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GEMFIELDS GROUP LIMITED - Gemfields Group Limited condensed annual results for the year ended 31 December 2018

Release Date: 25/03/2019 07:05
Code(s): GML     PDF:  
 
Wrap Text
Gemfields Group Limited condensed annual results
for the year ended 31 December 2018

GEMFIELDS GROUP LIMITED
(Formerly Pallinghurst Resources Limited)
(Incorporated in Guernsey)
(Guernsey registration Number: 47656)
(South African external company registration number 2009/012636/10) 
Share code on the BSX: http://GML.BH  ISIN: GG00BG0KTL52
Share code on the JSE: GML
("Gemfields or "the Company")

GEMFIELDS GROUP LIMITED
CONDENSED ANNUAL RESULTS
for the year ended 31 December 2018

CHAIRMAN'S STATEMENT

The year to 31 December 2018 has been the first full financial reporting period for the reshaped Gemfields Group Limited ("GGL" or "the 
Company"), now a fully operating mining and marketing group focussed on supplying precious coloured gemstones from Africa to global markets.

The Company has undergone significant transformation in reaching its new structure and strategic focus. We converted from a limited-life, 
closed-ended investment fund to an operating mining company, made high-level changes to our senior management, and opted to focus on being 
a "pure-play", African precious coloured gemstone producer. The Company is now in a stronger position to support the strategic positioning 
of our sector-leading mining operations in Zambia and Mozambique and the ongoing development of Faberge, and to take advantage of suitable 
new opportunities, should they arise.

The year saw the Company face considerable challenges in Ethiopia, Mozambique and Zambia. The GGL share price endured a disappointing 12 
months, falling 40% by year-end. This behaviour of the share price flies against the performance of the Group's operations, where, inter 
alia, record revenues were achieved from the Gemfields assets in 2018, crossing the US$200 million threshold for the first time. The year 
was capped off by a remarkable milestone not only for Gemfields, but also for the coloured-gemstone sector: cumulative revenue from 
Gemfields' 41 auctions of Zambian emeralds and Mozambican rubies since June 2009 surpassed the US$1 billion mark. 

The legal case brought by Leigh Day was resolved on a no admission of liability basis. With the reshaping of the Group and the major 
challenges of 2018 now largely behind us, I hope to soon see the share price begin to reflect the underlying fundamentals. 

Our operations in Mozambique and Zambia generated revenues of US$127.1 million and US$60.3 million, respectively, in different market 
circumstances. The ruby auctions achieved record results, while the emerald market continued to suffer from a combination of deflating 
property prices in Jaipur, tight liquidity, and heightened regulatory scrutiny in India following the Nirav Modi scandal.

Overall, GGL generated EBITDA of US$58.9 million and recognised free cash flows of US$26.9 million before movements in working capital. 
Revenues were utilised to fund the development of a state-of-the-art sort house at MRM, the replacement of the ageing fleet at Kagem, and 
the development of new mining projects in Zambia and Ethiopia. During the year, GGL paid US$24.4 million and US$16.5 million of corporation 
tax and mineral royalties, respectively. At 31 December 2018, GGL was in a net cash position of US$9.8 million (31 December 2017: net debt 
of US$25.7 million) following the receipt of approximately US$64.4 million from the Jupiter IPO and the repayment of Faberge's loan facility
during the period.

Bringing our "mine and market" vision to life, Faberge recorded revenues of US$13.4 million in 2018, a new record. Operating costs were 
rigorously reduced, while the operating sales margin for the period also improved significantly. An increasing emphasis on e-commerce has 
been rewarded by triple-digit growth in online sales, albeit from a low base. As such, Faberge's operating performance has shown 
improvement.

Jupiter Mines Limited, in which GGL presently owns approximately 7.4%, and which, in turn, owns 49.9% of Tshipi, has, through its successful 
partnership with Ntsimbintle, built Tshipi into a large, long-life and low-cost operator of an industry-leading manganese mine. Tshipi 
continues to see strong performance and expects to sell over three million tonnes of high-grade manganese ore for its financial year to 28 
February 2019. During 2018, GGL received combined buy-back and dividend distributions of approximately US$13.0 million. In April 2018, 
Jupiter relisted on the ASX, with GGL supporting Jupiter in this initiative, resulting in AUD83.1 million (US$64.4 million) of net proceeds
being received by GGL. GGL will consider the orderly disposal of its remaining interest in Jupiter at an appropriate time, with the current 
post-IPO lock-in arrangements expiring fully by the end of September 2019. In February 2019, Jupiter announced that it will declare a final 
dividend of AUD0.025 per share for its shareholders, with GGL due to receive AUD3.6 million in May 2019. With Jupiter now relisted on the 
ASX, valuation of GGL's shareholding in Jupiter is relatively straightforward. 

