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DELRAND RESOURCES LIMITED - Management Discuss and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations for the year end September 30, 2103

Release Date: 18/11/2013 13:45:00      Code(s): DRN     
(Incorporated in Canada)
(Corporation number 627115-4)
Share code: DRN ISIN Number: CA2472671072
(?Delrand? or the "Company")


The following management?s discussion and analysis of financial condition and results of
operations (the ?MD&A?) has been prepared by management and provides a review of the
activities, results of operations and financial condition of Delrand Resources Limited (the
?Company? or ?Delrand?) based upon International Financial Reporting Standards
(?IFRS?) issued by the International Accounting Standards Board. This MD&A should be
read in conjunction with the unaudited interim condensed consolidated financial statements
of the Company as at and for the three-month period ended September 30, 2013 (the
?Interim Financial Statements?) together with the MD&A and the audited financial
statements as at and for the year ended June 30, 2013 (the ?Financial Statements?) as
well as the notes thereto. All amounts are expressed in Canadian dollars unless otherwise

This MD&A is dated November 14, 2013. Additional information relating to the Company,
including the Company?s annual information form, is available on SEDAR at


The following MD&A contains forward-looking statements. All statements, other than
statements of historical fact, that address activities, events or developments that the
Company believes, expects or anticipates will or may occur in the future (including, without
limitation, statements relating to exploration results, potential mineralization and future
plans and objectives of the Company) are forward-looking statements. These forward-
looking statements reflect the current expectations or beliefs of the Company based on
information currently available to the Company. Forward-looking statements are subject to
a number of risks and uncertainties that may cause the actual results of the Company to
differ materially from those discussed in the forward-looking statements, and even if such
actual results are realized or substantially realized, there can be no assurance that they will
have the expected consequences to, or effects on the Company. Factors that could cause
actual results or events to differ materially from current expectations include, among other
things, uncertainties relating to the availability and costs of financing needed in the future,
the possibility that future exploration results will not be consistent with the Company?s
expectations, changes in equity markets, changes in diamond markets, foreign currency
fluctuations, political developments in the Democratic Republic of the Congo (the "DRC"),
changes to regulations affecting the Company's activities, delays in obtaining or failure to
obtain required project approvals, the uncertainties involved in interpreting geological data
and the other risks involved in the mineral exploration business. Any forward-looking
statement speaks only as of the date on which it is made and, except as may be required
by applicable securities laws, the Company disclaims any intent or obligation to update any
forward-looking statement, whether as a result of new information, future events or results
or otherwise. Although the Company believes that the assumptions inherent in the
forward-looking statements are reasonable, forward-looking statements are not guarantees
of future performance and accordingly undue reliance should not be put on such statements
due to the inherent uncertainty therein.


The Company is engaged in the acquisition and exploration of diamond properties in known
diamond producing areas in the DRC. The Company also has an iron ore exploration project
in the DRC.

For the three months ended September 30, 2013, the Company reported a net loss of
$45,781 (three months ended September 30, 2012: 74,234). The net asset value of the
Company was $5,071,429 as at September 30, 2013 (June 30, 2013: $4,706,710).

The Company?s accumulated deficit as at September 30, 2013 was $120,100,403 (June 30,
2013: $120,054,622). The Company had a working capital deficit of $94,637 as at
September 30, 2013 (June 30, 2013: $429,967) and had a net increase in cash of
$145,250 during the three months ended September 30, 2013 (three months ended
September 30, 2012: decrease of $342,818).

While the Company?s financial statements have been prepared on the basis of IFRS
accounting principles applicable to a going concern, adverse conditions may cast substantial
doubt upon the validity of this assumption. In the event the Company is unable to identify
recoverable resources, receive the necessary permitting, or arrange appropriate financing,
the carrying value of the Company?s assets could be subject to further material adjustment.
Furthermore, the volatile global economic environment and its impact on certain market
conditions may cast significant doubt upon the validity of this assumption.

The Company?s ability to continue operations in the normal course of business is dependent
on several factors, including its ability to secure additional funding. Management has been
exploring all available options to secure additional funding, including equity financing and
strategic partnerships. In addition, the recoverability of amounts shown for exploration and
evaluation assets is dependent upon the existence of economically recoverable reserves,
the ability of the Company to obtain financing to perform its exploration activies or
complete the development of the properties where necessary, or, alternatively, upon the
Company?s ability to recover its spent costs through a disposition of its interests, all of
which are uncertain.

During the three months ended September 30, 2013, 3,109,849 warrants were exercised at
a price of $0.132 per share. This resulted in the issuance of 3,109,849 common shares of
the Company and gross proceeds to the Company of $410,500. 2,109,849 of the shares
were issued to a director of the Company.

