AVI LIMITED - Results for the year ended 30 June 2018

Release Date: 10/09/2018 07:05
Code(s): AVI
 
Wrap Text
Results for the year ended 30 June 2018

AVI Limited
Share code: AVI 
ISIN: ZAE000049433 
Registration number: 1944/017201/06
("AVI" or "the Group" or "the Company")

RESULTS FOR THE YEAR ENDED 30 JUNE 2018

For more information, please visit our website: http://www.avi.co.za/investor/results-and-presentations/current-year/

KEY FEATURES
- Profit growth in a challenging demand environment                                           
- Carefully balanced value versus volume across key categories                                
- Revenue up 1,9% to R13,44 billion                                                           
- Gross profit margin recovery in line with easing of Rand driven cost pressures              
- Operating profit up 7,0% to R2,55 billion                                                   
- Cash generated by operations up 16,1% to R2,69 billion                                      
- Capital expenditure to grow and sustain our businesses of R419,9 million                    
- Return on capital employed increased to 28,7%                                               
- Headline earnings per share up 7,0% to 543,1 cents                                          
- Final dividend of 260 cents per share, total normal dividend up 7,4% to 435 cents per share    
- Special dividend of 250 cents per share                                            

GROUP OVERVIEW
Revenue growth for the 2018 financial year was constrained by a challenging trading environment. Poor consumer demand
and aggressive competition limited volume growth in many of our key categories. Our consumers have been impacted by a
prolonged period of price inflation driven by the effect of the weaker Rand on input costs, the VAT increase and higher
fuel prices, and compounded by the impact of job losses. 

Group revenue rose by 1,9% largely due to the annualisation of selling price increases taken during the prior
financial year, partially offset by lower sales volumes in some categories. Selling price increases were only taken in
categories affected by specific raw material cost pressures and in most cases, selling prices were maintained throughout 
the year to support sales volumes.

Despite lower price inflation and limited gains in sales volumes, the ongoing efforts to reduce procurement costs and
improve factory efficiencies supported an improvement in the consolidated gross profit margin for the year. Improved
exchange rates compared to last year and benign inflation in our basket of key raw materials priced in foreign currencies
contributed further to this improvement. Selling and administrative costs were tightly managed and benefited from the
restructuring initiatives completed in the prior financial year. All business units achieved operating profit growth and
the Group's consolidated operating profit margin improved over the prior year.

Both Entyce and Snackworks delivered sound operating profit growth in the context of the tough trading environment,
with particularly pleasing performances from the tea and snacks categories underpinning growth for the year. I&J had a
strong second semester supported by improved fishing and cost savings, resulting in good growth in operating profit 
despite the adverse impact of a stronger Rand on export sales. Indigo Brands delivered a solid performance in a highly
competitive category. Spitz achieved good full year profit growth, notwithstanding a subdued second half with footwear 
sales volumes under pressure following a very strong December performance. 

Green Cross had a disappointing year. However, the business remains profitable and cash generative and the operational
changes made during the year will significantly improve core operating performance and working capital levels. A
further impairment of R108,0 million after tax has been made against this investment in recognition of the extended 
period it will take to return the business to acceptable profitability from the current base. The impairment will be 
recorded as a non-cash capital item.

Headline earnings rose 7,8%, from R1,65 billion to R1,77 billion, with the growth in operating profit and lower
finance costs partially offset by a decline in earnings from I&J's Australian joint venture. Headline earnings per share
increased 7,0% from 507,7 cents to 543,1 cents with a 0,7% increase in the weighted average number of shares in issue 
due to the vesting of employee share options, including the AVI Black Staff Empowerment Scheme.

Cash generated by operations, before working capital changes, increased 10,7% to R3,03 billion. Working capital rose
R339,3 million, mostly due to an increase in debtors' payments deferred to the first business day in July. Capital
expenditure of R419,9 million, which included capacity and efficiency projects in the manufacturing operations as well 
as new and refurbished stores in the retail businesses, was lower than last year with the finalisation and approval of 
several factory improvement projects taking longer than expected. Other material cash outflows during the period were 
dividends of R1,42 billion and taxation of R620,9 million. Net debt at the end of June 2018 was R1,27 billion compared 
to R1,44 billion at the end of June 2017.

DIVIDEND 
AVI has maintained a normal dividend payout ratio of 80% of diluted headline earnings. In line with this a final
dividend of 260 cents per share has been declared, bringing the total normal dividend for the year to 
435 cents, an increase of 7,4% on last year.

In addition, in line with AVI's ongoing commitment to return excess cash to shareholders, the Board has approved a
special dividend of 250 cents per share.

SEGMENTAL REVIEW
Year ended 30 June
                                    Segmental revenue                      Segmental operating profit
                                2018          2017           %             2018         2017           %    
                                  Rm            Rm      change               Rm           Rm      change    
                                                                                                            
Food & Beverage brands      10 282,5      10 076,0         2,1          1 922,6      1 790,6         7,4    
Entyce Beverages             3 834,1       3 757,1         2,1            792,6        735,1         7,8    
Snackworks                   3 960,8       3 956,2         0,1            705,0        666,4         5,8    
I&J                          2 487,6       2 362,7         5,3            425,0        389,1         9,2    
Fashion brands               3 155,0       3 108,6         1,5            645,0        607,5         6,2    
Personal Care                1 190,6       1 194,5        (0,3)           250,3        241,5         3,6    
Footwear & Apparel           1 964,4       1 914,1         2,6            394,7        366,0         7,8    
Corporate                          -             -                        (15,1)       (12,8)               
Group                       13 437,5      13 184,6         1,9          2 552,5      2 385,3         7,0    


Entyce Beverages 
Revenue increased 2,1% to R3,83 billion while operating profit increased 7,8% to R792,6 million with the operating
profit margin at 20,7% compared to 19,6% in the prior year.