Our platinum group metals ("PGM") investment, a 6.5% stake in Sedibelo, has entered its tenth year of production. Sedibelo continues to 
focus on minimising production costs, on cash preservation and on optimising operating efficiencies. Its safety record remains unsurpassed 
in the industry. The weakening of the South African rand against the US dollar has relieved some pressure on South African PGM producers 
and there appears to be new optimism and growth prospects amongst the major producers.

The valuation of unlisted mining companies remains a subjective exercise, critically dependent on the input assumptions made. We have 
applied a market-multiple approach to valuing Sedibelo's reserves and resources to yield approximately US$1.1 billion. As shareholders are 
aware, GGL views its 6.54% holding in Sedibelo as non-core, to be disposed of in an orderly manner when an acceptable opportunity might 
present itself.  Recognising the lack of liquidity available in realising a minority stake in an unlisted company we have applied a 30% 
"illiquidity discount". This has resulted in our Sedibelo holding being valued at US$50.4 million compared to US$98.1 million in the 
previous reporting period.  

The Company has made significant reductions in overall Board remuneration when compared with that originally approved by shareholders at 
our Annual General Meeting ("AGM") held on 26 June 2017. Nonetheless, 29.6% of shareholders voted against GGL's Remuneration Policy in the 
June 2018 AGM, thereby requiring that GGL consult with its shareholders. In August 2018, the Company hosted a telephone conference inviting
views on the Company's Remuneration Policy. The turnout at this meeting was disappointing, with only one shareholder - who had in fact voted
in favour of the policy - dialling in. GGL has therefore furthered efforts to seek shareholder feedback on an individual basis.

Perhaps our biggest challenge over the coming months will be in Zambia, where the government effected changes to the tax regime on 1 
January 2019, introducing, inter alia, a new 15% export tax on precious gemstones and metals. Combined with the existing 6% mineral royalty
levied on gemstones, this increases Kagem's total tax on revenues to 21%. In addition, the mineral royalty is no longer tax-deductible for 
corporation tax purposes. GGL and Kagem have been in active and regular dialogue with the relevant ministries since the changes were first 
mooted in October 2018. However, the changes have been enacted and, as such, an impairment loss in respect of Kagem of US$22.6 million has 
been recognised. We continue to face challenges in Ethiopia after a mob overran the site in June 2018. Our team complement, once 110 strong,
has been reduced to a handful while we seek solutions to the recommencement of bulk sampling work.

While our business inherently involves fairly volatile geological and political risks, making a maiden distribution to our shareholders 
remains a key ambition for the year ahead. In addressing a lack of broker research and share trading liquidity, as well as feedback from 
shareholders who received JSE-listed GGL shares in return for their AIM-listed Gemfields plc shares in 2017, our management team is 
exploring an additional listing in London during 2019 (without an associated capital raise).

I thank my fellow Directors and the hard-working GGL teams for what has been a challenging but successful year. With many of the 
uncertainties in the Group having been addressed, I look forward to the next chapter in GGL's vision of becoming "the DeBeers of coloured 
gemstones".

Brian Gilbertson
Chairman
22 March 2019

CHIEF EXECUTIVE'S STATEMENT

My tenure as Chief Executive Officer of the Company commenced in April 2018 and I would like to thank the outgoing Chief Executive, Arne H. 
Frandsen, and Finance Director, Andrew Willis, for their spirited contribution and stewardship during the Company's decade-long existence 
as an investment fund.

Today, after significant structural and strategic change in 2017 and 2018, GGL is an operating mining and marketing company focussed on 
precious coloured gemstones from arguably the world's most exciting continent, Africa.

Our emphasis remains on enhancing the operational performance of our existing mines and operations, as well as further improving our balance 
sheet. Aided by our marketing activities, 2018 delivered record auction revenues of US$187.4 million.