During the year ended June 30, 2013, the Company issued 6,000,000 common shares in a
private placement at a price of $0.045 per share for gross proceeds of $270,000. 2,620,000
of these common shares were purchased by directors and officers of the Company.


The Company?s present operations consist of the exploration and evaluation of several
mineral properties for diamonds in the DRC. The Company?s exploration programs in the
DRC are currently focused on the Coexco and Bomili exploration permit areas in the
Bafwasende region in the northern DRC, and on the selection of targets in the Kasai
provinces in the southern DRC.

Further interpretation of the Coexco and Bomili detailed sampling results has permitted the
reduction of the 22 Coexco permits to eight permits covering five targets that have
subsequently been prioritised. Applications for the renewal of these eight permits have been
submitted to CAMI. The two Bomili permits have been retained as a result of the detailed
sampling results from the work that the Company carried out in August 2013. During the
three months ended September 30, 2013, the Company made significant progress with the
program to evaluate a large exploration dataset covering the Kasai provinces.

Northern DRC Project (10 exploration permits)

Results from the reconnaissance stream samples, which were collected over the original 44
Coexco and two Delrand exploration permit areas in 2009, reported five ilmenites, 27
chrome spinels, one eclogitic garnet and 15 micro-diamonds (i.e. less than 0.5 mm but
larger than 0.4 mm in size). After the ?force majeur? restictions were lifted, the follow-up
sampling program in 2011 over these positive areas was narrowed down to 22 Coexco and
the two Delrand exploration permits. The former is referred to as the Coexco project and
the latter is referred to as the Bomili project. Pursuant to the follow-up sampling program,
490 and 97 follow-up stream samples were collected over the Coexco and Bomili project
areas, respectively. All samples were concentrated by the Company?s mechanical jig in
Kinshasa, DRC before being consigned to Rio Tinto?s heavy mineral laboratory in Perth. The
results of these follow-up samples were completed during the first six months of 2012.

The number of positive samples from both the reconnaissance and follow-up stream
sampling are limited to six targets within the Coexco permit areas and two targets in the
Bomili permit areas. These eight blocks were earmarked for further detailed stream
sampling with samples taken between 100 and 500 metres apart from each other
depending on the trap sites. These samples were collected in Q3 of 2012. Additional detailed
samples were collected over the Bomili targets in August 2013. The results of some of these
2012 and 2013 samples are available whilst others are in the process of being analysed.

The Coexco project area is dominated by almost horizontally bedded Neoproterozoic Lindian
Group sediments (shale, sandstone and conglomerate) overlying what has been referred to
as the Mbomou Archaean Craton. A large part of the Coexco project area is covered by a
thick and mature laterite crust masking most of the rock formations of the area. The
laterites are prone to depress the occurrences of kimberlitic satellite minerals significantly,
particularly such minerals as garnet and spinel, and to a lesser degree ilmenite. Artisanal
diamond diggings were also observed among others in and along the Makombe, Mopamu,
Aniede, Efule and Lobilo Rivers and its tributaries, all within the target area. Several other
isolated and sporadic diggings were seen scattered within the project area. The follow-up
program produced 48 diamonds , 12 kimberlitic ilmenites (picro-ilmenite), 21 chromites and
7 garnets that have a marginal mantle signature (G3 and G5) over the reduced area all in
the 0.4 to 0.7 mm fraction. Although the follow-up work failed to focus any specific targets,
the depressed distribution of the mantle minerals is due to the etching and dissolution of
silicate minerals by the unique chemical conditions of the thick (at least 10 metres) laterite.
The abundance of diamonds which are not affected by the chemical etching of the laterite,
makes this a promising target and other exploration techniques may have to be utilised. The

conclusion from infra-red work on the initial micro-diamonds recovered from the
reconnaissance work suggests that there are two sources, one in the north and one more to
the south. Visual observations of the diamonds recovered from the follow-up samples
indicate that there is no obvious sign of wear or breakage. The 48 diamonds recovered from
the follow-up work have been sent for infra-red studies. These also show deravation from a
resticted number of possible sources. The detailed follow-up samples collected in 2012 for
blocks 4 to 6 were submitted for heavy liquid separation (Tetrabromoethane - TBE with a
density of 2.96 g/ml). This has now been completed and the concentrates will now be
submitted to Afrid Kimberlitic Mineral Services for kimberlitic indicator mineral sorting. The
minerals that are recovered from those samples will be used to highlight areas for ground
geophysics with the Company?s magnetometers. This program should be carried out in
parallel with the Bomili surveys. If magnetic anomalies resembling kimberlites are identified,
the Company intends to drill these together with the targets generated from the Bomili
ground. Delrand?s drill rig is in storage in the DRC at the moment and it will not be difficult
to recover this equipment and start a drill program. This should preferably been done in
next year?s dry season.