Tea revenue grew by 5,4% due mainly to selling price increases taken in the current and prior financial years in
response to higher rooibos and black tea prices, offset by a 1,8% decrease in volumes. The premium Five Roses and 
Freshpak tea brands continued to perform well considering the significant price inflation over the last three years. 
An improved gross profit margin reflects some recovery of accumulated pressure in the first semester, with the second 
semester gross profit margin in line with last year. Together with well-controlled selling and administrative costs, 
including savings from the restructuring completed in the prior financial year, this resulted in good growth in 
operating profit and an improved operating profit margin.

Coffee revenue and operating profit were lower than last year, due mainly to significant pressure on mixed instant
volumes from sustained aggressive competitor activity. This was partially offset by growth from the Hug In A Mug 
speciality coffee range. Price points for our mixed instant coffee brands were reduced late in the first semester 
resulting in improved demand in the second half of the year, albeit at lower margins. Overall Coffee profit and 
profit margins remain healthy. 

Creamer performance for the year was solid, with effective promotional activity and full distribution of the new 
800 gram pack format resulting in sales volume growth despite aggressive competitor activity. Raw material cost 
pressures abated in line with better import exchange rates achieved, resulting in an improvement in gross profit 
margin. Operating profit and operating profit margin both showed good improvement over last year.

Snackworks
Revenue of R3,96 billion was 0,1% higher than last year while operating profit rose 5,8%, from R666,4 million to
R705,0 million. The operating profit margin increased from 16,8% to 17,8%.

Biscuits revenue decreased by 1,7% due to a 5,8% decrease in sales volumes, with constrained consumers migrating to
lower priced offerings, partially offset by higher prices attributable to increases implemented in the prior 
financial year. Raw material cost pressures abated with lower wheat prices and better import exchange rates partially 
offset by high butter prices, helping to offset the impact of lower volumes and resulting in a slight increase in the 
gross profit margin. Operating profit for the year increased marginally despite the lower sales volumes and limited 
price increases, with tightly controlled selling and administrative costs, including savings from the restructuring 
completed in the prior financial year, resulting in an increase in operating profit margin.

Snacks revenue grew 5,9% due mainly to price increases implemented in the prior financial year and a small increase 
in sales volumes. Gross profit margin improved with better import exchange rates achieved and lower maize prices
offsetting other cost pressures. Selling and administrative costs were well controlled, contributing to strong growth 
in operating profit for the year.

I&J
Revenue increased by 5,3% from R2,36 billion to R2,49 billion while operating profit increased from R389,1 million 
to R425,0 million. The operating profit margin increased from 16,5% to 17,1%.

Revenue growth stems from higher sales volumes and higher selling prices in domestic and export markets, partially
offset by lower Rand exchange rates achieved on export sales in line with the strengthening of the Rand. Sales 
volumes increased, despite lower quota, due to the non-recurrence of the unprotected strike in August 2016, improved 
fishing in the second half and higher volumes of non-hake products.

Operating profit increased despite the stronger Rand due to non-recurrence of the unprotected strike in August 2016
and higher unrealised foreign exchange gains, supported by sound performance from the fishing and processing 
operations and good focus on cost-savings initiatives over the year. 

Abalone profit declined as the stronger Rand reduced current period revenue and resulted in a smaller fair value
adjustment to the value of live abalone on hand at the end of the year.

Personal Care
Indigo's revenue from owned brands grew by 2,7% due to volume growth from gains in market share in key categories and
price increases implemented in the last financial year. Total revenue, including service fees and sales of product
manufactured for Coty, decreased by 0,3%. Export sales volumes declined with less launch activity and disruption in 
several markets resulting from import restrictions and local currency weakness. This offset operating profit growth 
in the domestic market, resulting in a 3,6% increase in operating profit for the year. The operating profit margin 
increased from 20,2% to 21,0%.

Footwear & Apparel 
The Footwear & Apparel category increased revenue by 2,6% to R1,96 billion while operating profit increased by 7,8%
from R366,0 million to R394,7 million. The operating profit margin increased from 19,1% to 20,1%.

The Spitz business grew revenue by 3,3% as a result of higher prices on non-core ranges. Selling prices of core 
ranges have not been increased since April 2016, supporting demand and a strong December performance. After achieving 
growth in the first semester, sales volumes were subdued in the second semester and full year volumes were slightly 
lower than last year. Gross profit margin improved in line with better exchange rates achieved and selling and 
administrative costs included savings from restructuring work completed last year. Consequently, operating profit for 
the year grew by 11,7% from R339,9 million to R379,6 million, and the operating profit margin improved from 22,7% to 
24,6%.

Green Cross operating profit declined from R26,8 million to R6,2 million primarily due to poor performance of new
ranges in the retail doors which resulted in a decline in sales volumes as well as gross profit margin, compounded 
by the ongoing decline in the wholesale channel. Costs were well controlled but savings were insufficient to offset 
the decline in sales volumes and gross profit margin. A further impairment of R108,0 million after tax has been made 
against this investment in recognition of the extended period it will take to return the business to acceptable 
profitability from the current base. 

During the year, reporting lines for key activities in Green Cross were changed to provide direct oversight from the
Spitz management team and we are optimistic that this will yield material improvements in merchandise planning, stock
turn over and retail trading densities. Cash flow for the period was positive due mainly to a reduction in stock 
levels and we do not foresee that Green Cross will require material funding through a period of recovery as cash will 
be generated from the reduction of high inventory levels and capital expenditure requirements are low.