October 2018 saw the launch of our new 'Every Piece Unique' global consumer advertising campaign, inspiring generations young and old to 
discover coloured gemstones via a fresh and decidedly modern approach. The CGI-based video is set in an art gallery and sees sculptures, 
inspired by the many facets underpinning Gemfields, coming to life, highlighting Zambian emeralds, Mozambican rubies, Faberge and Gemfields' 
approach to transparency, sustainability and community projects in the fields of health, education, conservation and livelihood development.
The campaign has been very well received with, for example, the video being viewed more than 7 million times online alone. 

ZAMBIA 
Thanks to the august efforts of our team in Zambia, Kagem enjoyed a remarkable production year, with production in the "premium emerald"
category reaching, 224,000 carats exceeding the previous 12 months to 30 June 2017 by more than 400%. All-time records were also set for ore 
production, total carats produced, the number of carats in the emerald category, and the number of tonnes of rock handled at our principal 
pit, Chama. We invested a sizeable US$11.8 million, predominantly in the replacement of mining and ancillary equipment as well as in general infrastructure.

The reopened Mbuva-Chibolele operation continues to display encouraging signs, including the production of more than 5.5 million carats 
since production recommenced in December 2017. We also continue to progress the incorporation of Mbuva-Chibolele and other wholly owned 
Zambian emerald licences into (75%-owned) Kagem in order to create a larger company with greater operating scale and enhanced efficiencies. 

While Kagem's production was buoyant, market conditions for Zambian emeralds remained sluggish. The four emerald auctions during 2018 (two 
in Lusaka and two abroad) generated US$60.3 million in revenues, a tolerable result considering the ongoing financing and regulatory 
oversight challenges facing our Indian customers.

The tax regime changes introduced in Zambia on 1 January 2019 have a clear and detrimental impact on the profitability, cash flow and 
development of the gemstone sector in Zambia and we hope that our ongoing dialogue with the Zambian government will have a positive outcome.

MOZAMBIQUE
MRM continued its focus on producing a suitable mix of rubies to cater to market demands. During the year, a total of 2.9 million carats of 
ruby and corundum were produced, with a robust "premium ruby" production of 92,200 carats. We invested US$16.7 million in improvements to 
the existing mining and ancillary equipment, the Resettlement Action Plan, and a new, industry-leading sort house, which is set to 
significantly improve gemstone recovery.

Auger drilling in both the western and southern licences of Megaruma Mining Limitada ("MML") has shown positive signs of secondary ruby 
mineralisation and has been helpful in delineating gravel beds at these licences. A management service agreement was signed with MRM to 
facilitate commencement of bulk sampling and washing operations at the western licence of MML. MML. While it is too early in the process to 
draw conclusions, recovery results from the first bulk-sampling pit are disappointing. This is not uncommon during bulk-sampling exercises 
on deposits of this nature.

The two MRM auctions of mixed-quality rubies during the year generated record revenues of US$127.1 million, with the June 2018 auction 
achieving an all-time Gemfields auction record of US$71.8 million.

ETHIOPIA 
Web Gemstone Mining ("WGM") continued to produce "gemmy"-quality emeralds from the Dogogo South bulk sampling pit. Since emerald production began 
in October 2017, the Ethiopia operation has seen 283,535 carats of production in total, of which 11,190 carats were in the emerald grade. 
Regrettably, in June 2018, WGM's operations were overrun by a mob estimated at between 300 and 500 persons who looted the site and 
destroyed core sampling stores. The WGM team was safely evacuated, with only two individuals suffering minor injuries. We continue to 
monitor developments and to liaise with our stakeholders in the hope of recommencing bulk sampling in the future.

FABERGE
Our outright ownership of Faberge - an iconic and prestigious brand of exceptional heritage - enables us to optimise positioning, 
perception and consumer awareness of coloured gemstones, advancing the wider group's "mine and market" vision.

Faberge's emphasis for the year was on reducing operating costs and increasing sales from the e-commerce, wholesale and direct-sale 
channels. Faberge achieved record revenues for the year of US$13.4 million, with an EBITDA loss of US$4.6 million, a material improvement on 
prior comparative reporting periods. During the year, Faberge repaid its third-party debt facility, meaning that it no longer carries any 
third-party debt on its balance sheet. 

Faberge enjoyed extensive global coverage of the 'Spirit of Ecstasy Egg', created in partnership with Rolls-Royce Motor Cars. Two of 
Faberge's timepieces, the Faberge Dalliance Clover and the Visionnaire Chronograph Dynamique, were shortlisted for the prestigious Grand 
Prix d'Horlogerie de Geneve (GPHG) awards in the "Artistic Crafts" and "Sports" categories, respectively.

