an insignificant risk of changes in value. These are
initially and subsequently recorded at fair value.

Cash and cash equivalents are classified as financial assets.

Bank overdrafts and borrowings
Bank overdrafts and borrowings are initially measured at fair value, and are subsequently measured at amortised cost, using 
the effective interest rate method. Any difference between the proceeds (net of transaction costs) and the settlement or 
redemption of borrowings is recognised over the term of the borrowings in accordance with the company's accounting policy for
borrowing costs.

Other financial liabilities are classified as financial liabilities at amortised cost.

1.6 Impairment of assets
The group assesses, at the end of the reporting period, whether there is any indication that an asset may be impaired. If
any such indication exists, the group estimates the recoverable amount of the asset.

Irrespective of whether there is any indication of impairment, the group annually tests goodwill acquired in a business
combination for impairment.

If there is any indication that an asset may be impaired, the recoverable amount is estimated for the individual asset. If
it is not possible to estimate the recoverable amount of the individual asset, the recoverable amount of the cash-
generating unit to which the asset belongs is determined.

The recoverable amount of an asset or a cash-generating unit is the higher of its fair value less costs to sell and its
value in use.

If the recoverable amount of an asset is less than its carrying amount, the carrying amount of the asset is reduced to its
recoverable amount. That reduction is recognised as an impairment loss.

An impairment loss of assets carried at cost less any accumulated depreciation or amortisation is recognised immediately
in profit or loss.

Goodwill acquired in a business combination is, from the acquisition date, allocated to each of the cash-generating units,
or groups of cash-generating units, that are expected to benefit from the synergies of the combination.

An impairment loss is recognised for cash-generating units if the recoverable amount of the unit is less than the carrying
amount of the units. The impairment loss is allocated to reduce the carrying amount of the assets of the unit in the
following order:
- first, to reduce the carrying amount of any goodwill allocated to the cash-generating unit; and
- then, to the other assets of the unit, pro rata, on the basis of the carrying amount of each asset in the unit.

The group assesses, at each reporting date, whether there is any indication that an impairment loss recognised in prior
periods for assets other than goodwill may no longer exist or may have decreased. If any such indication exists, the
recoverable amounts of those assets are estimated.

The increased carrying amount of an asset other than goodwill attributable to a reversal of an impairment loss does not exceed
the carrying amount that would have been determined had no impairment loss been recognised for the asset in prior periods.

A reversal of an impairment loss of assets carried at cost less accumulated depreciation or amortisation other than goodwill 
is recognised immediately in profit or loss.

1.7 Revenue from contracts with customers
IFRS 15 Revenue from Contracts with Customers current year
Revenue arises mainly from the sale of a variety of standard and specialised high-value concrete products to the construction 
industry. To determine whether to recognise revenue, the group follows a five-step process:
(1) Identifying the contract with a customer.
(2) Identifying the performance obligations.
(3) Determining the transaction price.
(4) Allocating the transaction price to the performance obligations.
(5) Recognising revenue when the performance obligations are satisfied.

The group often enters into transactions involving a range of the group's products and services. The main source of revenue 
being the manufacture and supply of quality ready-mixed concrete products for the residential, commercial and industrial 
markets in South Africa. In all cases, the total transaction price for a contract is allocated among the various performance 
obligations based on their relative standalone selling prices. The transaction price for a contract excludes any amounts 
collected on behalf of third parties.

Sales of concrete products are recognised at a point in time and management services are recognised over time.

The group recognises contract liabilities for consideration received in respect of unsatisfied performance obligations and
reports these amounts as other liabilities in the statement of financial position. Similarly, if the group satisfies a
performance obligation before it receives the consideration, the group recognises either a contract asset or a receivable
in its statement of financial position.

IAS 18 Revenue prior year
Revenue is measured at the fair value of the consideration received or receivable and represents the amounts receivable
for goods (ready-mixed concrete) and services (administration fees and rental income at company level) provided in the
normal course of business, net of trade discounts and volume rebates, and value added taxation. Revenue is recognised when
the significant risks and rewards of ownership of the goods have been transferred.

Interest is recognised in profit or loss using the effective interest rate method.

Service fees included in the price of the product are recognised as revenue over the period during which the service is 
rendered.

NOTES TO THE ANNUAL FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
for the year ended 31 March 2019

2. NEW STANDARDS AND INTERPRETATIONS
2.1 Standards and interpretations effective and adopted in the current year
In the current year, the group has adopted the following standards and interpretations that are effective for the current 
financial year and relevant to its operations:

Standard/interpretation                                Effective date: Years beginning on or after        
IFRS 9 Financial Instruments                           1 January 2018
IFRS 15 Revenue from Contracts with Customers          1 January 2018

Effects of changes in accounting policies 
IFRS 9 Financial Instruments
IFRS 9 replaces IAS 39 Financial Instruments: Recognition and Measurement. It makes major changes to the previous guidance
on the classification and measurement of financial assets and introduces an 'expected credit loss' model for the impairment 
of financial assets.

When adopting IFRS 9, the group has applied transitional relief and opted not to restate prior periods. Differences arising 
from the adoption of IFRS 9 in relation to classification, measurement and impairment are recognised in retained earnings.

The adoption of IFRS 9 has impacted the following areas:
- The classification and measurement of the group's financial assets. The impact of this resulted in additional disclosure.
- The impairment of financial assets applying the expected credit loss model. This affects the group's trade receivables.
  For contract assets arising from IFRS 15 and trade receivables, the group applies a simplified model or recognising
  lifetime expected credit losses as these items do not have a significant financing component. Refer to note 10.

There have been no changes to the classification or measurement of financial liabilities as a result of the application of
IFRS 9. There was no material impact on the group other than the new disclosure on accounting policies 1.5 Financial
instruments and notes 10 and 22 of the financial statements.

IFRS 15 Revenue from Contracts with Customers
IFRS 15 Revenue from Contracts with Customers and the related Clarifications to IFRS 15 Revenue from Contracts with
Customers (hereinafter referred to as IFRS 15) replace IAS 18 Revenue, IAS 11 Construction Contracts, and several revenue-
related interpretations. The new standard has been applied retrospectively without restatement, with the cumulative effect
of initial application recognised as an adjustment to the opening balance of retained earnings at 1 January 2018. In
accordance with the transition guidance, IFRS 15 has only been applied to contracts that are incomplete as at 1 January 2018.

There was no material impact on the group other than the new disclosure on accounting policies 1.7 Revenue from contracts
with customers and note 4 of the financial statements.