In the Bomili project area there is no cover of Neoproterozoic sediments and the permit
areas are underlain by basement rocks of the Mbomou Craton. The follow-up program
produced no garnets, a few chromites but an abundance of ilmenite particularly in respect of
permit number PR 1174. The mineral chemistry suggests that these ilmenites have defined
two and possibly three separate kimberlite sources. These three targets on the two Delrand
permit areas were covered by detailed stream sampling in the second half of 2012. The
results of these samples has highlighted the Daikwayi, Etale, Abanza and Ekoko streams on
PR 1174 as highly anomalous. Several samples contain more than 20 ilmenite and these
areas have been identified as priority and were covered by a detailed ?hammer? prospecting
mission carried out by the Company in August 2013. During this program eight samples
were collected and each contained ilmenite with ?SS? surface textures. This stands for
sculptured surfaces and represents the mineral?s original surface indicating that these
ilmenites have not travelled. Further microprobe analysis will be conducted on these grains
to obtain its interest rating. Once all the results of all these samples have been received
there should be sufficient grain count and mineral chemistry to decide on the next step.
Based on all the sample and mineral results the next step would be to embark on a ground
magnetic survey using the Company?s magnetometers to cover the mineral targets. Once
the geophysics has identified suitable drill targets, the Company intends to commence a
drilling program during next year?s dry season to cover targets in both the Coexco and
Bomil ground.

Tshikapa Project (7 exploration permits)

Delrand is continuing its discussions with Acacia to exercise its option which it has with that
company in order to continue its exploration activities over the remaining six Acacia
exploration permit areas. These were part of the original option agreement and have been
covered by a reconnaissance prospecting program.

Southern DRC

Delrand has negotiated an exploration agreement with Rio Tinto in order to access and
interpret a large diamond exploration dataset which Rio Tinto has acquired. Delrand has
identified several promising targets which will in time be progressed. Delrand also
recognized a regional background ?noise? of kimberlitic indicator minerals which has
complicated the recognition of residual mineral anomalies. However, it has now highlighted
several targets that will need to be explored. The next step is to get agreement with Rio
Tinto on the priority rating and submit applications to the Department of Mines (CAMI) for
exploration permits (PR).

At the same time, Delrand will marry its own dataset with others such as the one described
above in order to focus its regional diamond interest for future target selection.

Security of Tenure

The exploration program in the DRC is focused on two areas: one in the northern DRC
around Bafwasende and one in the southern part of the country south of
Tshikapa. Exploration permits have been secured in both areas and are in good
standing. The Company has applied to reduce the Coexco ground from 22 permits to eight
permits based on the results from the detailed follow-up stream sampling program. Two
exploration permit applications are still at CAMI for consideration and Delrand is looking to
make additional applicatioons as soon as CAMI opens it doors for new applications.. Delrand
holds the following permits directly or by partners through various option agreements:
Acacia (6), Delrand (3) and Coexco (8).

Status of Exploration Permits of Delrand and Partners in the DRC as of September 30, 2013

                                                                    Permits at
    Company (Project)             PR Numbers                        September 30, 2013
                                                                    Permits       Km?
    Delrand (DRC North)           1174, 1175                         2            188
    Delrand (Tshikapa)            9083                               1            212
    Acacia (Tshikapa)             1175,1176,1177,1180,               6          1,043
                                  1188, 1187
    Coexco (DRC North)            6889, 6891, 6893, 6897,            8            557
                                  6898, 6899, 6901, 6906
    Total                                                           17          2,000


In May 2011, the Company announced the discovery of high grade haematite (a form of
iron ore) in its exploration areas within Province Orientale, DRC, through its then joint
venture with Rio Tinto Minerals Development Limited ("Rio Tinto"). Additional iron ore
results were announced by the Company in November 2011. The drilling results for 1,117
metres of diamond drill holes, which are detailed below, revealed average grades from the
mineralized intercepts ranging from 62.5% to 68.5% iron. The iron ore exploration was
funded and operated by Rio Tinto.

Initial geological research and exploration had indicated that the exploration permit areas,
which hitherto had been largely unexplored using modern exploration methods, were highly
prospective for the discovery of iron ore deposits. This assessment is supported by these
initial drill results. Mapping and first pass drilling was completed on the Zatua 01 and 02
target areas with 11 diamond drill holes, one of which had to be abandoned, totaling 1,117
meters.       Seven of these holes intercepted high grade haematite mineralization. The
mineralized package was not present in the remaining holes despite their central location.

The target areas had been selected after a regional airborne magnetic survey had identified
geophysical anomalies which subsequent ground follow up indicated to be associated with
outcropping haematite mineralization. Mineralized intervals, where intercepted by a drill
hole, range in thickness from 37 meters to 121 meters with both friable and massive
textures being observed.