INVESTMENTS
Tshipi's management team yet again delivered exceptional results, with estimated production for its full year to 28 February 2019 expected 
to be at record levels. During April 2018, GGL participated in Jupiter's IPO, realising AUD83.1 million (US$64.4 million) for the disposal 
of 60% of our interest, at AUD0.40 per share. This cash injection has helped GGL return to a net cash position by paying down Faberge's 
third-party loan as well as MRM lease facilities. Jupiter has delivered a remarkable 24% dividend yield for its financial year to 28 
February 2019.

Sedibelo continues its focus on safety and has now achieved a record of over five million fatality-free shifts - one of the PGM industry's 
best safety records. Sedibelo dispatched 113,000 4E PGM ounces during the nine months to September 2018, 22% up on the comparative period. 
Sedibelo successfully commissioned construction of its chrome extraction plant. with the first cash flows being received during the period.

Given our focus on precious coloured gemstones, we will seek an orderly disposal of our interest in Sedibelo.

CASH VS PROFIT
Our Jupiter investment realised US$11.7 million of profit during the year from the IPO participation and another Jupiter share buy-back, 
offset by unrealised mark-to-market losses of US$11.9 million. A further US$5.3 million of cash was received from the Jupiter dividend in 
October 2018.

While 2018 saw record revenues from the Gemfields assets - exceeding US$200 million for the first time - the final results for the year have 
been significantly impacted by the fair value loss on Sedibelo and the impairment of Kagem, both of which are non-cash adjustments. 
We have applied an impairment charge of US$22.6 million to our Kagem asset as a result of the newly implemented tax changes in Zambia. 

As such, the results for 2018 are significantly different from our underlying cash performance. Free cash flows for the year were 
US$26.9 million before working capital adjustments (which are largely in relation to the overhang of the Singapore auction receivables at 
the year-end). Our free cash flows, taken together with our net cash position, highlight the possibility of a distribution to shareholders, 
conditional of course on favourable winds in the year ahead. 

Costs of an exceptional nature during the year include the Leigh Day settlement of US$7.4 million as well as higher than usual capital 
expenditure, with the majority being invested in the new sort house at MRM. The Company is also in the process of relocating its London 
headquarters to realise further corporate cost savings. 

I thank all of my colleagues across the Group for their sterling teamwork during what was a demanding and dynamic year, and I look forward 
to navigating 2019 alongside them.

Sean Gilbertson
Chief Executive Officer

FINANCIAL REVIEW

This financial review covers the Group's financial year from 1 January 2018 to 31 December 2018, being the first full year of Gemfields 
Group Limited, which incorporates the former Pallinghurst Resources Limited and the Gemfields group of companies. The information for the 
prior 12 months to 31 December 2017 relates to the five-month period from 1 August 2017 to 31 December 2017 from Gemfields and its 
subsidiaries, covering the period post the acquisition of Gemfields. However, to enhance comparability pre-acquisition figures for the 12 
months to 30 June 2017 have also been included, where possible.

A summary of the key financial indicators of the Group for the year ended 31 December 2018 are shown in the table below.

in millions of US$                                                                 2018                                 2017
Revenue                                                                         206,090                               81,650
EBITDA(1)                                                                        58,864                               30,486
(Loss)/profit after tax                                                         (60,431)                              45,054
Cash flow from operating activities                                               5,109                               14,842
Free cash flow(2)before working capital movements                                26,870                                6,190
Free cash flow(2)                                                               (26,193)                               2,097
Net cash/(debt)                                                                   9,817                              (25,686)

(1) Earnings before interest, taxation, depreciation and amortisation. 
(2) Free cash flow is calculated as cash flow from operating activities less capital expenditure.

The Group's primary financial KPIs are revenue, free cash flow and net cash/(debt).

Revenue
in millions of US$                                                                 2018                                 2017
                                                                                206,090                               81,650
Kagem                                                                            60,319                               21,502
MRM                                                                             127,115                               54,970
Faberge                                                                          13,392                                3,355
Other                                                                             5,264                                1,823
Total                                                                           206,090                               81,650
(1) Earnings before interest, taxation, depreciation and amortisation.
(2) Free cash flow is calculated as cash flow from operating activities less capital expenditure.