OUTLOOK
The trading environment is expected to remain difficult in the next financial year, with the current pressures on
consumer spending likely to be compounded by the cumulative impact of ongoing job losses in both the private and 
public sectors. Our expectation is that many of our categories are likely to have low, or even negative, growth 
rates until there is a meaningful improvement in the economy. If recent Rand weakness persists, we will see import 
cost increases in the second semester that will be difficult to recover in a constrained environment, resulting in 
pressure on profit margins. Notwithstanding this, our brands remain healthy and appealing to many consumers and a 
good portion of the new financial year's import requirements have been covered at rates that support good levels of 
profitability. We will continue to react quickly to market changes as we pursue the most appropriate balance of 
price, sales volumes and profit margins for each of our brands.

We will sustain investment that underpins our manufacturing capacity, product quality and service levels. In addition
to the savings being realised from restructuring completed in the prior and current financial years, we will continue 
to review organisational structures and fixed overhead costs to improve operational effectiveness and reduce our cost
base. AVI International, supported by our South African manufacturing capabilities, remains focused on steadily 
building our brands' shares in export markets while sustaining strong profit margins.

I&J's prospects remain materially dependent on fishing performance and exchange rates. Excluding the impact of weather
conditions, catch rates on the freezer vessels have improved in the last few months and, if sustained, should result in
good sales volumes to well-priced export markets. Export exchange rates secured for the year are at levels that support
sound profitability and the more recent Rand weakness provides upside potential. The hake long-term rights application
process, to allocate rights from 2021, should commence formally during the next year, but is not expected to impact on
operations in this financial year.

The Board is confident that AVI remains well positioned to compete effectively; prudently manage fixed and variable
costs; and, recognising the challenging environment, be alert for appropriate acquisition opportunities both 
domestically and regionally.

The above outlook statements have not been reviewed or reported on by AVI's auditors.
              
Gavin Tipper            Simon Crutchley
Chairman                CEO
10 September 2018


ABRIDGED SUMMARISED CONSOLIDATED BALANCE SHEET
                                                                           Audited at 30 June
                                                                           2018            2017    
                                                                             Rm              Rm    
Assets                                                                                             
Non-current assets                                                                                 
Property, plant and equipment                                           3 403,6         3 480,8    
Intangible assets and goodwill                                            926,2           994,0    
Investments                                                               360,0           376,9    
Deferred taxation                                                          24,3            24,1    
                                                                        4 714,1         4 875,8    
Current assets                                                                                     
Inventories and biological assets                                       2 165,4         2 068,8    
Trade and other receivables including derivatives                       2 442,3         2 074,9    
Cash and cash equivalents                                                 342,8           246,7    
                                                                        4 950,5         4 390,4

Total assets                                                            9 664,6         9 266,2    
Equity and liabilities                                                                             
Capital and reserves                                                    5 146,4         4 851,7    
Total equity                                                            5 146,4         4 851,7    

Non-current liabilities                                                                            
Cash-settled share-based payment liability                                 38,9               -    
Operating lease straight-line liabilities                                  14,3            12,8    
Employee benefit liabilities                                              382,3           379,7    
Deferred taxation                                                         389,2           375,6    
                                                                          824,7           768,1    
Current liabilities                                                                                
Current borrowings                                                      1 612,6         1 690,8    
Trade and other payables including derivatives                          2 031,8         1 925,8    
Current tax liabilities                                                    49,1            29,8    
                                                                        3 693,5         3 646,4    
Total equity and liabilities                                            9 664,6         9 266,2    
                                                                                                   
Net debt*                                                               1 269,8         1 444,1    
Return on capital employed (%)**                                           28,7            28,0    
* Comprises current borrowings less cash and cash equivalents.
**Operating profit before capital items and after taxation, as a percentage of average capital employed.


ABRIDGED SUMMARISED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENT OF COMPREHENSIVE INCOME
                                                                                Audited
                                                                          year ended 30 June
                                                                           2018            2017            %    
                                                                             Rm              Rm       change    
Revenue                                                                13 437,5        13 184,6          1,9    
Cost of sales                                                          (7 498,0)       (7 422,4)         1,0    
Gross profit                                                            5 939,5         5 762,2          3,1    
Selling and administrative expenses                                    (3 387,0)       (3 376,9)         0,3    
Operating profit before capital items                                   2 552,5         2 385,3          7,0    
Interest received                                                           5,7             5,1         11,8    
Finance costs                                                           (132,4)          (157,5)       (15,9)   
Share of equity accounted earnings of joint ventures                       56,3            63,2        (10,9)   
Capital items                                                            (136,6)         (127,5)         7,1    
Profit before taxation                                                  2 345,5         2 168,6          8,2    
Taxation                                                                 (669,7)         (615,4)         8,8    
Profit for the year                                                     1 675,8         1 553,2          7,9    
Profit attributable to:                                                                                         
Owners of AVI                                                           1 675,8         1 553,2          7,9    
                                                                        1 675,8         1 553,2          7,9    
Other comprehensive income/(loss), net of tax                              33,0           (59,2)                 
Items that are or may be subsequently reclassified to profit or loss                                            
Foreign currency translation differences                                    3,8           (37,5)                 
Cash flow hedging reserve                                                  29,0            (8,7)                 
Taxation on items that are or may be subsequently reclassified                                       
to profit or loss                                                          (8,1)            2,4                 
Items that will never be reclassified to profit or loss                                                         
Actuarial gain/(loss) recognised                                           11,5           (21,4)                 
Taxation on items that will never be reclassified to profit or loss        (3,2)            6,0                 
Total comprehensive income for the year                                 1 708,8         1 494,0         14,4    
Total comprehensive income attributable to:                                                                     
Owners of AVI                                                           1 708,8         1 494,0         14,4    
                                                                        1 708,8         1 494,0         14,4    
Depreciation and amortisation included in operating profit                412,9           397,4          3,9    
Earnings per share                                                                                              
Basic earnings per share (cents)#                                         513,1           479,0          7,1    
Diluted earnings per share (cents)##                                      510,1           475,2          7,3    
Headline earnings per share (cents)#                                      543,1           507,7          7,0    
Diluted headline earnings per share (cents)##                             540,0           503,6          7,2    
#  Basic earnings and headline earnings per share are calculated on a weighted average of 326 624 426 
   (30 June 2017: 324 230 182) ordinary shares in issue.
##  Diluted earnings and diluted headline earnings per share are calculated on a weighted average of 328 520 186 
    (30 June 2017: 326 828 137) ordinary shares in issue.