Analytical results were received for all seven holes with values of 62.5%-68.5% for Fe;
0.56% to 4.78% for Al2O3; 0.48% to 6.36% for SiO2 and 0.040% to 0.148% for P, with the
elevated high phosphorous values appearing to be associated with recent weathering.
Despite limited thicknesses in some of the holes, the results give encouragement that high-
grade haematite is present in the area. No further work has been conducted at the iron ore
project since early 2012. Subsequently, Rio Tinto has withdrawn from the joint venture iron
ore project. Delrand however will maintain its interest in the project with a view to realizing
any potential value at a future date. A business model has been formulated in order to
address any queries from interested parties.


Dr. Michiel C. J. de Wit, the Company's President and a ?qualified person? as such term is
defined in National Instrument 43-101, has reviewed and approved the technical
information in this MD&A.

Additional information with respect to the Company's Tshikapa project is contained in the
technical report prepared by Dr. Michiel C. J. de Wit and Fabrice Matheys, dated March 31,
2009 and titled "National Instrument 43-101 Technical Report on the Tshikapa Project of
BRC DiamondCore Ltd. in the Democratic Republic of the Congo". A copy of this report can
be obtained from SEDAR at www.sedar.com.


For the three months ended September 30, 2013, the Company reported a net loss of
$45,781 (or $0.00 per share), compared to a net loss of $74,234 (or $0.00 per share)
incurred during the three months ended September 30, 2012. The decrease in the net loss
was mainly the result of lower consulting and professional fees.


The following table sets out certain unaudited consolidated financial information of the
Company for each of the last eight quarters, beginning with the three months ended
September 30, 2013. The Company?s reporting and measurement currency is the Canadian
dollar. The financial information is reported in accordance with IFRS.

                                 Three           Three         Three           Three
                                months          months        months          months
                                 ended           ended         ended           ended
                             September         June 30,     March 31,       December
                              30, 2013           2013          2013         31, 2012

  Net loss ($'000)                $(45)          $(72)          $(63)           $(75)
  Net loss per share
  (basic and diluted)            $0.00          $0.00          $0.00           $0.00

                                 Three          Three         Three            Three
                                months          months        months          months
                                 ended           ended         ended           ended
                             September         June 30,     March 31,       December
                              30, 2012            2012          2012        31, 2011

  Net income (loss)
  ($'000)                         $(74)          $(141)         $(98)           $293
  Net income (loss) per
  share (basic and
  diluted)                       $0.00          $0.00          $0.00           $0.00

During the three month period ended September 30, 2013, the Company recorded a net
loss of $45,781 compared to a net loss of $71,639 that was recorded during the three
months ended June 30, 2013, mainly due to a reduction in consulting fees related to the
departure of a former director.

During the three month period ended June 30, 2013, the Company recorded a net loss of
$71,639 compared to a net loss of $62,839 that was recorded during the three months
ended March 31, 2013 due to higher consulting and professional fees.

During the three month period ended March 31, 2013, the Company recorded a net loss of
$62,839 compared to a net loss of $75,064 that was recorded during the three months
ended December 31, 2012. The decrease was primarily due to lower consulting fees of
$22,548 which was offset by an increase in general and administrative expenses of $9,727.

During the three month period ended December 31, 2012, the Company recorded a net loss
of $75,064 which was consistent with the net loss of $74,234 that was recorded during the
three months ended September 30, 2012.

During the three month period ended September 30, 2012, the Company recorded a net
loss of $74,234 compared to a net loss of $141,073 in the second quarter of 2012. This
decrease in net loss was primarily due to a decrease in consulting and professional fees of
$65,948, as audit fees were incurred in the three months ended June 30, 2012 due to the
change in year end.

During the three months ended June 30, 2012, the Company recorded a net loss of
$141,073 compared to a net loss of $98,356 in the first three months of 2012. This
increase in net loss was primarily due to an increase in consulting and professional fees of

$34,080, as audit fees were incurred during the three months ended June 30, 2012 due to
the change in year end.

During the first three months of 2012, the Company recorded a net loss of $98,356
compared to net income in the last three months of 2011 of $293,117. There was a gain on
disposal of property, plant and equipment in the last three months of 2011 of $430,085
which enabled the net income for the last three months of 2011.


As at September 30, 2013, the Company had cash of $246,963 and a working capital deficit
of $94,637 compared to cash of $101,713 and a working capital deficit of $429,967 as at
June 30, 2013.

During the three months ended September 30, 2013, 3,109,849 warrants were exercised at
a price of $0.132 per share. This resulted in the issuance of 3,109,849 common shares of
the Company and gross proceeds to the Company of $410,500. 2,109,849 of the shares
were issued to a director of the Company.

