TAWANA RESOURCES NL - Bald Hill Delivers Excellent Metallurgical Test Work ResultsRelease Date: 06/09/2017 09:25:00 Code(s): TAW
Tawana Resources NL
(Incorporated in Australia)
(Registration number ACN 085 166 721)
Share code on the JSE Limited: TAW
JSE ISIN: AU0000TAWDA9
Share code on the Australian Stock Exchange Limited: TAW
ASX ISIN: AU000000TAW7
(?the Company? or ?Tawana?)
Bald Hill Delivers Excellent Metallurgical Test Work Results
All Graphics have been removed for SENS purposes. The full announcement can be found on the Tawana website.
Tawana Resources NL (TAW:ASX) (Tawana) and Alliance Mineral Assets Limited (SGX:AMA) (AMAL) are
pleased to announce encouraging metallurgical test work results from the Bald Hill Lithium and
Tantalum Mine in Western Australia.
The test work on ore fines delivered excellent results from both fine Dense Media Separation (DMS)
and flotation, highlighting the potential to increase proposed lithium production during 2018. Bald Hill
remains on track to commence commissioning in the first quarter of 2018.
The Pre-Feasibility Study (PFS)1&2 Design Mass Balance had 17.8% of lithium ore feed reporting to fines
and 10.3% of ore feed reporting to middling concentrates (middlings). This represents 28.1% of feed
containing 29.6% of the contained lithium which is not contained in the PFS production profile,
highlighting the significance of the potential production increase.
? Three-stage sighter flotation test work returned a recovery to concentrate of 83% at a concentrate
grade of 4.7% Li2O from feed at P80 passing 0.212mm.
? DMS test work on 0.3-1mm Fines indicates a range of 71% to 91% recovery of lithium with a
concentrate grades of up to 5.3% Li2O.
? Preliminary assessment indicates the fine DMS option would be a significantly lower cost Phase 2
option for the bulk of the combined fines and middlings.
? Conceptually the middlings would be crushed with +1mm material and passed through a small
middlings DMS whilst the 0.3-1mm will be passed through a small fine DMS (Both Phase 2 DMS).
These two fractions are likely to represent about 20% of total plant feed and 24% of contained
? The average production rate in the PFS is approximately 150,000tpa of spodumene concentrate.
Based on 70% recovery the Phase 2 DMS has the potential to increase spodumene production by
25% with a combined Phase 1 and Phase 2 DMS recovery of about 82.5%.
? Phase 2 DMS concentrate production would have a relatively low incremental unit cost given most
costs are carried by Phase 1 operating costs, including mining, primary crushing and the bulk of
the labour and general and administration costs.
Tawana Managing Director Mark Calderwood stated: ?The recent test work gives great encouragement
that fines and middlings from the DMS under construction can be recovered into a saleable spodumene
concentrate, relatively easily. The addition of a fines circuit would increase annual production at a
marginal incremental cost which should generate good returns.?
About the Bald Hill Project
The Bald Hill Lithium and Tantalum Mine (Bald Hill Mine or the Project) is owned by Singapore
Exchange-listed Alliance Mineral Assets Limited (AMAL), with ASX-listed Tawana Resources NL
(Tawana) holding 50% of the lithium rights. The project is subject to a 50% earn-in to existing
infrastructure and tantalum rights by Tawana through the expenditure of A$12.5m on development
A Pre-Feasibility Study (PFS) finalised in July 2017 confirmed the technical and financial viability of a low
capital cost 1.2Mtpa lithium Dense Media Separation circuit (DMS) adjacent to the existing tantalum
processing facility (TPF) at Bald Hill.
The first shipment of lithium concentrate is scheduled for March 2018.
EPC Group Primero mobilised to the Bald Hill Mine in July 2017 and construction work commenced,
with bulk earthworks completed and initial cement foundations being poured.