The Group achieved record revenues for the year of US$206.1 million (12 months to December 2017: US$81.7 million and 12 months to June 
2017: US$158.3 million), following four rough emerald and beryl auctions (two commercial-quality ("CQ") and two higher-quality ("HQ")) and 
two higher- and commercial-quality ("mixed") rough ruby and corundum auctions. The two ruby auctions generated US$127.1 million, whilst the 
four emerald auctions made US$60.3 million for the year.

The HQ and CQ emerald auctions realised higher average prices per carat at US$65.55 and US$3.54, respectively (12 months to June 2017: HQ 
US$63.61 per carat and CQ US$3.53 per carat), demonstrating some green shoots of recovery in the Indian market following the recent 
downturn related to the Nirav Modi fallout and the resulting property market slump. The HQ auction held in Singapore in November 2018 
realised the second-highest price per carat in Kagem's history of US$68.03. The bulk of Kagem's emerald customers operate in India, where 
the gemstone and jewellery sectors are suffering from the fallout of the Nirav Modi fraud, in which Indian banks suffered significant 
losses. Consequently, access to traditional sources of finance has been restricted for many companies in the Indian gemstone and jewellery 
industry.With reduced funding available, customers had to be much more selective about the auction lots they wished to secure. Given the 
confidence in the value and quality of the gemstones offered, auction lots (at all auctions) that did not meet our reserve prices were held 
back to aid market stability during the present period of turbulence.

MRM achieved record revenues during the year, with the mixed-quality auction in June realising US$71.8 million at an average price of 
US$122.03 per carat, and that in November 2018 realising US$55.3 million at an average price of US$84.32 per carat, as the ruby market 
continued to show signs of strength and stable demand.

Wholly-owned Faberge generated revenues of US$13.4 million, underpinned by retail sales of US$4.2 million and US$6.8 million from 
wholesale sales and US$2.4 million from other channels.

COSTS 
Total mining and production taxes (excluding mineral royalties and production taxes and impairments) were US$55.8 million (12 months to 
December 2017: US$22.3 million and 12 months to June 2017: US$56.5 million), with the major contributors being labour (US$20.7 million), 
fuel (US$11.5 million), repairs and maintenance (US$8.6 million), and security. The production cost base has been impacted by inflationary 
pressures in all jurisdictions, with the price of fuel rising along with wage. However, these were partially offset by cost optimisation 
programmes across the Group during the year.

Mineral royalties and production taxes were US$16.5 million (12 months to December 2017: US$6.9 million and 12 months to June 2017: US$6.4 
million) and are calculated as 10% on ruby revenues in Mozambique and 6% on emerald sales in Zambia. The higher revenues in both countries 
have seen a rise in the amounts paid.

On the acquisition of Gemfields in 2017, the purchase price allocation resulted in an uplift to the mining assets at Kagem and MRM, 
representing the excess purchase consideration. The significantly larger mining assets are amortised on the unit-of-production basis, 
resulting in higher depreciation and amortisation costs of US$30.6 million (December 2017: US$22.2 million and 12 months to June 2017: 
US$7.0 million). Depreciation on property, plant and equipment during the year, excluding these mine assets, was US$13.5 million.

Selling, general and administrative expenses, excluding impairment charges, were US$61.8 million (12 months to December 2017: US$32.2 
million and 12 months to June 2017: US$59.5 million), principally driven by: labour costs of US$16.6 million; selling, marketing and 
advertising costs of US$12.5 million, which included the latest Gemfields media campaign; professional fees of US$15.6 million; and rent, 
rates and office expenses of US$4.5 million. The significant professional fees result primarily from the Group's resolution of the Leigh Day 
claims of US$9.2 million. This consists of a US$7.4 million settlement figure, comprising the sum to be distributed to the claimants by 
Leigh Day and their legal expenses, and US$1.8 million of legal fees paid for the Group's defence. The year ended 31 December 2017 only had 
five months of the Gemfields operations and also included expenses of the former Pallinghurst investment activities, such as the investment 
manager's benefit, share-based payments, and costs associated with the takeover of Gemfields.

The Group's strategy for growing demand through the enhancement of knowledge and understanding of coloured gemstones continues to 
necessitate spend on marketing and advertising costs.

The benefits of the cost saving and of the efficiency initiatives commencing in late 2017 have had a positive impact on the Group's overall 
cost base over 2018. It is expected that these initiatives will continue into 2019.