The Company has no operating revenues and is wholly reliant upon external financing to
fund its activities. There is no assurance that such financing will be available on acceptable
terms, if at all.

Rio Tinto had funded exploration at the Company?s DRC North diamond project and all of
the exploration at the DRC iron ore project.

In general, market conditions have limited the availability of funds. Given the Company?s
financial position and available resources, the Company currently expects a need to access
equity markets for financing over the next twelve months. In light of current conditions,
the Company has continued a series of measures to bring its spending in line with the
projected cash flows from its operations in order to preserve its balance sheet and maintain
its liquidity position. Management believes that based on its current financial position and
liquidity profile, the Company will be able to satisfy its current and long-term obligations.
The Interim Financial Statements of the Company have been prepared in accordance with
IFRS applicable to a going concern.

As at September 30, 2013 and June 30, 2013, there were no contractual obligations (that
are not on the statement of financial position) entered into by the Company.

The Company has an option agreement to secure an equity interest in prospective ground
held in six exploration permits in the DRC with ACACIA sprl, which has advised the
Company of its wish to modify the option agreement.  The Company continues its
discussions with ACACIA sprl and believes it can reach an agreement that is satisfactory to
both parties.


The following table provides a breakdown of the Company's exploration and evaluation
expenditures in the DRC for the three month ended September 30, 2013:


The authorized share capital of the Company consists of an unlimited number of common
shares. As at November 14, 2013, the Company had outstanding 61,844,492 common
shares and warrants to purchase an aggregate of 8,859,849 common shares of the


   a) Key Management Remuneration

The Company?s related parties include key management. Key management includes
executive and non-executive directors. The remuneration of the key management of the
Company as defined above, during the three months ended September 30, 2013 and
September 30, 2012 was as follows:

   b) Other Related Parties

As at September 30, 2013, an amount of $25,000 (June 30, 2013 - $117,107 owed to one
director) was owing from one director of the Company representing consulting fees. During
the three months ended September 30, 2013, consulting fees of $25,000 were incurred to
one director of the Company (three months ended September 30, 2012- $50,000 to two

As at September 30, 2013, an amount of $1,210 was owed to Banro Corporation (?Banro?)
(June 30, 2013 - $921 owed from Banro). Banro owns 17,716,994 common shares of the
Company, representing a 28.65% interest in the Company.

During the three months ended September 30, 2013, the Company incurred common
expenses of $nil (three months ended September 30, 2012 - $nil) in the DRC together with
Loncor Resources Inc. (?Loncor?), a corporation with common directors. As at September
30, 2013, an amount of $3,619 (June 30, 2013 - $8,875) owing to Loncor was included in
due to related parties in the consolidated statement of financial position.


The Company has reviewed new and revised accounting pronouncements that have been
issued but are not yet effective and determined that the following may have an impact on
the Company:

IFRS 9, Financial instruments (?IFRS 9?) intends to replace IAS 39 Financial Instruments:
Recognition and Measurement in its entirety with IFRS 9, however, no mandatorily effective
date has currently been defined. IFRS 9 is intended to reduce the complexity for the
classification and measurement of financial instruments. The Company is currently
evaluating the impact the final standard is expected to have on its consolidated financial

An amendment to IAS 36, Impairment of Assets (?IAS 36?) was issued by the IASB in May
2013. The amendment reduces the circumstances in which the recoverable amount of
assets or cash-generating units are required to be disclosed, clarifies the disclosures
required, and introduces an explicit requirement to disclose the discount rate used in
determining impairment. The amendments to IAS 36 are effective for annual periods
beginning on or after January 1, 2014. The Company does not expect the standard to have
a material impact on its consolidated financial statements.

An amendment to IAS 32, Financial Instruments: presentation (?IAS 32?) was issued by
the IASB in December 2011. The amendment clarifies the meaning of ?currently has a
legally enforceable right to set-off?. The amendments to IAS 32 are effective for annual
periods beginning on or after January 1, 2014. The Company does not xpect the standard
to have a material impact on its consolidated financial statements.

An amendment to IAS 39, Financial Instruments: recognition (?IAS 39?) was issued by the
IASB in June 2013. The amendment clarifies that there is no need to discontinue hedge
accounting if a hedging derivative is novated, provided certain criteria are met. A novation
indicates an event where the original parties to a derivative agree that one or more clearing
counterparties replace their original counterparty to become the new counterparty to each
of the parties. The amendments to IAS 39 are effective for annual periods beginning on or
after January 1, 2014. The Company does not expect the standard to have a material
impact on its consolidated financial statements.