2.2 Standards and interpretations not yet effective
The list of standards and interpretations below only reflects those which are expected impact the group. The group has
chosen not to early adopt the following standards and interpretations, which have been published and are mandatory for the
group's accounting periods beginning on or after 1 April 2019 or later periods:

IFRS 16 Leases 
Company as lessee:
- Lessees are required to recognise a right-of-use asset and a lease liability for all leases, except short-term leases or
  leases where the underlying asset has a low value, which are expensed on a straight-line or other systematic basis.
- The cost of the right-of-use asset includes, where appropriate, the initial amount of the lease liability; lease payments
  made prior to commencement of the lease less incentives received; initial direct costs of the lessee; and an estimate for
  any provision for dismantling, restoration and removal related to the underlying asset.
- The lease liability takes into consideration, where appropriate, fixed and variable lease payments; residual value guarantees
  to be made by the lessee; exercise price of purchase options; and payments of penalties for terminating the lease.
- The right-of-use asset is subsequently measured on the cost model at cost less accumulated depreciation and impairment and
  adjusted for any remeasurement of the lease liability. However, right-of-use assets are measured at fair value when they
  meet the definition of investment property and all other investment property is accounted for on the fair value model. If
  a right-of-use asset relates to a class of property, plant and equipment which is measured on the revaluation model, then
  that right-of-use asset may be measured on the revaluation model.
- The lease liability is subsequently increased by interest, reduced by lease payments and remeasured for reassessments or
  modifications.
- Remeasurements of lease liabilities are affected against right-of-use assets, unless the assets have been reduced to nil,
  in which case further adjustments are recognised in profit or loss.
- The lease liability is remeasured by discounting revised payments at a revised rate when there is a change in the lease
  term or a change in the assessment of an option to purchase the underlying asset.
- The lease liability is remeasured by discounting revised lease payments at the original discount rate when there is a
  change in the amounts expected to be paid in a residual value guarantee or when there is a change in future payments
  because of a change in index or rate used to determine those payments.
- Certain lease modifications are accounted for as separate leases. When lease modifications which decrease the scope of the
  lease are not required to be accounted for as separate leases, then the lessee remeasures the lease liability by
  decreasing the carrying amount of the right of lease asset to reflect the full or partial termination of the lease. Any
  gain or loss relating to the full or partial termination of the lease is recognised in profit or loss. For all other lease
  modifications which are not required to be accounted for as separate leases, the lessee remeasures the lease liability by
  making a corresponding adjustment to the right-of-use asset.
- Right-of-use assets and lease liabilities should be presented separately from the other assets and liabilities. If not,
  then the line item in which they are included must be disclosed. This does not apply to right-of-use assets meeting the
  definition of investment property which must be presented within investment property. IFRS 16 contains different
  disclosure requirements compared to IAS 17 Leases.

The effective date of the standard is for years beginning on or after 1 January 2019.

The group expects to adopt the standard for the first time in the 2020 annual financial statements.

The estimated impact of implementing this standard as at and for the year ended, 31 March 2019 would be:
- Recognition of right-of-use assets in the statement of financial position - R54,0 million;
- Recognition of lease liabilities in the statement of financial position - R53,4 million;
- Recognition of depreciation on the right-of-use assets in the statement of comprehensive income - R11,1 million;
- Recognition of interest expense on the lease liabilities in the statement of comprehensive income - R6,5 million; and
- Reduction in operating expense in the statement of comprehensive income - R17,6 million

3. CASH GENERATED FROM/(USED IN) OPERATIONS
                                                                                                 GROUP
                                                                                      2019                        2018
                                                                                         R                           R
Profit/(loss) for the year                                                      47 070 417                  57 864 606
Adjustments for:
Depreciation and amortisation                                                   15 561 866                  13 957 576
(Profit)/loss on sale of non-current assets                                       (386 248)                 (1 930 319)
Profit from equity-accounted investments                                       (46 331 599)                (20 819 672)
Interest received                                                               (2 532 411)                 (4 749 191)
Finance costs                                                                   16 489 095                  22 032 115
Movements in operating lease assets and accruals                                    (5 684)                    (10 226)
Bad debts written off                                                                    -                      50 000
Deferred income                                                                   (677 887)                   (677 887)
Share options recorded against salary expense                                    2 325 313                   2 849 424
Changes in working capital:
Inventories                                                                     (1 324 919)                    142 643
Trade and other receivables                                                     32 482 508                 (11 778 377)
Trade and other payables                                                         3 904 036                  (9 475 341)
                                                                                66 574 487                  47 455 351
4. OTHER OPERATING INCOME
                                                                                                 GROUP
                                                                                      2019                        2018
                                                                                         R                           R
Discount received                                                                   51 741                     644 002
Profit on sale of assets                                                           386 248                   1 930 319
Government grants                                                                  677 887                     677 887
Other sundry income                                                              1 883 542                   1 480 661
                                                                                 2 999 418                   4 732 869

5. OPERATING PROFIT/(LOSS)
                                                                                                 GROUP
                                                                                      2019                        2018
                                                                                         R                           R
Operating profit/(loss) for the period is stated after accounting for the following:
Operating lease charges
Lease rentals on operating lease                                               (15 795 329)                (15 057 414)
Profit on sale of property, plant and equipment                                    386 248                   1 930 319
Amortisation on intangible assets                                               (2 294 041)                 (2 294 041)
Depreciation on property, plant and equipment                                  (13 267 826)                (11 663 536)
Employee costs                                                                 (96 481 118)                (91 326 086)
Auditor's remuneration                                                            (867 931)                   (816 003)

6. INVESTMENT IN ASSOCIATE
Sephaku Holdings Limited has a 36% ownership interest in Dangote Cement South Africa Proprietary Limited. The associate is
unlisted and is registered and operates within South Africa.

                                                                                      2019                        2018
Summary of group's interest in associate                                                 R                           R
Company level: Cost of investment in associate                                 635 117 284                 635 117 284
Proportional increase in investment                                             48 571 875                  48 571 875
Equity-accounted earnings - prior years                                         80 973 453                  60 153 782
Equity-accounted earnings - current year                                        46 331 599                  20 819 671
Revaluation reserve relating to land of associate - 
written back due to change in accounting policy                                  1 207 663                   1 207 663
Group level: Carrying value of investment in associate                         812 201 874                 765 870 275

During the prior year, the group decided to change the accounting policy for land and buildings to the historical cost
basis. This is in line with Dangote Cement South Africa Proprietary Limited who adopted this change in FY 2017. The result
of this was the write back of the revaluation reserve of R1 207 663 relating to the land of the associate arising during
FY 2012.

During 2017, Dangote Cement PLC and SepHold contributed R134 921 875 in equity to relieve pressure on the debt covenants.
During the prior financial year, 6 938 839 shares at R7,00 per share were issued to SepHold and 12 335 715 shares at R7,00
per share issued to Dangote Cement PLC regarding the prior year contribution.

Since the debt service ratio was 1,225 during 2017 instead of the required 1,3, negotiations were entered into with Nedbank 
to reshape the payment profile. This was successfully completed during the second half of 2017 and required a further 
R95 million contribution by shareholders. Dangote Cement PLC made this contribution and in terms of the relationship 
agreement, SepHold will have to contribute 36% of this on demand or face dilution of approximately 1,2 percentage points. 
The shareholders are still in agreement with regard to the postponement of the timing of the repayment or dilution. SepHold 
has a potential liability of R34,2 million or a dilution in investment.

Impairment testing
No indications of impairment were identified and therefore no impairment testing was performed for the current financial 
year. 