The cost base of the Group in the current year has been impacted by fluctuations in foreign currency exchange rates in our key operating 
locations. The US dollar ("USD") average rate over the year has weakened by 3% against the Mozambican metical ("MZN") and 2% against pound 
sterling ("GBP"), whilst strengthening by 11% against the Zambian kwacha ("ZMW"). These fluctuations have had a favourable impact on costs 
in Zambia, and an adverse effect on costs in Mozambique and the United Kingdom.

Total operating costs at Faberge are at their lowest level of US$9.9 million (12 months to December 2017: US$5.1 million, and 12 months 
to June 2017: US$15.8 million), reflecting the continued benefit of the cost optimisation and efficiencies implemented, which saw reduced 
labour and marketing and advertising spend, as well as the benefit of a weaker GBP.

EARNINGS BEFORE INTEREST, TAX, DEPRECIATION AND AMORTISATION ("EBITDA") 
With record revenues achieved and two HQ auctions at Kagem, coupled with fairly flat costs reflecting the Group's ongoing cost optimisation 
strategy, EBITDA was US$58.9 million (12 months to December 2017: US$30.5 million and 12 months to June 2017: US$60.3 million).

IMPAIRMENT CHARGES AND WRITE-OFFS
The Group recognised impairment charges and write-offs of US$26.6 million primarily relating to the US$22.6 million for Kagem, and inventory 
impairments of US$2.6 million.

The introduction of the 15% export levy in Zambia was deemed to be an impairment indicator as at 31 December 2018. As a result, and as 
required by accounting standards, an impairment review was performed factoring in the export levy, which led to a charge being recognised. 
Following the impairment charge, Kagem's carrying value and recoverable value are US$184.2 million. The Group continues to engage all levels 
of authority within the Government of the Republic of Zambia to remedy this critical situation. In the event that the levy is reduced or 
rescinded, or were Kagem to get an exemption, then some or all of the impairment charge recognised is expected to reverse in 2019. 

FAIR VALUE AND OTHER GAINS AND LOSSES 
Fair value and other gains and losses arise from the transactions in respect of the Group's investment in Jupiter Mines Limited, an 
Australian-listed manganese mine which main asset is a 49.9% interest in Tshipi e Ntle manganese mine, and Sedibelo Platinum Mines Limited, 
a South African platinum mine. 

In 2018, the Group realised US$11.7 million gains from the Jupiter share buy-back and Initial Public Offering (IPO) and US$5.3 million of 
dividends from Jupiter. In addition, US$11.9 million of unrealised mark-to-market losses were recognised, following a fall in the share 
price at the balance sheet date. In total, the Group made a net income of US$5.1 from Jupiter, receiving a total of US$77.4 million in cash
throughout 2018. 

The Sedibelo valuation as at 31 December 2018 of US$50.4 million is after a fair value loss of US$47.6 million. In considering the valuation 
of the Sedibelo stake, the Directors have taken into account the impact of GGL's desire to seek an orderly disposal of its minority holding 
and have adopted a market-multiple valuation approach to Sedibelo's reserves and resources. Accordingly, the value of the investment in 
Sedibelo was discounted to US$50.4 million from US$98.1 million. 

In 2017, the Group recognised an unrealised US$64.4 million loss on the revaluation of the shares it acquired in Gemfields in June and July 
2017; and US$16.3 million on the revaluation of the unlisted Sedibelo investment. In addition, the Group recognised a US$96.4 million 
bargain purchase gain on the acquisition of Gemfields and US$27.5 million on the mark-to-market of Jupiter. The bargain purchase of 
US$96.4 million recognised in the income statement arises, as the fair value of Gemfields' net assets acquired exceeded the fair value of 
the total consideration at the acquisition date.

FINANCE INCOME, EXPENSES AND FOREIGN EXCHANGE DIFFERENCES 
The net finance expenses (exclusive of exchange differences) during the financial year were US$6.6 million (12 months to December 2017: 
US$ 2.9 million and 12 months to June 2017: US$5.1 million), mainly comprising US$7.3 million in interest on the Gordon Brothers loan at 
Faberge, the Kagem Barclays facility, and the overdraft facilities at MRM, which were offset by interest earning on cash balances across 
the Group.

The net foreign exchange loss of US$2.2 million (12 months to 31 December 2017: US$0.9 million gain and 12 months to June 2017: US$0.3 
million) reflects the movement of the USD against the GBP, the MZN and the ZMW.