In May 2013, IFRIC published IFRIC Interpretation 21, Levies (?IFRIC 21?), effective for
annual periods beginning on or after January 1, 2014. IFRIC 21 provides guidance on when
to recognize a liability for a levy imposed by a government. IFRIC 21 identifies the
obligating event for the recognition of a liability as the activity that triggers the payment of
the levy in accordance with the relevant legislation. The Company does not expect the
standard to have a material impact on its consolidated financial statements.


The preparation of the Company?s consolidated financial statements in conformity with
IFRS requires management to make judgments, estimates and assumptions that affect the
application of accounting policies and the reported amounts of assets, liabilities, income and
expenses. Actual results may differ from these estimates. Estimates and underlying
assumptions are reviewed on an ongoing basis. Information about critical judgments in
applying accounting policies that have the most significant effect on the amounts
recognized in the financial statements included the following:

Provisions and contingencies

The amount recognized as provision, including legal, contractual and other exposures or
obligations, is the best estimate of the consideration required to settle the related liability,
including any related interest charges, taking into account the risks and uncertainties
surrounding the obligation. In addition, contingencies will only be resolved when one or
more future events occur or fail to occur. Therefore assessment of contingencies inherently
involves the exercise of significant judgment and estimates of the outcome of future events.
The Company assesses its liabilities and contingencies based upon the best information
available, relevant tax laws and other appropriate requirements.

Exploration and evaluation expenditure

The application of the Company?s accounting policy for exploration and evaluation
expenditure requires judgment in determining whether it is likely that future economic
benefits will flow to the Company, which may be based on assumptions about future events
or circumstances. Estimates and assumptions made may change if new information
becomes available. If, after expenditure is capitalized, information becomes available
suggesting that the recovery of expenditure is unlikely, the amount capitalized is written off
in the statement of comprehensive loss during the period the new information becomes


Assets, including exploration and evaluation assets, are reviewed for impairment whenever
events or changes in circumstances indicate that their carrying amounts exceed their
recoverable amounts. The assessment of the fair value often requires estimates and
assumptions such as discount rates, exchange rates, commodity prices, rehabilitation and
restoration costs, future capital requirements and future operating performance. Changes
in such estimates could impact recoverable values of these assets. Estimates are reviewed
regularly by management.

Share-based payment transactions

The Company measures the cost of equity-settled transactions with employees by reference
to the fair value of the equity instruments at the date at which they are granted.
Estimating fair value for share-based payment transactions requires determining the most
appropriate valuation model, which is dependent on the terms and conditions of the grant.
This estimate also requires determining the most appropriate inputs to the valuation model
including the expected life of the share option, volatility and dividend yield and making
assumptions about them.

The fair value at grant date is determined using a Black-Scholes option pricing model that
takes into account the exercise price, the term of the option, the impact of dilution, the
share price at grant date and expected price volatility of the underlying share, the expected
dividend yield and the risk free interest rate for the term of the option. Under IFRS, the
Company is required to estimate the number of forfeitures likely to occur on grant date and
reflect this in the share-based payment expense revising for actual experiences in
subsequent periods.


The Company is subject to a number of risks and uncertainties that could significantly
impact on its operations and future prospects. The following discussion pertains to certain
principal risks and uncertainties but is not, by its nature, all inclusive.

The only sources of future funds for further exploration programs which are presently
available to the Company are the sale of equity capital, or the offering by the Company of
an interest in its properties to be earned by another party carrying out further exploration.
There is no assurance that such sources of financing will be available on acceptable terms, if
at all. In the event that commercial quantities of minerals are found on the Company's
properties, the Company does not have the financial resources at this time to bring a mine
into production.

The current financial climate is characterized by volatile and uncertain times. The
uncertainty of forward looking statements is therefore greater. Diamond prices were
reduced significantly as a result of the economic downturn and the recovery could be
accompanied by volatility.

All of the Company's projects are located in the DRC The assets and operations of the
Company are therefore subject to various political, economic and other uncertainties,
including, among other things, the risks of war and civil unrest, hostage taking, military
repression, labor unrest, illegal mining, expropriation, nationalization, renegotiation or
nullification of existing licenses, permits, approvals and contracts, taxation policies, foreign
exchange and repatriation restrictions, changing political conditions, international monetary

fluctuations, currency controls and foreign governmental regulations that favor or require
the awarding of contracts to local contractors or require foreign contractors to employ
citizens of, or purchase supplies from, a particular jurisdiction. Changes, if any, in mining
or investment policies or shifts in political attitude in the DRC may adversely affect the
Company's operations. Operations may be affected in varying degrees by government
regulations with respect to, but not limited to, restrictions on production, price controls,
export controls, currency remittance, income taxes, foreign investment, maintenance of
claims, environmental legislation, land use, land claims of local people, water use and mine
safety. Failure to comply strictly with applicable laws, regulations and local practices
relating to mineral rights could result in loss, reduction or expropriation of entitlements. In
addition, in the event of a dispute arising from operations in the DRC, the Company may be
subject to the exclusive jurisdiction of foreign courts or may not be successful in subjecting
foreign persons to the jurisdiction of courts in Canada. The Company also may be hindered
or prevented from enforcing its rights with respect to a governmental instrumentality
because of the doctrine of sovereign immunity. It is not possible for the Company to
accurately predict such developments or changes in laws or policy or to what extent any
such developments or changes may have a material adverse effect on the Company's