ABRIDGED SUMMARISED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENT OF CASH FLOWS
                                                                                Audited
                                                                            year ended 30 June
                                                                           2018            2017            %    
                                                                             Rm              Rm       change    
Operating activities                                                                                            
Cash generated by operations                                            2 691,9         2 318,6         16,1    
Interest paid                                                            (132,4)         (157,5)       (15,9)   
Taxation paid                                                            (620,9)         (546,7)        13,6    
Net cash available from operating activities                            1 938,6         1 614,4         20,1    

Investing activities                                                                                            
Interest received                                                           5,7             5,1         11,8    
Property, plant and equipment acquired                                   (419,9)         (545,6)       (23,0)   
Additions to intangible assets                                            (14,6)           (2,3)       534,8    
Proceeds from disposals of property, plant and equipment                   14,8            18,0        (17,8)   
Contributions to Enterprise and Supplier Development initiatives           (8,6)              -        100,0    
Cash flows from joint ventures                                             83,9            79,1          6,1    
Net cash used in investing activities                                    (338,7)         (445,7)       (24,0)   

Financing activities                                                                                            
Proceeds from shareholder funding                                          59,9            63,3         (5,4)   
Short-term funding repaid                                                 (78,2)          (46,9)        66,7    
Payment to I&J BBBEE shareholders                                         (65,0)              -        100,0    
Ordinary dividends paid                                                (1 421,3)       (1 244,5)        14,2    
Net cash used in financing activities                                  (1 504,6)       (1 228,1)        22,5    

Increase/(decrease) in cash and cash equivalents                           95,3           (59,4)      (260,4)   
Cash and cash equivalents at beginning of year                            246,7           309,1        (20,2)   
                                                                          342,0           249,7         37,0    
Translation of cash equivalents of foreign subsidiaries                     0,8            (3,0)      (126,7)   
Cash and cash equivalents at end of year                                  342,8           246,7         39,0    

Movement in net debt                                                                                            
Opening balance                                                         1 444,1         1 428,6          1,1    
Short-term funding repaid                                                 (78,2)          (46,9)                
(Increase)/decrease in cash and cash equivalents                          (95,3)           59,4                 
Translation of cash equivalents of foreign subsidiaries                    (0,8)            3,0                 
Net debt                                                                1 269,8         1 444,1        (12,1)   


ABRIDGED SUMMARISED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CHANGES IN EQUITY
                                                          Share                                                                      
                                                        capital                                                     I&J              
                                                            and      Treasury                  Retained           BBBEE         Total
                                                        premium        shares    Reserves      earnings    shareholders        equity
                                                             Rm            Rm          Rm            Rm              Rm            Rm
Year ended 30 June 2018                                                                                                              
Balance at 1 July 2017                                    280,3        (541,9)      449,9       4 666,1            (2,7)      4 851,7
Profit for the year                                           -             -           -       1 675,8               -       1 675,8
Other comprehensive income                                                                                                           
Foreign currency translation differences                      -             -         3,8             -               -           3,8
Actuarial gains recognised, net of tax                        -             -         8,3             -               -           8,3
Cash flow hedging reserve, net of tax                         -             -        20,9             -               -          20,9
Total other comprehensive income                              -             -        33,0             -               -          33,0
Total comprehensive income for the year                       -             -        33,0       1 675,8               -       1 708,8
Transactions with owners, recorded directly in equity                                                                               -
Share-based payments                                          -             -        37,0             -               -          37,0
Group share scheme recharge                                   -             -        14,2             -               -          14,2
Dividends paid                                                -             -           -      (1 421,3)              -      (1 421,3)
Own ordinary shares sold by AVI Share Trusts                  -          55,4           -           4,5               -          59,9
I&J BBBEE shareholders                                        -             -           -             -          (103,9)       (103,9)
Total contributions by and distributions to owners            -          55,4        51,2      (1 416,8)         (103,9)     (1 414,1)
Balance at 30 June 2018                                   280,3        (486,5)      534,1       4 925,1          (106,6)      5 146,4

Year ended 30 June 2017                                                                                                              
Balance at 1 July 2016                                    114,3        (435,9)      459,4       4 354,4            (2,7)      4 489,5
Profit for the year                                           -             -           -       1 553,2               -       1 553,2
Other comprehensive loss                                                                                                             
Foreign currency translation differences                      -             -       (37,5)            -               -         (37,5)
Actuarial losses recognised, net of tax                       -             -       (15,4)            -               -         (15,4)
Cash flow hedging reserve, net of tax                         -             -        (6,3)            -               -          (6,3)
Total other comprehensive loss                                -             -       (59,2)            -               -         (59,2)
Total comprehensive income for the year                       -             -       (59,2)      1 553,2               -       1 494,0
Transactions with owners, recorded directly in equity                                                                                
Share-based payments                                          -             -        28,0             -               -          28,0
Group share scheme recharge                                                          21,4                                        21,4
Dividends paid                                                -             -           -      (1 244,5)              -      (1 244,5)
Issue of ordinary shares to AVI Share Trust               166,0        (166,0)          -             -               -             -
Own ordinary shares sold by AVI Share Trusts                  -          60,0           -           3,3               -          63,3
Transfer between reserves                                     -             -         0,3          (0,3)              -             -
Total contributions by and distributions to owners        166,0        (106,0)       49,7      (1 241,5)              -      (1 131,8)
Balance at 30 June 2017                                   280,3        (541,9)      449,9       4 666,1            (2,7)       4 851,7