The net asset value of the associate is R1 624 828 550 (2018: R1 496 269 042) as indicated below:

Summary of group interest in Dangote Cement South Africa                              2019*                       2018*
Proprietary Limited and its subsidiaries                                                 R                           R
Non-current assets                                                           3 277 241 222               3 295 208 712
Current assets                                                                 896 605 658                 819 849 860
Total assets                                                                 4 173 846 880               4 115 058 572
Total equity                                                                 1 624 828 550               1 496 269 042
Non-current liabilities                                                     (1 903 059 030)             (2 108 266 538)
Current liabilities                                                           (645 959 300)               (510 522 992)
Total liabilities                                                           (2 549 018 330)             (2 618 789 530)
Revenue for the period                                                       2 292 157 090               2 365 548 412 
Cost of sales                                                               (1 852 356 625)             (1 853 935 209)
Gross profit                                                                   439 800 465                 511 613 203
Operating profit                                                               280 615 454                 333 294 740
Investment income                                                               26 492 846                  13 988 113
Finance costs                                                                 (250 658 856)               (268 462 161)
Profit before taxation                                                          56 449 444                  78 820 692
Taxation (expense)/income                                                       72 248 404                 (20 988 270)
Profit after taxation for the period                                           128 697 848                  57 832 422 
Total comprehensive income for the period                                      128 697 848                  57 832 422
                                                                                                                   
*Dangote Cement South Africa Proprietary Limited has a December year-end to align with Dangote Cement PLC’s year-end. 
In line with the requirements of IAS 28, the year-end results of Dangote Cement South Africa Proprietary Limited as at 
31 December 2018 have been included in these financial statements.

7. SEGMENT INFORMATION
                                                                     Ready-mixed
                                                                        concrete       Head office        Group totals
2019
Segment revenue - external revenue                                   835 823 569                 -         835 823 569
Segment cost of sales                                               (515 275 407)                -        (515 275 407)
Segment expenses                                                    (285 895 661)      (22 956 416)       (308 852 077)
Profit from equity-accounted investment                                        -        46 331 599          46 331 599
Profit on sale of property, plant and equipment                          386 248                 -             386 248
Segment profit/(loss) after taxation                                  21 530 240        22 510 366          44 040 606
Taxation                                                              (3 672 142)          642 331          (3 029 811)
Interest received                                                      2 530 952             1 459           2 532 411
Interest paid                                                        (16 303 589)         (185 506)        (16 489 095)
Depreciation and amortisation                                        (13 214 303)       (2 347 562)        (15 561 865)
Segment assets                                                       251 252 272     1 068 046 779       1 319 299 051
Investment in associate included in the above total segment assets             -       812 201 874         812 201 874
Capital expenditure included in segment assets                        19 827 063           117 963          19 945 026
Segment liabilities                                                 (225 638 902)       (8 336 472)       (233 975 374)
                                                                                                                    
2018
Segment revenue - external revenue                                   830 686 042                 -         830 686 042
Segment cost of sales                                               (488 756 744)                -        (488 756 744)
Segment expenses                                                    (267 054 964)      (25 279 345)       (292 334 309)
Profit from equity-accounted investment                                        -        20 819 672          20 819 672
Profit on sale of property, plant and equipment                        1 930 319                 -           1 930 319
Segment profit/(loss) after taxation                                  48 013 015        (3 845 993)         44 167 022
Taxation                                                             (14 339 915)          642 331         (13 697 584)
Interest received                                                      4 747 855             1 336           4 749 191
Interest paid                                                        (22 002 128)          (29 987)        (22 032 115)
Depreciation and amortisation                                        (11 591 223)       (2 366 354)        (13 957 577)
Segment assets                                                       285 141 373     1 021 934 224       1 307 075 597
Investment in associate included in above total segment assets                 -       765 870 275         765 870 275
Capital expenditure included in segment assets                        14 891 968            23 390          14 915 358
Segment liabilities                                                 (267 423 681)       (4 253 530)       (271 677 211)

The only commodity actively managed by Metier is ready-mixed concrete.

The group does not rely on any single external customer or group of entities under common control for 10% or more of the 
group's revenue.

SepCem is an associate of SepHold. No segment report has been presented for cement (the commodity) as the amounts
attributable to cement (the commodity) have been included in the head office segment.

8. NET ASSET VALUE PER SHARE AND EARNINGS PER SHARE
Net asset value and tangible net asset value per share
                                                                                                 GROUP
                                                                                      2019                        2018
                                                                                         R                           R
Total assets                                                                 1 319 299 051               1 307 075 597
Total liabilities                                                             (233 975 374)               (271 677 211)
Net asset value attributable to equity holders of parent                     1 085 323 677               1 035 398 386
Goodwill                                                                      (223 421 981)               (223 421 981)
Intangible assets                                                                 (573 510)                 (2 867 551)
Deferred tax raised on intangible assets                                           160 583                     802 914
Tangible net asset value                                                       861 488 769                 809 911 769
Shares in issue                                                                208 216 175                 206 342 821
Net asset value per share (cents)                                                   521,25                      501,79
Tangible net asset value per share (cents)                                          413,75                      392,51
Earnings, diluted earnings and headline earnings per share

Reconciliation of basic earnings to diluted earnings and headline earnings:
Basic profit and diluted profit from total operations attributable to 
equity holders of parent                                                        44 040 606                  44 167 022
(Profit)/loss on sale of property, plant and equipment                            (386 248)                 (1 930 319)
Total taxation effect of adjustments                                               108 150                     540 489
Headline earnings and diluted headline earnings attributable
to equity holders of parent                                                     43 762 508                  42 777 192
Basic weighted average number of shares                                        207 610 543                 204 431 259
Dilutive effect of share options                                                   261 498                   1 089 107
Diluted weighted average number of shares                                      207 872 041                 205 520 366
Basic earnings per share (cents)                                                     21,21                       21,60
Diluted earnings per share (cents)                                                   21,19                       21,49
Headline earnings per share (cents)                                                  21,08                       20,92
Diluted headline earnings per share (cents)                                          21,05                       20,81

9. PROPERTY, PLANT AND EQUIPMENT
                                                                                   GROUP
                                                            2019                                           2018
                                         Cost/       Accumulated       Carrying          Cost/      Accumulated       Carrying
                                     valuation      depreciation          value      valuation     depreciation          value 
                                             R                 R              R              R                R              R
Land                                 6 736 296                 -      6 736 296      6 736 296                -      6 736 296
Buildings                           14 433 910                 -     14 433 910     14 357 537                -     14 357 537
Plant and machinery                104 028 558       (42 816 497)    61 212 061     92 108 297      (38 111 520)    53 996 777
Furniture and fixtures               1 004 537          (698 840)       305 697        968 981         (593 365)       375 616
Motor vehicles                     160 496 265       (97 126 349)    63 369 916    165 953 182      (98 409 517)    67 543 665
Office equipment                        24 966           (19 278)         5 688         24 966          (14 285)        10 681
Computer equipment                   4 077 141        (3 080 918)       996 223      3 349 821       (2 705 283)       644 538
Total                              290 801 673      (143 741 882)   147 059 791    283 499 080     (139 833 970)   143 665 110