The DRC is a developing nation emerging from a period of civil war and conflict. Physical
and institutional infrastructure throughout the DRC is in a debilitated condition. The DRC is
in transition from a largely state controlled economy to one based on free market principles,
and from a non-democratic political system with a centralized ethnic power base, to one
based on more democratic principles. There can be no assurance that these changes will be
effected or that the achievement of these objectives will not have material adverse
consequences for the Company and its operations. The DRC continues to experience
violence and significant instability in parts of the country due to certain militia and criminal
elements. While the government and United Nations forces are working to support the
extension of central government authority throughout the country, there can be no
assurance that such efforts will be successful.

All of the Company's properties are in the exploration stage only and none of the properties
contain a known body of commercial ore. The Company currently operates at a loss and does
not generate any revenue from operations. The exploration and development of mineral
deposits involve significant financial risks over a significant period of time which even a
combination of careful evaluation, experience and knowledge may not eliminate. Few
properties which are explored are ultimately developed into producing mines.  Major
expenditures may be required to establish reserves by drilling and to construct mining and
processing facilities at a site. It is impossible to ensure that the Company's exploration
programs will result in a profitable commercial mining operation.

The Company is exposed to currency risk as its principal business is conducted in foreign
currencies. Unfavorable changes in the applicable exchange rate may result in a decrease
or increase in foreign exchange gains or losses. The Company does not use derivative
instruments to reduce its exposure to foreign currency risk.

The Company's exploration and, if such exploration is successful, development of its properties
is subject to all of the hazards and risks normally incident to mineral exploration and
development, any of which could result in damage to life or property, environmental damage
and possible legal liability for any or all damage.

The natural resource industry is intensely competitive in all of its phases, and the Company
competes with many companies possessing greater financial resources and technical
facilities than itself.


a) Fair value of financial assets and liabilities

The consolidated statements of financial position carrying amounts for cash, prepaid expenses
and other assets and accounts payable and accrued liabilities approximate their fair value due
to their short-term nature. Due to the use of subjective judgments and uncertainties in the
determination of fair values these values should not be interpreted as being realizable in an
immediate settlement of the financial instruments.

The following presents the fair value and carrying value of the Company's financial
Fair value hierarchy
The following table provides an analysis of financial instruments that are measured subsequent
to initial recognition at fair value, grouped into Levels 1 to 3 based on the degree to which the
fair value is observable:
   -   Level 1 fair value measurements are those derived from quoted prices (unadjusted)
       in active markets for identical assets or liabilities;

   -   Level 2 fair value measurements are those derived from inputs other than quoted
       prices included within Level 1 that are observable for the asset or liability, either
       directly (i.e. as prices) or indirectly (i.e. derived from prices); and

   -   Level 3 fair value measurements are those derived from valuation techniques that
       include inputs for the asset or liability that are not based on observable market data
       (unobservable inputs).

The fair values of financial assets and liabilities carried at amortized cost are approximated
by their carrying values. Cash is ranked level 2 as it is based on similar loans in the

b) Risk Management Policies

   The Company is sensitive to changes in commodity prices and foreign-exchange. The
   Company?s Board of Directors has overall responsibility for the establishment and
   oversight of the Company?s risk management framework. Although the Company has the
   ability to address its price-related exposures through the use of options, futures and
   forward contacts, it does not generally enter into such arrangements.

c) Foreign Currency Risk

   Foreign currency risk is the risk that a variation in exchange rates between the Canadian
   dollar and United States dollar or other foreign currencies will affect the Company?s
   operations and financial results. Different portions of the Company?s transactions are
   denominated in United States dollars, Congolese francs and South African rand. The
   Company is also exposed to the impact of currency fluctuations on its monetary assets

   and liabilities. The Company?s functional currency is the Canadian dollar. The majority
   of major expenditures are transacted in US dollars. The Company maintains the
   majority of its cash in Canadian dollars but it does hold balances in US dollars.
   Significant foreign exchange gains or losses are reflected as a separate component of
   the consolidated statement of comprehensive loss. The Company does not use derivative
   instruments to reduce its exposure to foreign currency risk. See Note 9(c) of the
   Interim Financial Statements for additional details.