NOTES TO THE ABRIDGED SUMMARISED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

For the year ended 30 June 2018
AVI Limited ('AVI'or the 'Company') is a South African registered company. These abridged summarised consolidated 
financial statements comprise the Company and its subsidiaries (together referred to as the 'Group') and the Group's 
interest in joint ventures.
1.  Basis of preparation
    The abridged summarised consolidated financial statements have been prepared in accordance with the 
    requirements of the JSE Limited Listings Requirements for abridged reports, and the requirements of the 
    Companies Act of South Africa applicable to summary financial statements. The Listings Requirements require 
    abridged reports to be prepared in accordance with the framework concepts and the measurement and recognition 
    requirements of International Financial Reporting Standards (IFRS) and the SAICA Financial Reporting Guides as 
    issued by the Accounting Practices Committee and Financial Pronouncements as issued by the Financial Reporting 
    Standards Council and also, as a minimum, to contain the information required by IAS 34 - Interim Financial 
    Reporting.      

    The accounting policies used in the preparation of the abridged summarised consolidated financial statements were 
    derived and are in terms of International Financial Reporting Standards and are consistent with those accounting 
    policies applied in the preparation of the previous consolidated annual financial statements.

    The abridged summarised consolidated financial statements are prepared in millions of South African Rands ('Rm') 
    on the historical cost basis, except for derivative financial instruments, biological assets and liabilities for 
    cash-settled share-based payment arrangements, which are measured at fair value.

    The Group has adopted the amendments to the following accounting standard in the preparation of these results,
    which became effective for the Group from 1 July 2017:

    Amendments to IAS 7 (Disclosure Initiative)
    The amendments provide for disclosure that enables users of financial statements to evaluate changes in liabilities 
    arising from financing activities, including both changes arising from cash flow and non-cash changes. This includes 
    providing a reconciliation between the opening and closing balances for liabilities arising from financing activities.

    The required disclosure has been provided in the annual consolidated financial statements. The implementation of the 
    amendments had no impact on the Group's results.

    The remaining standards, amendments and interpretations, which became effective in the period ended 30 June 2018 were 
    assessed for applicability to the Group and management concluded that they had no impact.

2.  Segmental results
                                                                              Audited
                                                                         year ended 30 June
                                                                         2018              2017           %    
                                                                           Rm                Rm      change    
    Segmental revenue                                                                                          
    Food & Beverage brands                                           10 282,5          10 076,0         2,1    
    Entyce Beverages                                                  3 834,1           3 757,1         2,1    
    Snackworks                                                        3 960,8           3 956,2         0,1    
    I&J                                                               2 487,6           2 362,7         5,3    
    Fashion brands                                                    3 155,0           3 108,6         1,5    
    Personal Care                                                     1 190,6           1 194,5        (0,3)   
    Footwear & Apparel                                                1 964,4           1 914,1         2,6    
    Group                                                            13 437,5          13 184,6         1,9    

    Segmental operating profit before capital items                                                            
    Food & Beverage brands                                            1 922,6           1 790,6         7,4    
    Entyce Beverages                                                    792,6             735,1         7,8    
    Snackworks                                                          705,0             666,4         5,8    
    I&J                                                                 425,0             389,1         9,2    
    Fashion brands                                                      645,0             607,5         6,2    
    Personal Care                                                       250,3             241,5         3,6    
    Footwear & Apparel                                                  394,7             366,0         7,8    
    Corporate and consolidation                                         (15,1)            (12,8)                
    Group                                                             2 552,5           2 385,3         7,0    
                                                                                     
3.  Determination of headline earnings
                                                                              Audited
                                                                          year ended 30 June
                                                                         2018              2017           %    
                                                                           Rm                Rm      change    
    Profit for the year attributable to owners of AVI                 1 675,8           1 553,2         7,9    
    Total capital items after taxation                                   98,1              92,8                
    Net gain on disposal of property, plant and equipment               (13,4)             (9,7)                
    Impairment of property, plant and equipment                             -               2,3                
    Impairment of Green Cross trademark*                                150,0             150,0                
    Joint venture capital profit                                            -            (15,1)                
    Taxation attributable to capital items                              (38,5)            (34,7)                
    Headline earnings                                                 1 773,9           1 646,0         7,8    
    Headline earnings per ordinary share (cents)                        543,1             507,7         7,0    
    Diluted headline earnings per ordinary share (cents)                540,0             503,6         7,2    
                                                                                                               
                                                                       Number            Number           %     
                                                                    of shares         of shares      change    
                                                                                                               
    Weighted average number of ordinary shares                    326 624 426       324 230 182         0,7    
    Weighted average diluted number of ordinary shares            328 520 186       326 828 137         0,5    
    *  The Green Cross trademark of R399,7 million was recognised on acquisition of the business on 1 March 2012. 
       An impairment loss of R150 million was recognised in the prior year, and a further impairment loss of 
       R150 million has been recognised in the current year, in consideration of the extended period it will 
       take to return the business to acceptable profitability from the current base.