                                                                                   GROUP
                                                         Opening 
Reconciliation of property, plant and equipment          balance      Additions      Disposals     Depreciation          Total
                                                               R              R              R                R              R
2019
Land                                                   6 736 296              -              -                -      6 736 296
Buildings                                             14 357 537         76 373              -                -     14 433 910
Plant and machinery                                   53 996 777     12 008 167        (66 532)      (4 726 351)    61 212 061
Furniture and fixtures                                   375 616         35 556              -         (105 475)       305 697
Motor vehicles                                        67 543 665      6 948 743     (3 210 854)      (7 911 638)    63 369 916
Office equipment                                          10 681              -              -           (4 993)         5 688
Computer equipment                                       644 538        876 187         (5 134)        (519 368)       996 223
                                                     143 665 110     19 945 026     (3 282 520)     (13 267 825)   147 059 791
2018
Land                                                   6 736 296              -              -                -      6 736 296
Buildings                                             14 357 537              -              -                -     14 357 537
Plant and machinery                                   54 382 544      3 760 730              -       (4 146 497)    53 996 777
Furniture and fixtures                                   303 076        181 758              -         (109 218)       375 616
Motor vehicles                                        66 325 391     10 643 720     (2 384 540)      (7 040 906)    67 543 665
Office equipment                                          15 674              -              -           (4 993)        10 681
Computer equipment                                       677 311        329 150              -         (361 923)       644 538
                                                     142 797 829     14 915 358     (2 384 540)     (11 663 537)   143 665 110

Construction of the building (for the property included in the financial statements at a carrying value of R14 433 910 as
at 31 March 2019), was completed during FY 2017. There is additional expenditure for the financial year of R76 373 (2018: Rnil). 
The residual value of the building is considered to be in excess of the cost thereof, as such no depreciation has been processed 
on the building.

Pledged as security
All movable assets are pledged as security for other financial liabilities as per note 16. Land and buildings of R18 503 897 
(2018: R18 427 252) are pledged as security for the R2 million Absa overdraft facility of SepHold.

                                                                                                 GROUP
                                                                                     2019                         2018
Details of land and buildings                                                           R                            R
Portion 0 of Erf 233, Phoenix Industrial Park
- Purchase price: 12 June 2009                                                  2 400 000                    2 400 000
- Capitalised expenditure                                                         266 309                      266 309
                                                                                2 666 309                    2 666 309
Erf 398 Randjespark Ext 121
- Purchase price: 10 December 2013                                              4 017 750                    4 017 750
- Capitalised expenditure (land)                                                   52 237                       52 237
- Capitalised expenditure (building)                                           14 433 910                   14 357 537
                                                                               18 503 897                   18 427 524
10. TRADE AND OTHER RECEIVABLES
                                                                                                 GROUP
                                                                                     2019                         2018
                                                                                        R                            R
Financial instruments
Trade receivables                                                              98 546 425                  130 888 707
Deposits                                                                        1 720 152                    1 742 749

Non-financial instruments
Prepayments                                                                       539 175                      648 797
Value added taxation                                                               43 255                       51 261
                                                                              100 849 007                  133 331 514

All amounts are short term. The net carrying value of trade receivables is considered a reasonable approximation of fair value.

Trade and other receivables pledged as security
Trade and other receivables of Metier of R100 633 583 (2018: R133 005 263) are pledged as security for other financial
liabilities as per note 16.

Exposure to credit risk
Trade receivables inherently expose the company to credit risk, being the risk that the company will incur financial loss
if customers fail to make payments as they fall due.

In order to mitigate the risk of financial loss from defaults, the company only deals with reputable customers with
consistent payment histories. Sufficient collateral or guarantees are also obtained when appropriate. Each customer is
analysed individually for creditworthiness before terms and conditions are offered. Statistical credit scoring models are
used to analyse customers. These models make use of information submitted by the customers as well as external bureau data
(where available). Customer credit limits are in place and are reviewed and approved by credit management committees. The
exposure to credit risk and the creditworthiness of customers are continuously monitored.

Insurance of debtors was obtained from CGIC during the current financial year and contributed favourably in the assessment
of credit risk exposure under IFRS 9.

A loss allowance is recognised for all trade receivables in accordance with IFRS 9 Financial Instruments, and is monitored
at the end of each reporting period. In addition to the loss allowance, trade receivables are written off when there is no
reasonable expectation of recovery, for example, when a debtor has been placed under liquidation. Trade receivables which
have been written off are not subject to enforcement activities.

The company measures the loss allowance for trade receivables by applying the simplified approach which is prescribed by
IFRS 9. In accordance with this approach, the loss allowance on trade receivables is determined as the lifetime expected
credit losses on trade receivables. The expected credit loss was reached after taking into account the fact that the
debtors are insured. These lifetime expected credit losses are estimated using a provision matrix, which is presented
below. The provision matrix has been developed by making use of past default experience of debtors but also incorporates
forward looking information and general economic conditions of the industry as at the reporting date.

The estimation techniques explained have been applied for the first time in the current financial period as a result of
the adoption of IFRS 9. Trade receivables were previously impaired only when there was objective evidence that the asset
was impaired. The impairment was calculated as the difference between the carrying amount and the present value of the
expected future cash flows.

The company's historical credit loss experience does not show significantly different loss patterns for different customer
segments. The provision for credit losses is therefore based on past due status without disaggregating into further risk
profiles.
                                                                                GROUP 
                                                      More than      More than      More than      More than
                                                        30 days        60 days        90 days       120 days
                                         Current       past due       past due       past due       past due           Total
                                               R              R              R              R              R               R
At 31 March 2019 the lifetime
expected credit loss provision for
trade receivables is as follows:
                                                                                                                             
Gross carrying amount                 67 158 551     26 785 468      1 865 894        772 420       3 609 164    100 191 496
Less: Insured debtors                 42 186 182     23 012 122        724 284        263 659         168 693     66 354 940

Gross carrying value uninsured 
trade receivables                     24 972 369      3 773 346      1 141 609        508 761       3 440 471     33 836 556
Less: Specific allowance                       -              -              -              -       1 189 051      1 189 051
                                      24 972 369      3 773 346      1 141 609        508 761       2 251 420     32 647 505
Expected credit loss rate                  0,48%          0,89%          4,11%          9,38%          14,02%
Lifetime expected credit loss
(excluding value added taxation)         104 232         29 202         40 800         41 497         274 478        490 209

Total expected credit loss    
(including specific allowance)                                                                                     1 679 260

As at 1 April 2018 the expected 
credit loss provision for lifetime 
trade receivables is as follows:

Gross carrying amount*                80 532 323     35 035 888      6 895 340      4 035 728      10 389 428    136 888 707
Less: Specific allowance                       -              -              -              -       4 023 884      4 023 884
                                      80 532 323     35 035 888      6 895 340      4 035 728       6 365 544    132 864 823
Expected credit loss rate                  0,18%          0,34%          1,58%          3,61%           5,39%
Lifetime expected credit loss 
(excluding value added taxation)         339 083        273 526        248 595        332 062         782 850      1 976 116

Total expected credit loss 
(including specific allowance)                                                                                     6 000 000

*During the prior year, none of the trade receivables were insured. Due to the introduction of credit insurance in the current 
year only uninsured debtors were considered for the expected credit loss provision. The expected credit loss provision rate in
creased year on year due to the deterioration of the economy but this was balanced by the insurance cover.