d) Credit Risk

   Financial instruments which are potentially subject to credit risk for the Company consist
   primarily of cash. Cash is maintained with several financial institutions of reputable
   credit in Canada, the DRC and South Africa and may be redeemed upon demand. It is
   therefore the Company?s opinion that such credit risk is subject to normal industry risks
   and is considered minimal.

e) Liquidity Risk

   Liquidity risk is the risk that the Company will not be able to meet its financial
   obligations as they become due. The Company attempts to ensure that there is sufficient
   cash to meet its liabilities when they are due and manages this risk by regularly
   evaluating its liquid financial resources to fund current and long-term obligations and to
   meet its capital commitments in a cost-effective manner. The key to success in
   managing liquidity is the degree of certainty in the cash flow projections. If future cash
   flows are fairly uncertain, the liquidity risk increases. The Company?s liquidity
   requirements are met through a variety of sources, including cash, credit facilities and
   equity capital markets. In light of market conditions, the Company initiated a series of
   measures to bring its spending in line with the projected cash flows from its operations
   and available project specific facilities in order to preserve its financial position and
   maintain its liquidity position.

f) Mineral Property Risk

   The Company?s operations in the DRC are exposed to various levels of political risk and
   uncertainties, including political and economic instability, government regulations
   relating to exploration and mining, military repression and civil disorder, all or any of
   which may have a material adverse impact on the Company?s activities or may result in
   impairment in or loss of part or all of the Company's assets.

g) Market Risk

  Market risk is the potential for financial loss from adverse changes in underlying market
  factors, including foreign-exchange rates, commodity prices, interest rates and stock
  based compensation costs.

h) Interest rate risk

  Interest rate risk is the potential impact on any Company earnings due to changes in
  bank lending rates and short term deposit rates. The Company is not exposed to

   significant interest rate risk other than cash flow interest rate risk on its cash. The
   Company does not use derivative instruments to reduce its exposure to interest rate risk.
   A fluctuation of interest rates of 1% would not affect significantly the fair value of cash.

i) Title risk

   Title to mineral properties involves certain inherent risks due to the difficulties of
   determining the validity of certain claims as well as the potential for problems arising
   from the frequently ambiguous conveyancing history characteristic of many mining
   properties. Although the Company has investigated title to all of its mineral properties
   for which it holds concessions or other mineral licenses, the Company cannot give any
   assurance that title to such properties will not be challenged or impugned and cannot be
   certain that it will have valid title to its mineral properties. The Company relies on title
   opinions by legal counsel who base such opinions on the laws of countries in which the
   Company operates.

j) Country risk

   The DRC is a developing country and as such, the Company?s exploration projects in the
   DRC could be adversely affected by uncertain political or economic environments, war,
   civil or other disturbances, a changing fiscal regime and by DRC?s underdeveloped
   industrial and economic infrastructure.

   The Company?s operations in the DRC may be affected by economic pressures on the
   DRC. Any changes to regulations or shifts in political attitudes are beyond the control of
   the Company and may adversely affect its business. Operations may be affected in
   varying degrees by factors such as DRC government regulations with respect to foreign
   currency conversion, production, price controls, export controls, income taxes or
   reinvestment credits, expropriation of property, environmental legislation, land use,
   water use and mine safety.

   There can be no assurance that policies towards foreign investment and profit
   repatriation will continue or that a change in economic conditions will not result in a
   change in the policies of the DRC government or the imposition of more stringent foreign
   investment restrictions. Such changes cannot be accurately predicted.

k) Capital Management

   The Company manages its cash, common shares and warrants as capital. The Company?s
   main objectives when managing its capital are:

       - to maintain a flexible capital structure which optimizes the cost of capital at an
         acceptable level of risk while providing an appropriate return to its shareholders;
       - to maintain a strong capital base so as to maintain investor, creditor and market
         confidence and to sustain future development of the business;
       - to safeguard the Company?s ability to obtain financing; and
       - to maintain financial flexibility in order to have access to capital in the event of
         future acquisitions.

   The Company manages its capital structure and makes adjustments to it in accordance
   with the objectives stated above, as well as responds to changes in economic conditions
   and the risk characteristics of the underlying assets.

  There were no significant changes to the Company?s approach to capital management
  during the three months ended September 30, 2013.

  Neither the Company nor any of its subsidiaries are subject to externally imposed capital


The Company has one operating segment: the acquisition, exploration and development
of mineral properties located in the DRC. The operations of the Company are located in
two geographic locations, Canada and the DRC. Geographic segmentation of non-current
assets is as follows:

18 November 2013
Arcay Moela Sponsors Proprietary Limited

Date: 18/11/2013 01:45:00 Supplied by www.sharenet.co.za                     
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