4.  Cash generated by operations
                                                                              Audited
                                                                          year ended 30 June
                                                                         2018              2017           %    
                                                                           Rm                Rm      change    
    Cash generated by operations before working capital changes       3 031,2         2 738,4**        10,7    
    Change in working capital                                          (339,3)        (419,8)**       (19,2)   
    Cash generated by operations                                      2 691,9           2 318,6        16,1    

    ** Historically adjustments for non-cash items have taken into account the income statement charge for 
       incentive provisions and earnings-linked performance bonuses, as well as the current service cost 
       and interest cost relating to the Group's post-retirement medical aid obligation, without adjusting 
       for related cash payments. 

       This has been corrected in the current year, and the prior year has been restated. Accordingly, an 
       adjustment of R255,2 million has been processed between 'Cash generated by operations before working 
       capital changes' and 'Change in working capital' to more appropriately account for cash payments within
       'Cash generated by operations before working capital changes'. 'Cash generated by operations' remains 
       unchanged.      

5.  I&J Broad-Based Black Economic Empowerment ('BBBEE') transactions
    Previously the Company sold 20% of its shareholding in Irvin & Johnson Holding Company Proprietary Limited ('I&J') 
    to Main Street 198 Proprietary Limited ('Main Street'), a broad-based black empowered company with strong 
    commitments to the South African fishing industry. The I&J shareholders agreement provides for put and call options 
    between the Company and Main Street, the exercise price of which is determined by a fixed formula based on I&J's 
    earnings.

    During June 2018, the exercise date of the put and call options was extended from July 2018 to July 2022. As part 
    of the extension, a minimum guaranteed exercise price of R106,8 million was agreed with Main Street based on the 
    application of the fixed formula at 30 June 2018. R65,0 million of this minimum guaranteed amount was paid to 
    Main Street in June 2018 with the balance payable on exercise of the put and call options.

    The sale of the 20% interest to Main Street was an equity instrument that was considered to have fully vested in the 
    hands of the participants before 1 January 2005. Under the exemption offered by IFRS 1 - First-time Adoption of IFRS 
    the transaction was not accounted for as a share-based payment. The extension of the arrangement in the current year 
    has been treated as a modification within the scope of IFRS 2 - Share-based Payments. Prior to the extension AVI could 
    elect to settle the transaction in either shares or cash. The inclusion of the minimum guaranteed amount, however, 
    results in the modification of the transaction from an equity-settled share-based payment transaction to a cash-settled 
    share-based payment transaction. Accordingly, the payment of R65,0 million and present value of the remaining minimum 
    guaranteed amount have been recorded directly against equity as part of the modification of the previous equity-settled 
    arrangement, and a cash-settled share-based payment liability of R38,9 million recognised for the present value of the 
    remaining minimum guaranteed amount plus estimated dividends over the remaining period.       

6.  Commitments                                                                                      
                                                                                    Audited                 
                                                                               year ended 30 June
                                                                                2018         2017    
                                                                                  Rm           Rm    
    Capital expenditure commitments for property, plant and equipment          371,4        351,8    
    Contracted for                                                             143,3         97,6    
    Authorised but not contracted for                                          228,1        254,2    
                                                                                                     
    It is anticipated that this expenditure will be financed by cash resources, cash generated from operating activities 
    and existing borrowing facilities. Other contractual commitments have been entered into in the normal course of 
    business.

7.  Fair value classification and measurement

    The Group measures derivative foreign exchange contracts, fuel swaps and biological assets at fair value.
    The fair value of foreign exchange contracts and fuel swaps is determined using a forward pricing model with reference 
    to quotes from financial institutions. Significant inputs into the Level 2 fair value measurement include yield curves 
    as well as market interest rates and foreign exchange rates. The estimated fair values of recognised financial 
    instruments approximate their carrying amounts based on the nature or maturity period of the financial instruments.

    Biological assets comprise abalone which is farmed by I&J. These assets are disclosed as Level 3 financial instruments 
    with their fair value determined using a combination of the market comparison and cost technique as prescribed by IAS 41.

    There were no transfers between Levels 1, 2 or 3 of the fair value hierarchy during the year ended 30 June 2018.

    Further information about the assumptions made in measuring fair values is included in the consolidated financial 
    statements available at the Company's registered office.

8.  Post-balance sheet events
    No events that meet the requirements of IAS 10 have occurred since the balance sheet date.

9.  New standards and interpretations in issue not yet effective
    A number of new standards, amendments to standards and interpretations are not yet effective for the year ended 
    30 June 2018. These include the following standards and interpretations, and amendments to standards, that are applicable 
    to the business of the Group, and have not been applied in preparing these financial statements:

    IFRS 15 - Revenue from Contracts with Customers
    This standard combines, enhances and replaces specific guidance on recognising revenue with a single revenue standard that 
    introduces a new revenue recognition model for contracts with customers.   

    The core principle of IFRS 15 is that an entity will recognise revenue to depict the transfer of promised goods or services 
    to customers for an amount that reflects the consideration to which an entity expects to be entitled to in exchange for 
    those goods or services. The model features a contract-based five-step analysis of transactions to determine whether, how 
    much and when revenue is recognised.

    The standard is mandatory for accounting periods beginning on or after 1 January 2018 and will therefore be adopted by AVI 
    for the year ended 30 June 2019. The Group is planning to apply the standard retrospectively, recognising the cumulative 
    effect of initially applying the standard in retained earnings at the date of initial application on 1 July 2018.

    The Group has undertaken a detailed review of the main types of commercial arrangements with customers under the five-step 
    model of IFRS 15 and has concluded that the application of IFRS 15 will have the following indicative impact (based on the 
    results for the year ended 30 June 2018) on the presentation of the consolidated financial statements:
    (i)  An amount of R475,6 million in payments to customers currently treated as selling and distribution costs will be 
         reclassified as deductions from revenue due to clarity provided by IFRS 15 regarding 'identifiable' and 'separable' not 
         provided by IAS 18.
    (ii) An amount of R63,4 million relating to transport and insurance costs currently offset against revenue will be reallocated 
         to cost of sales due to clarity provided by IFRS 15 regarding agent versus principal.
    (iii)An amount of R305,5 million of accruals and provisions for payments to customers currently included in trade and other 
         payables will be offset against trade and other receivables due to clarity provided by IFRS 15 regarding 'identifiable' 
         and 'separable' not provided by IAS 18.