Credit risk disclosure for comparatives under IAS 39
The following sections provide comparative information for trade and other receivables which have not been restated. The
information is provided in accordance with IAS 39 Financial instruments: Recognition and Measurement.

Credit quality of trade and other receivables
Management has made an assessment of the debts neither past due nor impaired and are satisfied with the credit quality of
these debtors, as all such debts are expected to be recovered without default. The credit quality of trade and other
receivables can be assessed by reference to external credit ratings (if available) or to historical information about
counterparty default rates.

Trade and other receivables past due but not impaired
Trade and other receivables which are less than three months past due are not considered to be impaired. 

At 31 March 2019, R32 857 169 (2018: R15 320 496) was past due but not impaired.

The ageing of amounts past due but not impaired is as follows:
                                                                                                 GROUP
                                                                                     2019                         2018
                                                                                        R                            R
One month past due                                                             26 609 692                    6 895 340
Two months past due                                                             1 865 894                    4 035 728
Three months past due                                                             772 420                    3 049 649
More than three months past due                                                 3 609 164                    1 339 779

Subsequent to the reporting date, R24 986 942 of the amounts one month past due, R818 691 of the amounts two months past
due, R688 331 of the amounts three months past due and R746 982 of the amounts more than three months past due have been
collected. After taking the subsequent receipts into account, R5 612 786 is still outstanding in the past due not impaired
category. An amount of R1 679 260 has been raised as an expected credit loss allowance based on the simplified method in
terms of IFRS 9. These amounts have not been impaired as management has received sufficient security from debtors in the
form of personal sureties, cessions of book debt, cessions of retentions, company cross-guarantees and surety bond over a
property over and above the cover introduced through CGIC.

Trade and other receivables - allowance for impairment
As at 31 March 2019, trade and other receivables of R1 679 260 (2018: R6 000 000) were provided for.
                                                                                                 
                                                                                                 GROUP
                                                                                     2019                         2018
Reconciliation of allowance for impairment of trade and other receivables               R                            R
Opening balance                                                                 6 000 000                    1 000 000
Amounts written off as uncollectible                                           (4 594 014)                           - 
Provision for impairment                                                          273 274                    5 000 000
Closing balance                                                                 1 679 260                    6 000 000

Fair value of trade and other receivables
The fair value of trade and other receivables approximates their carrying amounts.

11. TRADE AND OTHER PAYABLES
                                                                                                 GROUP
                                                                                     2019                         2018
                                                                                        R                            R
Financial instruments
Trade payables                                                                 60 078 529                   62 100 899
Credit cards                                                                       10 569                        9 370
Other payables                                                                  1 468 327                            -
Accrued expenses                                                                3 870 580                    4 106 961
Sundry suppliers                                                                1 114 591                      646 436
Accrued audit fees                                                                445 000                      405 000
Non-financial instruments
Accrual for salary-related expenses                                               196 103                      341 359
Accrued bonus                                                                   1 782 196                    1 648 121
Deposits received                                                              10 559 161                    5 249 379
Value added taxation                                                              571 211                    1 684 706
                                                                               80 096 267                   76 192 231
Fair value of trade and other payables
The fair values of trade and other payables are substantially the same as the carrying amounts reflected on the statement
of financial position, as the financial instruments are short term in nature.

12. CASH AND CASH EQUIVALENTS
                                                                                                 GROUP
                                                                                     2019                         2018
                                                                                        R                            R
Cash and cash equivalents consist of:
Cash on hand                                                                      114 000                      101 500
Bank balances                                                                   2 709 868                   10 408 669
Bank overdraft                                                                 (4 730 432)                  (6 695 456)
                                                                               (1 906 564)                   3 814 713
Current assets                                                                  2 823 868                   10 510 169
Current liabilities                                                            (4 730 432)                  (6 695 456)
                                                                               (1 906 564)                   3 814 713

The fair values of cash and cash equivalents are considered to be equal to the carrying value.

SepHold has an available overdraft facility of R12 000 000 (Nedbank: R10 000 000 and Absa: R2 000 000). Metier has an
available Standard Bank overdraft facility and a general short-term banking facility of R21 990 000.

                                                                                                 GROUP
                                                                                     2019                         2018
                                                                                        R                            R
The total amount of undrawn overdraft and term loan facilities available 
for future operating activities and commitments                                27 259 523                   17 294 544

Credit facilities are secured as per note 16.

13. INTANGIBLE ASSET
                                                                               GROUP
                                                            2019                                           2018
                                         Cost/       Accumulated       Carrying          Cost/      Accumulated       Carrying
                                     valuation      amortisation          value      valuation     amortisation          value 
                                             R                 R              R              R                R              R
Customer contract                   20 438 713       (19 865 203)       573 510     20 438 713      (17 571 162)     2 867 551

                                                                                       Opening 
                                                                                       balance     Amortisation          Total
Reconciliation of intangible asset                                                           R                R              R
2019
Customer contract                                                                    2 867 551       (2 294 041)       573 510
2018
Customer contract                                                                    5 161 591       (2 294 040)     2 867 551

Amortisation and change in accounting estimate
The carrying value of the intangible asset was amortised over the 27 months that was remaining of the eight-year extended
contract period during the prior year. The remaining period of amortisation at year-end is three months.

Impairment testing
No indications of impairment were identified and therefore no impairment testing was performed for the current financial year.

14. FINANCIAL ASSETS BY CATEGORY
The accounting policies for financial instruments have been applied to the line items below:

                                                                                       GROUP
                                                                Assets at     Assets at fair      Non-financial 
                                                           amortised cost              value        instruments*          Total
2019                                                                    R                  R                  R               R
Other financial assets                                         10 918 381                  -                  -      10 918 381
Trade and other receivables                                   100 266 577                  -            582 430     100 849 007
Cash and cash equivalents                                       2 823 868                  -                  -       2 823 868
Other investments                                                       -          2 000 000                  -       2 000 000
                                                              114 008 826          2 000 000            582 430     116 591 256

                                                                                   Assets at      Non-financial 
                                                                              amortised cost        instruments*          Total
2018                                                                                       R                  R               R
Other financial assets                                                             8 459 008                  -       8 459 008
Trade and other receivables                                                      132 631 456            700 058     133 331 514
Cash and cash equivalents                                                         10 510 169                  -      10 510 169
Long-term loans                                                                    2 000 000                  -       2 000 000
                                                                                 153 600 633            700 058     154 300 691

*Non-financial instruments of the group consist of prepayments of R539 175 (2018: R648 797) and value added taxation of R43 255 
(2018: R51 261).