Each of Tawana and AMAL executed an offtake agreement in April 2017 for the supply of lithium
concentrate from Bald Hill over a five-year term with pricing for 2018 and 2019 of US$880/t (FOB
Esperance) for 6% Li2O. The prepayments from the aforesaid offtake agreement will be used towards
the capital costs of the Project.
The Project is located 50km south east of Kambalda in the Eastern Goldfields of Western Australia. It
is located approximately 75km south east of the 400ktpa Mt Marion Lithium project. Refer Figure 1.
The Project comprises four mining leases, one mining lease application, twelve exploration licenses,
eight prospecting licenses and one general purpose lease totalling 790.1km.
A Maiden Indicated and Inferred lithium Mineral Resource of 12.8 million tonnes at 1.18% Li 2O, and
158ppm Ta205 at a 0.5% Li20 cut-off for the Project was estimated by CSA Global Pty Ltd and
announced in June 20173. The Project remains significantly underexplored as highlighted by
significant exploration drill results post the June resource statement.
Details on Recent Metallurgical Results
Following on from the PFS, metallurgical test work has been focused on ore fines. These fines along
with 1-5.6mm moderate grade middling concentrates will be stockpiled during operation of the Phase
1 DMS. Based on prior test work the fines and middlings will total about 28.1% of feed with 29.6% of
contained lithium after processing through the Phase 1 DMS plant.
Initial sighter flotation test work was undertaken using various combinations of grind sizes, pre-
treatment and flotation reagents. The results of the most successful combination to date are contained
in Table 1. Additional work using different variables may increase recoveries and/or improve on
Table 1 | Sighter Flotation Run 5, P80 0.212mm (calc head grade 1.11% Li2O)
Fraction % Mass Yield % Li2O % Cont. Li % Fe2O3
Total Re-Cleaner Cons 19.7 4.69 83.0 0.43
Tails 80.3 0.23 17.0 0.25
It is widely accepted that the finer the feed the more difficult it is to use DMS to separate spodumene,
however due to the excellent DMS performance of the 1-10mm Bald Hill ore, additional DMS test work
was undertaken on relatively fine material between 0.3mm and 1mm. The test work indicated the best
combination of concentrate grade and recovery could be achieved at a density close to 2.8 (refer Table
2). The recovery of spodumene to concentrates from the fine DMS are consistent with test work on
the larger size fractions (refer Table 3).
Table 2 | 0.3mm ? 1.0mm DMS
Fraction % Mass Yield % Li2O % Cont. Li % Fe2O3
SG 2.8 Sinks 18.7 5.30 71.1 0.66
SG 2.8 Floats 19.9 1.38 19.8 0.48
SG 2.7 Floats 61.5 0.20 9.1 0.23
Table 3 | Summary of DMS Recoveries at Different Size Ranges
0.3-1.0mm 1.0-5.6mm 5.6-10mm
Li2O recovery (%) to Primary Concentrate 71.1 70.6 71.0
Li2O recovery (%) to Middlings Concentrate 19.8 19.9(1) 21.2
Total Li2O recovery (%) to Concentrates 90.9 90.5 92.2
Primary concentrate grade Li2O (%) 5.30 6.55 6.33
Middlings concentrate grade Li2O (%) 1.38 1.52 2.56(2)
1) Allows for losses with mica removal
2) +5.6mm middlings are planned to be fed back to the plant after crushing to 3.35mm
3) The 1-5.6mm and 5.6-10mm results taken from composite sample
4) The 0.3-1.0mm results taken from bulk sample.
The PFS Design Mass Balance has 17.8% of lithium ore feed reporting to fines and 10.3% of ore feed
reporting to middling concentrates. This represents 28.1% of feed containing 29.6% of the contained
DMS test work on 0.3-1mm fines indicate 71% to 91% recovery of lithium with a concentrate grades of
up to 5.3% Li2O which is consistent with results of DMS work on coarser feed. Further work is required,
however, DMS of the finer size fractions appears to be a low cost option for Phase 2 treatment of the
bulk of the combined fines and middlings.