    The implementation of the new standard will not materially impact the measurement and timing of revenue recognition and 
    therefore no impact on retained earnings on 1 July 2018 is expected.

    IFRS 9 - Financial Instruments
    IFRS 9 addresses the accounting principles for the financial reporting of financial assets and financial liabilities, including 
    classification, measurement, impairment, derecognition and hedge accounting. IFRS 9 replaces earlier versions of IFRS 9 and 
    completes the IASB's project to replace IAS 39 - Financial Instruments: Recognition and Measurement.

    The standard is mandatory for accounting periods beginning on or after 1 January 2018 and will therefore be adopted by AVI for 
    the year ended 30 June 2019. The Group is planning to apply the standard retrospectively as at 1 July 2018, however, with no 
    restatement of comparative information for prior years. AVI has elected to retain the hedge accounting requirements of IAS 39.

    IFRS 9 replaces the current IAS 39 categories of financial assets with three principle classification categories - measured at
    amortised cost, fair value through other comprehensive income and fair value through profit or loss. Financial assets held by 
    the Group have been assessed, considering contractual cash flow characteristics and the business models for managing financial 
    assets. Based on the assessment, there will be no impact on the classification of financial assets as a result of the adoption 
    of IFRS 9.

    IFRS 9 replaces the 'incurred loss' model of IAS 39 with a forward looking 'expected credit loss' model to measure impairment 
    losses on financial assets. The majority of the Group's financial assets are trade receivables for which IFRS 9 requires the 
    simplified approach to be applied, measuring the impairment loss allowance based on lifetime expected credit loss. Further 
    to this, as a practical expedient, AVI has applied a provision matrix assessing historical credit losses per aged bucket of 
    trade debtors and overlaying this with AVI's assessment of general economic conditions to estimate expected future losses. The 
    implementation of IFRS 9 will result in a R4,5 million increase in the impairment loss allowance. This will be recognised 
    against retained earnings on 1 July 2018.

    IFRS 16 - Leases
    IFRS 16 sets out the principles for the recognition, measurement, presentation and disclosure of leases for both parties to a 
    contract, i.e. the customer ('lessee') and the supplier ('lessor'). IFRS 16 replaces the previous leases standard, IAS 17, and 
    related interpretations.

    IFRS 16 has one model for lessees which will result in leases previously classified as operating leases and recorded off-balance 
    sheet being capitalised on the balance sheet, requiring a lessee to recognise a right-of-use asset and a concomitant lease 
    liability. The standard will have the most significant impact in AVI's retail businesses which lease all their retail doors. 
    AVI does not have any finance leases.

    The standard is mandatory for accounting periods beginning on or after 1 January 2019, however the Group is planning to early 
    adopt the standard for the year ended 30 June 2019 with the date of initial application 1 July 2018. The Group is planning to 
    apply the standard retrospectively recognising the cumulative effect of initially applying the standard in retained earnings at 
    the date of initial application (modified retrospective approach).

    As part of the modified retrospective transition approach, AVI has elected to apply the practical expedient which allows single 
    discount rates to be applied to portfolios of leases with reasonably similar characteristics.

    As an accounting policy election, AVI will apply the following recognition exemptions which allow for certain lease payments to 
    be expensed over the lease term as opposed to recognising a right-of-use asset and related lease liability on the lease 
    commencement date:
    - Short-term leases - these are leases with a lease term of 12 months or less; and
    - Leases of low value assets - these are leases where the underlying asset is of low value.

    At transition date, the adoption of IFRS 16 will result in the recognition of right-of-use assets to the value of R367,1 million 
    and lease liabilities of R465,0 million. Taking into account leases in place on the initial application date, operating profit 
    is expected to increase by approximately R40 million due to the replacement of the operating lease expense with depreciation of 
    right-of-use assets. This increase will partly be offset by a higher interest expense on lease liabilities of approximately 
    R30 million, resulting in an estimated after tax gain in earnings of R7 million. On the statement of cash flows, estimated lease 
    payments of R180 million, previously included in cash generated by operations, will be disclosed under financing activities 
    (R150 million relating to the principal portion of lease payments) and interest paid (R30 million).   

    Non-applicable standards, amendments and interpretations
    The other remaining standards, amendments and interpretations issued but not yet effective have been assessed for applicability 
    to the Group and management has concluded that they are not applicable to the business of the Group and will therefore have no 
    impact on future financial statements.

10. Dividend declaration
    Notice is hereby given that a gross final ordinary dividend No 90 of 260 cents per share for the year ended 30 June 2018 
    and a gross special dividend No 91 of 250 cents per share have been declared payable to shareholders of ordinary shares. 
    Both dividends have been declared out of income reserves and will be subject to dividend withholding tax at a rate of 20%. 
    Consequently, a net final ordinary dividend of 208 cents per share and a net special dividend of 200 cents per 
    share will be distributed to those shareholders who are not exempt from paying dividend tax. In terms of dividend tax legislation, 
    the dividend tax amounts due will be withheld and paid over to the South African Revenue Services by a nominee company, stockbroker 
    or Central Securities Depository Participant ('CSDP') (collectively 'Regulated Intermediary') on behalf of shareholders. However, 
    all shareholders should declare their status to their Regulated Intermediary, as they may qualify for a reduced dividend tax rate 
    or exemption. AVI's issued share capital at the declaration date is 351 673 245 ordinary shares. AVI's tax reference number is 
    9500/046/71/0. The salient dates relating to the payment of the dividends are as follows:
    Last day to trade cum dividend on the JSE           Tuesday, 9 October 2018    
    First trading day ex dividend on the JSE         Wednesday, 10 October 2018    
    Record date                                         Friday, 12 October 2018    
    Payment date                                        Monday, 15 October 2018    

    In accordance with the requirements of Strate Limited, no share certificates may be dematerialised or rematerialised between Wednesday, 
    10 October 2018, and Friday, 12 October 2018, both days inclusive.