15. FINANCIAL LIABILITIES BY CATEGORY
The accounting policies for financial instruments have been applied to the line items below:
                                                                                                 GROUP
                                                                       Financial liabilities      Non-financial 
                                                                           at amortised cost        instruments*          Total
                                                                                           R                  R               R
2019
Other financial liabilities                                                      121 735 666                  -     121 735 666
Trade and other payables                                                          66 987 596         13 108 671      80 096 267
Bank overdraft                                                                     4 730 432                  -       4 730 432
                                                                                 193 453 694         13 108 671     206 562 365
2018
Other financial liabilities                                                      161 135 021                  -     161 135 021
Trade and other payables                                                          67 268 666          8 923 565      76 192 231
Bank overdraft                                                                     6 695 456                  -       6 695 456
                                                                                 235 099 143          8 923 565     244 022 708

*Non-financial instruments for the group consist of an accrued bonus of R1 782 196 (2018: R1 648 121), value added taxation of 
R571 211 (2018: R1 684 706), deposits received of R10 559 161 (2018:R5 249 379) and accrual for salary-related expenses of 
R196 103 (2018: R341 359).

16. OTHER FINANCIAL LIABILITIES
                                                                                                 GROUP
                                                                                     2019                         2018
                                                                                        R                            R
Held at amortised cost
Standard Bank - Facility A                                                     81 466 301                   81 720 277
This loan bears interest at the variable JIBAR plus a margin of 4%, 
which is currently 11,15% and is repayable in varying instalments 
with the final payment being made 15 April 2020. Interest payments 
are made quarterly in arrears.

Standard Bank - Facility B                                                     40 721 110                   80 408 582
This loan bears interest at the variable JIBAR plus a margin of 3,49%, 
which is  currently 10,475% and is repayable in variable instalments 
with the final payment  being made 15 April 2020. The instalments are 
repayable monthly over a period of three years and include payments of 
the interest and capital portions.

Capitalised transaction costs                                                    (451 745)                    (993 838)
Transaction costs of the above loans are capitalised and released to 
operating expenses over the term of the loan.
                                                                              121 735 666                  161 135 021

The Standard Bank loans are secured as follows:
- General notarial bond granted by Metier in favour of the debt guarantor over all its movable assets, including inventory;
- Pledge and cession by SepHold in favour of the debt guarantor, in which SepHold, inter alia, pledges and cedes in
  securitatem debiti to the debt guarantor all its shares in and claims against the borrower;
- Cession of insurances by Metier in favour of the debt guarantor, in terms of which Metier Mixed Concrete Proprietary Limited 
  cedes in securitatem debiti to the debt guarantor its right, title and interest in and to all insurances over its assets;
- Cession of debts by Metier in favour of the debt guarantor, in terms of which Metier cedes in securitatem debiti to the
  debt guarantor, its right, title and interest in and to all of its debtors;
- Special notarial bond by Metier in favour of the debt guarantor over specified movable assets; and
- The deed of security over the domain name www.metiersa.co.za entered into between Metier (as cedent) and the debt guarantor 
  (as cessionary) and any notices or acknowledgements required thereunder, in terms of which Metier cedes in securitatem 
  debiti to the debt guarantor its right, title and interest in and to the domain name.

Total term lending facilities are R120 721 110 (2018: R180 408 582).
                                                                                                 GROUP
                                                                                     2019                         2018
                                                                                        R                            R
Non-current liabilities
At amortised cost                                                              81 014 556                  121 353 224

Current liabilities
At amortised cost                                                              40 721 110                   39 781 797
                                                                              121 735 666                  161 135 021

The fair values of these financial liabilities are substantially the same as the carrying amounts reflected on the statement 
of financial position as they bear interest at market-related rates.

17. FINANCE COSTS
                                                                                                 GROUP
                                                                                     2019                         2018
                                                                                        R                            R
Bank                                                                              177 807                       29 987
Late payment of tax                                                                     -                        2 281
Other financial liabilities                                                    15 481 078                   21 457 754
Capitalised transaction costs                                                     542 093                      542 093
                                                                               16 200 978                   22 032 115
18. GOODWILL

                                                                               GROUP
                                                            2019                                           2018
                                                     Accumulated       Carrying                     Accumulated       Carrying
                                          Cost        impairment          value           Cost       impairment          value 
                                             R                 R              R              R                R              R
Goodwill on acquisition 
of subsidiary                      223 421 981                 -    223 421 981    223 421 981                -    223 421 981

                                                                                                        Opening
                                                                                                        balance          Total
Reconciliation of goodwill                                                                                    R              R
2019
Goodwill                                                                                            223 421 981    223 421 981
2018
Goodwill                                                                                            223 421 981    223 421 981

Impairment testing
In accordance with IAS 36 Impairment of Assets, goodwill is reviewed annually for impairment, or more frequently if there is 
an indication that goodwill might be impaired. The decline in profitability of Metier over the last two years focused the 
attention on the Goodwill assessment. Management believes that trading results are representative of the cycle in which 
construction and a number of other industries currently find themselves in. It is also envisaged that this might still continue 
for a period of up to 18 months. Based on this a three year forward looking model was used in assessing the current position. 
The company assets and key employees are all well positioned to return to prior levels of turnover and profitability once the 
cycle recovers.

Based on the results of the impairment test performed, no impairment is required. Refer to accounting policy 1.2 Impairment 
testing of goodwill and investments in subsidiaries for inputs used for the impairment test.

19. TAXATION
                                                                                                 GROUP
                                                                                     2019                         2018
                                                                                        R                            R
Major components of the taxation expense
Current
Local income taxation - current period                                          2 280 244                   12 371 189
Deferred
Originating and reversing temporary differences                                   749 567                    1 326 395
                                                                                3 029 811                   13 697 584
Reconciliation of the taxation expense
Reconciliation between accounting profit and taxation expense
Profit/(loss) before taxation                                                  47 070 417                   57 864 606
Taxation at the applicable taxation rate of 28%                                13 179 717                   16 202 090

Taxation effect of adjustments on taxable income
Non-deductible items and exempt income                                            (34 456)                      10 677
Taxable temporary difference not recognised as deferred tax liability            (195 496)                    (173 872)
Deferred taxation not raised on assessed taxation loss                          2 371 192                    2 694 588
Profit from equity-accounted investments                                      (12 972 849)                  (5 829 508)
Fines                                                                               8 775                        3 345
Donations                                                                          59 862                       30 448
Government grant                                                                 (189 808)                    (189 808)
Share options                                                                     651 088                      797 838
Capitalised finance and transaction costs                                         151 786                      151 786
                                                                                3 029 811                   13 697 584

No provision has been made by the company for 2019 or 2018 taxation as the company has no taxable income. The estimated
taxation loss available for set-off against future taxable income for the company is R117 244 927 (2018: R108 776 384).