Conceptually the middlings would be crushed with +1mm material passed through a small mids - DMS
and the 0.3-1mm passed through a small fine DMS. These two fractions are likely to represent about
20% of total plant feed and 24% of contained Lithium. Based on 70% recovery the Phase 2 DMS has the
potential to increase spodumene production by 25% with a combined Phase 1 and Phase 2 DMS
recovery of about 82.5%. The average production forecast per the PFS is approximately 150,000tpa of
Though the grade of the fines DMS concentrates could be below 5.5% Li2O, these could be blended
with higher grade concentrates to meet contractual minimum grades.
Phase 2 DMS concentrate production would have a relatively low incremental unit cost given most costs
are carried by Phase 1 operating costs, including mining, primary crushing and the bulk of the labour,
general and administration costs. The capital cost and build time of the small Phase 2 DMS circuit is
expected to be favorable. If adopted construction would not commence until the Phase 1 DMS,
currently in construction, was commissioned in early 2018.
If DMS is selected for a Phase 2 upgrade, the -0.3mm fines which are expected to represent about 8.0%
of feed and 5.6% of contained lithium, considered too fine for practical DMS concentration could be
stockpiled for future flotation.
Competent Persons Statement
The information in this news release that relates to Exploration Results is based on and fairly
represents information and supporting documentation compiled by Mr Mark Calderwood, an employee of the Company. Mr
Calderwood is a member of The Australasian Institute of Mining and Metallurgy. Mr Calderwood has sufficient experience
relevant to the style of mineralisation under consideration and to the activity which they are undertaking to qualify as a
Competent Person as defined in the 2012 edition of the ?Australasian Code for Reporting of Exploration Results, Mineral
Resources and Ore Reserves?, the standard used for this report. Mr Calderwood consents to the inclusion in this report of the
matters based on his information in the form and context in which it appears. Mr Calderwood meets the requirements to act
as a Qualified Person (as defined in the SGX Catalist rules).
Mr Calderwood is a significant shareholder in Tawana. Mr Calderwood and Tawana do not consider this to constitute a
potential conflict of interest to his role as Competent Person. Mr Calderwood is not aware of any other relationship with
Tawana which could constitute a potential for a conflict of interest.
The information in this release that relates to metallurgy and metallurgical test work has been reviewed by Mr Noel
O?Brien, FAusIMM, MBA, B. Met Eng. Mr O?Brien is not an employee of Tawana, but is employed as a contract consultant. Mr
O?Brien is a Fellow of the Australasian Institute of Mining and Metallurgy, and he has sufficient experience with the style of
processing response and type of deposit under consideration, and to the activities undertaken, to qualify as a Competent
Person as defined in the 2012 edition of the ?Australian Code for the Reporting of Exploration Results, Mineral Resources and
Ore Reserves? (The JORC Code). Mr O?Brien consents to the inclusion in this report of the contained technical information in
the form and context as it appears. Mr O?Brien meets the requirements to act as a Qualified Person (as defined in the SGX
Mr O?Brien is an option holder in Tawana. Mr O?Brien and Tawana do not consider this to constitute a potential conflict of
interest to his role as Competent Person. In reviewing the metallurgy and metallurgical test work referred to in this public
release, Mr O?Brien acted as an independent party, has no financial interest in the outcome of the review and is being paid
according to standard per diem rates. Therefore, Mr O?Brien and Tawana believe that there is no conflict of interest in
undertaking the review of testwork referred to in this release.
Forward Looking Statement
This report may contain certain forward looking statements and projections regarding estimated,
resources and reserves; planned production and operating costs profiles; planned capital requirements; and planned
strategies and corporate objectives. Such forward looking statements/projections are estimates for discussion purposes only
and should not be relied upon as representation or warranty, express or implied, of TAW and/or Alliance Mineral Assets
Limited. They are not guarantees of future performance and involve known and unknown risks, uncertainties and other factors
many of which are beyond the control of Tawana Resources NL and/or Alliance Mineral Assets Limited. The forward looking
statements/projections are inherently uncertain and may therefore differ materially from results ultimately achieved.