    Dividends in respect of certificated shareholders will be transferred electronically to shareholders' bank accounts on payment date. 
    In the absence of specific mandates, dividend cheques will be posted to shareholders. Shareholders who hold dematerialised shares 
    will have their accounts at their CSDP or broker credited on Monday, 15 October 2018.

11. Reports of the independent auditor
    The abridged summarised consolidated financial statements for the year ended 30 June 2018 have been audited by Ernst & Young Inc., 
    who expressed an unmodified opinion thereon. The auditor also expressed an unmodified opinion on the annual consolidated financial 
    statements from which these abridged summarised consolidated financial statements were derived. The auditor's report on the abridged 
    summarised consolidated financial statements does not necessarily report on all of the information contained in this announcement. 
    Shareholders are therefore advised that in order to obtain a full understanding of the nature of the auditor's engagement they should 
    obtain a copy of the auditor's report on the abridged summarised consolidated financial statements and of the auditor's report on the 
    annual consolidated financial statements which is available for inspection at the Company's registered office, together with the 
    accompanying financial statements identified in the respective auditor's report.

12. Preparer of financial statements
    These summarised financial statements have been prepared under the supervision of Owen Cressey CA(SA), the AVI Group Chief 
    Financial Officer.

13. Annual report
    The annual report for the year ended 30 June 2018 will be posted to shareholders on or about Tuesday, 2 October 2018. The financial 
    statements will include the notice of the annual general meeting of shareholders to be convened on Thursday, 1 November 2018.

10 September 2018

ADMINISTRATION AND PRINCIPAL SUBSIDIARIES
ADMINISTRATION 
Company registration
AVI Limited ('AVI')
Reg no: 1944/017201/06
Share code: AVI
ISIN: ZAE000049433

Company Secretary
Sureya Scheepers

Business address and registered office
2 Harries Road
Illovo
Johannesburg 2196
South Africa

Postal address
PO Box 1897
Saxonwold 2132
South Africa

Telephone: +27 (0)11 502 1300
Telefax: +27 (0)11 502 1301
E-mail: info@avi.co.za
Website: http://www.avi.co.za

Auditors
Ernst & Young Inc.
Appointed 30 January 2018

Sponsor
The Standard Bank of South Africa Limited

Commercial bankers
Standard Bank
FirstRand Bank

Transfer secretaries
Computershare Investor Services Proprietary Limited

Business address
Rosebank Towers
15 Biermann Avenue
Rosebank
Johannesburg 2196

Postal address
PO Box 61051
Marshalltown 2107
South Africa
Telephone: +27 (0)11 370 5000
Telefax: +27 (0)11 370 5271


PRINCIPAL SUBSIDIARIES
Food & Beverage brands
National Brands Limited
Reg no: 1948/029389/06
(incorporating Entyce Beverages and Snackworks)

30 Sloane Street
Bryanston 2021

PO Box 5159
Rivonia 2128

Managing director
Gaynor Poretti
Telephone: +27 (0)11 707 7200
Telefax: +27 (0)11 707 7799

I&J
Irvin & Johnson Holding Company Proprietary Limited
Reg no: 2004/013127/07

1 Davidson Street
Woodstock
Cape Town 7925

PO Box 1628
Cape Town 8000

Managing director
Jonty Jankovich
Telephone: +27 (0)21 440 7800
Telefax: +27 (0)21 440 7270

Fashion brands
Personal Care
Indigo Brands Proprietary Limited
Reg no: 2003/009934/07

16 - 20 Evans Avenue
Epping 1 7460

PO Box 3460
Cape Town 8000

Managing director
John Knox
Telephone: +27 (0)21 507 8500
Telefax: +27 (0)21 507 8501

Footwear & Apparel
A&D Spitz Proprietary Limited
Reg no: 1999/025520/07

29 Eaton Avenue 
Bryanston 2021

PO Box 782916
Sandton 2145

Acting managing director
Simon Crutchley 
Telephone: +27 (0)11 707 7300
Telefax: +27 (0)11 707 7763

Green Cross Manufacturers Proprietary Limited 
Reg no: 1994/008549/07

26 - 30 Benbow Avenue
Epping Industria
7460

PO Box 396
Epping Industria 7475

Acting managing director
Simon Crutchley 
Telephone: +27 (0)21 507 9700
Telefax: +27 (0)21 507 9707


DIRECTORS
Executive
Simon Crutchley 
(Chief Executive Officer)

Owen Cressey 
(Chief Financial Officer)

Michael Koursaris 
(Business Development Director)

Independent non-executive
Gavin Tipper (1) (Chairman)
James Hersov (2)
Adriaan Nuhn (1,4)
Mike Bosman (2)
Andisiwe Kawa (1,5)
Abe Thebyane (1)
Neo Dongwana (2,3)

1 Member of the Remuneration, Nomination and Appointments Committee.
2 Member of the Audit and Risk Committee.
3 Member of the Social and Ethics Committee.
4 Dutch.
5 Resigned 27 February 2018.

Date: 10/09/2018 07:05:00 Produced by the JSE SENS Department. The SENS service is an information dissemination service administered by the JSE Limited ('JSE'). 
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