20. TAXATION PAID
                                                                                                 GROUP
                                                                                     2019                         2018
                                                                                        R                            R
Balance at the beginning of the year                                             (307 491)                    (408 615)
Current taxation for the period recognised in profit or loss                   (2 280 244)                 (12 371 189)
Balance at the end of the period                                               (1 175 731)                     307 491
                                                                               (3 763 466)                 (12 472 313)
21. JOINT ARRANGEMENTS
Joint ventures
The following table lists all of the joint ventures in the group:
                                                                                                 GROUP

                                                                     % ownership       % ownership     Carrying       Carrying 
                                                                        interest          interest       amount         amount 
                                                                            2019              2018         2019           2018
Name of company                                                                R                 R            R              R
Cato Ridge Quarry Proprietary Limited                                      50,00             50,00      120 552        120 552

SepHold, on behalf of the group, entered into a joint venture agreement during the prior year. Umhlali Quarry Proprietary
Limited transferred 50% of its interest in Cato Ridge Quarry Proprietary Limited as per the signed quarry agreement. The
percentage ownership interest is equal to the percentage voting rights in this case. There were no additional costs incurred 
during the year under review.

22. RISK MANAGEMENT
Capital risk management
The group's objectives when managing capital are to safeguard the group's ability to continue as a going concern in order to 
provide returns for shareholders and benefits for other stakeholders and to maintain an optimal capital structure.

The capital structure of the group consists of cash and cash equivalents disclosed in note 3, borrowings disclosed in note 16 
and equity disclosed in the statement of financial position.

There are no externally imposed capital requirements.

There have been no changes to what the group manages as capital, the strategy for capital maintenance, or externally imposed 
capital requirements from the previous year.

Liquidity risk
The group's risk to liquidity is a result of the funds available to cover future commitments. The group manages liquidity
risk through an ongoing review of future commitments and credit facilities.

Cash flow forecasts are prepared and adequate utilised borrowing facilities are monitored.

The tables that follow analyse the group's financial liabilities into relevant maturity groupings based on the remaining period 
at the reporting date to the contractual maturity date. The amounts disclosed in the table are the contractual undiscounted 
cash flows. Balances due within 12 months equal their carrying balances as the impact of discounting is not significant.

                                                                                                 GROUP
                                                                                Less than                  Between one 
                                                                                 one year                and two years
                                                                                        R                            R
2019
Other financial liabilities                                                    50 327 445                   81 834 460
Trade and other payables                                                       66 987 596                            -
Bank overdraft                                                                  4 730 432                            -

2018
Other financial liabilities                                                    55 471 999                  131 328 293
Trade and other payables                                                       67 268 666                            -
Bank overdraft                                                                  6 695 456                            -

Interest rate risk
The company and group are exposed to interest rate risk through their variable rate cash balances, as well as their other
financial liabilities. Surplus cash flows exposed to interest rate risk are placed with institutions and facilities which
yield the highest rate of return.

An interest rate sensitivity analysis is set out below. The analysis indicates the financial assets and liabilities which
are sensitive to interest rate fluctuations and the profit or loss and taxation effects of possible changes in interest
rates to which the financial assets are linked.

At 31 March 2019, if interest rates on cash and cash equivalents had been 1% higher/lower with all other variables held
constant, pretaxation profit of the group for the year would have been R225 368 (2018: R614 617) higher/lower, mainly as a
result of higher/lower interest income on funds invested on call. The resulting taxation effect would have been R63 103
(2018: R172 093).

At 31 March 2019, if interest rates on borrowings had been 1% higher/lower with all other variables held constant,
pretaxation profit of the group would have been R1 576 920 (2018: R2 199 985) lower/higher, as a result of higher/lower
interest expense on floating rate borrowings. The resulting taxation effect would have been R441 537 (2018: R615 996).

Cash flow interest rate risk
                                                                               Current        Due in less        Due in one to
                                                                         interest rate        than a year            two years
                                                                                     %                  R                    R
Financial instrument                                                                            
Cash in current banking institutions                                              5,00          2 710 838                    -
Overdraft facilities used                                                        10,00          4 730 432                    -
Floating rate financial liabilities - Facility A                                 11,15                  -           80 000 000
Floating rate financial liabilities - Facility B                                 10,48         40 721 109                    -

Credit risk
Credit risk is managed on a group basis. Credit risk consists of cash deposits, cash equivalents, other financial assets,
trade and loans receivable, loan commitments and financial guarantees. The company only deposits cash with major banks
with high-quality credit standing and limits exposure to any one counterparty.

The credit risk is managed on a group basis based on the group's credit risk management policies and procedures. Credit
risk is the risk of financial loss to the company if a customer or counterparty to a financial instrument fails to meet
its contractual obligations.

Credit risk for exposures other than those arising on cash and cash equivalents are managed by making use of credit
approvals, limits and monitoring. The company only deals with reputable counterparties with consistent payment histories.
Sufficient collateral or guarantees are also obtained when necessary. Each counterparty is analysed individually for
creditworthiness before terms and conditions are offered. The analysis involves making use of information submitted by the
counterparties as well as external bureau data (where available). Counterparty credit limits are in place and are reviewed
and approved by credit management committees. The exposure to credit risk and the creditworthiness of counterparties is
continuously monitored.

Trade receivables consist of a large number of customers in various industries. Due to a number of hardships experience in
the construction industry over the last year management increased is risk management efforts on trade receivables by
obtaining risk cover from CGIC for insurable customers.

Credit risk exposure arising on cash and cash equivalents is managed by the group through dealing with well-established
financial institutions with high credit ratings.

Credit loss allowances for expected credit losses are recognised for all debt instruments, but excluding those measured at
fair value through profit or loss. Credit loss allowances are also recognised for loan commitments and financial guarantee
contracts.

In order to calculate credit loss allowances, management determines whether the loss allowances should be calculated on a
12-month or on a lifetime expected credit loss basis. This determination depends on whether there has been a significant
increase in the credit risk since initial recognition. If there has been a significant increase in credit risk, then the
loss allowance is calculated based on lifetime expected credit losses. If not, then the loss allowance is based on 12-
month expected credit losses. This determination is made at the end of each financial period. Thus the basis of the loss
allowance for a specific financial asset could change year on year.

Management applies the principle that if a financial asset's credit risk is low at year end, then, by implication, the
credit risk has not increased significantly since initial recognition. In all such cases, the loss allowance is based on
12-month expected credit losses. Credit risk is assessed as low if there is a low risk of default (where default is
defined as occurring when amounts are 90 days past due). When determining the risk of default, management considers
information such as payment history to date, industry in which the customer is employed, period for which the customer has
been employed, external credit references, etc.

In any event, if amounts are 30 days past due, then the credit risk is assumed to have increased significantly since
initial recognition. Credit risk is not assessed to be low simply because of the value of collateral associated with a
financial instrument. If the instrument would not have a low credit risk in the absence of collateral, then the credit
risk is not considered low when taking the collateral into account. Trade receivable and contract assets which do not
contain a significant financing component are the exceptions and are discussed below.