Tawana Resources NL and/or Alliance Mineral Assets Limited does not make any representations and provides no warranties
concerning the accuracy of the projections, and disclaims any obligation to update or revise any forward looking
statements/projects based on new information, future events or otherwise except to the extent required by applicable laws.
While the information contained in this report has been prepared in good faith, neither TAW and/or Alliance Mineral Assets
Limited or any of their directors, officers, agents, employees or advisors give any representation or warranty, express or
implied, as to the fairness, accuracy, completeness or correctness of the information, opinions and conclusions contained in
this presentation. Accordingly, to the maximum extent permitted by law, none of TAW and/or Alliance Mineral Assets Limited,
their directors, employees or agents, advisers, nor any other person accepts any liability whether direct or indirect, express or
limited, contractual, tortuous, statutory or otherwise, in respect of, the accuracy or completeness of the information or for
any of the opinions contained in this announcement or for any errors, omissions or misstatements or for any loss, howsoever
arising, from the use of this announcement.
2: All figures throughout this announcement regarding the Project and the PFS are, unless expressly stated otherwise,
presented on a 100% of Project basis. Tawana, through its 100% owned subsidiary Lithco No. 2 Pty Ltd, has earned a right to
50% of all lithium minerals from the tenements comprising the Project ? refer to announcements of 28 June 2017. Tawana is
required to spend $12.5 million in capital expenditure for upgrading and converting the existing plant on the Bald Hill
tenements for processing ore derived from the Project, infrastructure costs, pre-stripping activities and other expenditures
including operating costs by 31 December 2019. Upon completion of such capital expenditure commitment, Tawana (through
Lithco No.2 Pty Ltd) will be entitled to a 50% interest in the Project comprising the Bald Hill tenements, the processing plant
and infrastructure at Bald Hill, and all minerals from the Bald Hill tenements under the terms of the Bald Hill Joint Venture
Agreement (which will only take effect upon satisfaction of the capital expenditure obligation). Refer to announcements of
24 February 2017.
All material assumptions underpinning the Production Targets detailed in this report are detailed in the ASX announcement
dated 11 July 2017 and Tawana confirms those assumptions continue to apply and have not materially changed.
3: All material assumptions and technical parameters underpinning the Mineral Resource estimates in the ASX announcement
dated 14 June 2017 / SGX announcement dated 13 June 2017 continue to apply and have not materially changed since it was
last reported. Refer Indicated and Inferred classification in Tables 4 and 5 below.
Table 4 | Bald Hill Project, Resources above 0.5% Li2O cut-off
Resource Tonnes Grade Contained Grade Contained
Category (Mt) Li2O Li2O Ta2O5 Ta205
% Tonnes ppm (,000) Lbs
Indicated 4.6 1.25 57,100 207 2,200
Inferred 8.2 1.14 94,300 130 2,500
Total 12.8 1.18 151,400 158 4,700
Table 5 | Bald Hill Project, Resources above 0.5% Li2O and 200ppm Ta2O5 cut-offs
Resource Tonnes Grade Contained Grade Contained
Category (Mt) Li2O Li2O Ta2O5 Ta205
% Tonnes ppm (,000) Lbs
Indicated 1.9 1.26 23,700 312 1,300
Inferred 1.4 1.10 15,000 291 900
Total 3.2 1.19 38,700 303 2,100
1) The tantalum resources form part of the lithium/tantalum resources reported in Table 4.
6 September 2017
PricewaterhouseCoopers Corporate Finance (Pty) Limited
Date: 06/09/2017 09:25:00 Supplied by www.sharenet.co.za
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