For trade receivables and contract assets which do not contain a significant financing component, the loss allowance is
determined as the lifetime expected credit losses of the instruments. For all other trade receivables, IFRS 9 permits the
determination of the credit loss allowance by either determining whether there was a significant increase in credit risk
since initial recognition or by always making use of lifetime expected credit losses. Management has chosen to make use of
lifetime expected credit losses as an accounting policy. Management does therefore not make the annual assessment of
whether the credit risk has increased significantly since initial recognition for trade receivables, contract assets or
lease receivables.

The maximum exposure to credit risk is presented in the table below:

                                                              2019                                        2018
                                              Gross         Credit      Amortised          Gross        Credit       Amortised
                                           carrying           loss      cost/fair       carrying          loss       cost/fair
                                             amount      allowance          value         amount     allowance           value
                                                  R              R              R              R             R               R
Trade and other receivables             100 849 007     (1 679 260)    99 170 747    133 331 514    (6 000 000)    127 331 514
Cash and cash equivalents                 2 823 868              -      2 823 868     10 510 169             -      10 510 169
                                        103 672 875     (1 679 260)   101 994 615    143 841 683    (6 000 000)    137 841 683

The carrying amount of financial assets represents the maximum exposure to credit risk. 

Financial assets exposed to credit risk are as follows:
                                                                                                 GROUP
                                                                                     2019                         2018
Financial instrument                                                                    R                            R
Other financial assets                                                         10 918 381                    8 459 008
Trade and other receivables                                                    96 911 756                  130 888 707
Cash and cash equivalents                                                       2 824 838                   10 510 169
Long-term loans                                                                         -                    2 000 000

23. STATED CAPITAL
                                                                                                 GROUP
                                                                                     2019                         2018
                                                                                        R                            R
Authorised
1 000 000 000 ordinary shares with no par value

Issued - ordinary shares with no par value
206 342 821 (2018: 202 969 487) shares at the beginning of the period         644 443 723                  635 403 188
1 873 354 (2018: 3 373 334) shares issued during the period                     3 559 372                    9 040 535
208 216 175 (2018: 206 342 821) shares at the end of the period               648 003 095                  644 443 723

The total number of 1 873 354 shares for a value of R1,90 issued during the current year was related to share options. A total 
number of 2 294 551 shares issued during the prior year at a value of R2,68 for a cash amount of R6 149 397 relates to share 
options that were exercised by employees and directors. Of the issued share capital, a number of 2 582 200 shares relate to 
unsold exercised shares at a value of R1,90 (1 873 354 shares) and R2,68 (708 846 shares).

The unissued ordinary shares are under the control of the directors.

24. GOING CONCERN
The financial statements have been prepared on the basis of accounting policies applicable to a going concern. This basis
presumes that funds will be available to finance future operations and that the realisation of assets and settlement of
liabilities, contingent obligations and commitments will occur in the ordinary course of business.

25. EVENTS AFTER THE REPORTING PERIOD
The directors are not aware of any material fact or circumstance arising between the end of the financial year and the
date of this report that would require adjustments to or disclosure in the annual financial statements.

26. CHANGES TO THE BOARD
Mr. PM Makwana resigned from his position as an independent non-executive director and member of the audit and risk
committee with effect from 1 October 2018. He was a board member for five years and nine months. Mr. Makwana's resignation
followed an appointment as a non-executive director and chairperson of another board which will require a significant
proportion of his time.

On 12 November 2018 and 30 November 2018 Ms Rose Raisibe Matjiu and Mr. Kenneth Capes resigned from the board as non-executive
director and executive director respectively. Kenneth will continue to consult to the group on business development matters 
as and when required.

27. COMPANY SECRETARY
There were no changes to the Company Secretary during the interim reporting period under review.

AUDITORS' REPORT

The summarised financial information included in this announcement is extracted from audited information but is not itself
audited. The full annual financial statements are available on the company website. www.sephakuholdings.com.

The directors take full responsibility for the preparation of the summarised financial information and that it has been
correctly extracted from the underlying annual financial statements.

The underlying financial statements have been audited by the group's external auditors, BDO South Africa Incorporated. A
copy of their unqualified report, as well as the annual financial statements, are available for inspection at the
company's registered office.The auditor's report does not necessarily report on all of the information contained in this announcement.
Shareholders are therefore advised that in order to obtain a full understanding of the nature of the auditor's engagement 
they should obtain a copy of the auditor's report together with the accompanying financial information from the company's registered office. 

Any reference to operational or future financial performance included in this announcement, has not been reviewed or
reported on by the company's auditors.

The auditors' report does not necessarily cover all of the information contained in this announcement. Shareholders are
therefore advised that in order to obtain a full understanding of the nature of the auditors' work, they should obtain a
copy of that report together with the accompanying financial information from the registered office of the company.



By the order of the board

NR Crafford-Lazarus                              Dr L Mohuba
Financial director                               Chief executive officer

Sakhile Ndlovu
Investor relations officer
Email: info@sepman.co.za
Telephone: +27 12 612 0210

JSE sponsor
QuestCo Corporate Advisory Proprietary Limited
Telephone: +27 11 011 9200
Centurion, South Africa 
26 June 2019

CORPORATE INFORMATION

Directors        
B Williams^ (chairman)
MJ Janse van Rensburg^
B Bulo^
MM Ngoasheng^- 
Dr L Mohuba* (chief executive officer) 
NR Crafford-Lazarus* (financial director)
*Executive   ^Independent    -Alternate   >Non-executive

Company secretary        
Acorim Proprietary Limited
13th Floor, Illovo Point, 68 Melville Rd, Illovo, Sandton, 2196 
Telephone: +27 11 325 6363

Registered office        
Southdowns Office Park First floor, Block A
Corner Karee and John Vorster Streets Irene, X54, 0062
Telephone: +27 12 612 0210

Transfer secretaries        
Computershare Investor Services Proprietary Limited
Rosebank Towers, 15 Biermann Avenue, Rosebank, Johannesburg, 2196 
PO Box 61051, Marshalltown, 2107, South Africa
Telephone: +27 11 370 5000

ABOUT SEPHAKU HOLDINGS LIMITED
Sephaku Holdings Limited is a building and construction materials company with a portfolio of investments in the cement
and mixed concrete sectors in South Africa. The company's core investments are a 36% stake in Dangote Cement South Africa
(Pty) Ltd and 100% in Metier Mixed Concrete (Pty) Ltd. SepHold's strategy is to generate income and realise value for
shareholders through the production of cement and ready mixed concrete in Southern Africa.

www.sephakuholdings.com

Date: 26/06/2019 07:05:00 Produced by the JSE SENS Department. The SENS service is an information dissemination service administered by the JSE Limited ('JSE'). 
The JSE does not, whether expressly, tacitly or implicitly, represent, warrant or in any way guarantee the truth, accuracy or completeness of
 the information published on SENS. The JSE, their officers, employees and agents accept no liability for (or in respect of) any direct, 
indirect, incidental or consequential loss or damage of any kind or nature, howsoever arising, from the use of SENS or the use of, or reliance on,
 information disseminated through SENS.

Email this JSE Sens Item to a Friend.

Share This Story