Taxation
in millions of US$, unless otherwise stated                                        2018                                 2017
EBITDA(1)                                                                       (53,948)                              52,643
Income tax expense                                                                6,483                                7,589
Effective tax rate (%)                                                             -12%                                  14%
Cash tax paid                                                                    24,378                               10,959

The tax charge for the year was US$6.5 million (12 months to December 2017: US$7.6 million), calculated on a loss before tax of US$53.9 
million (12 months to December 2017: profit of US$52.6 million), resulting in an effective tax rate of -12% (December 2017: 14%).The tax 
charge for the year consisted of a current tax charge of US$20.6 million and a deferred tax credit of US$14.1 million. 

The effective tax rate of -12% arises as a result of impairment losses, non-deductible settlement costs and taxes withheld on dividends 
received from MRM. The fair value loss recognised for Sedibelo, the impairment charge at Kagem and the impairment of intragroup loans due 
from Faberge were non-deductible for tax, putting upward pressure on the tax rate.

The rate, when normalised for the effect of impairments, was 35% (12 months to December 2017: 38%).

The current income tax charge consists of the MRM tax charge of US$20.8 million, US$1.5 million for the 8% withholding tax on dividend 
distributions paid by MRM and a US$1.7 million current tax credit at Kagem. MRM's effective tax rate during the year was 35%, the UK -6% 
and Kagem 46%.

The deferred tax credit principally originates from the tax effect of mining assets and inventory recognised on the acquisition of 
Gemfields, various tax losses, and property, plant and equipment. Of the total deferred tax credit, US$9.0 million related to the impairment 
of mining property and tax losses at Kagem. Faberge generated taxable losses for the year against which the Group recognised a deferred tax 
asset of US$2.5 million in respect of US$14.5 million in losses that can be utilised as part of a future UK group relief claim.

Statutory corporate tax rates in other major operational countries remained broadly similar in the year.

NET PROFIT AFTER TAXATION
The Group made a loss after tax for the year of US$60.4 million (12 months to December 2017: US$45.1 million profit and 12 months to June 
2017: US$23.1 million loss), as the impairment charges and fair value losses have eroded the EBITDA.

On a normalised basis, excluding dividends received, impairment charges and write-offs, fair value movements and Leigh Day settlement costs, 
the Group would have recognised a profit after tax of US$18.0 million. The year to 31 December 2017 included the US$96.4 million bargain 
purchase gain on the Gemfields acquisition and the US$53.2 million net unrealised fair value losses on the Group's investments.

Earnings per share for the year ended 31 December 2018 was a loss of US$0.05 compared with earnings of US$0.04 in 2017, reflecting the loss 
for the year compared with the large gains in 2017 as discussed above and the relatively stable weighted average number of shares in issue. 
Normalised earnings per share for the year (excluding impairments and extraordinary legal claims and fees) would be a profit of US$0.01.

Headline earnings per share were a loss of US$0.03 compared with a loss in 2017 of US$0.06. The 2018 Headline earnings exclude the 
impairment charges recognised in the year whilst 2017 removed the gains realised on the Gemfields acquisition. Consequently, the headline 
earnings in 2017 were a loss of US$58.5 million compared with a loss of US$42.4 million in 2018. The headline earnings in 2018 represent 
the inclusion of the Gemfields group companies for a full year compared with five months in 2017.

CAPITAL EXPENDITURE 
Capital expenditure, including intangibles, in the year was US$31.3 million (12 months to December 2017: US$12.7 million and 12 months to 
June 2017: US$26.1 million). The majority, that is, US$16.7 million, was spent at MRM, comprising US$12.9 million invested in expansion 
and exploration, principally the new sort house, US$2.1 million in existing mining and ancillary equipment replacements, and US$1.7 million 
associated with the Resettlement Action Plan ("RAP"). At Kagem, US$11.8 million was invested in replacement mining and ancillary equipment, 
particularly yellow goods and infrastructure improvements.

The remainder, that is, US$2.8 million, was spent at Gemfields Ltd and on new projects, mainly in Ethiopia and Mozambique.

CASH FLOWS
Net cash and cash equivalents increased by US$25.3 million to US$63.0 million during the year.

The Group generated US$29.5 million from operations during the current financial year, following the higher EBITDA. From this, US$24.4 
million was paid in taxes, primarily US$23.8 million at MRM and US$0.6 million at Kagem, such that net cash flow from operating activities 
was US$5.1 million.

Capital expenditure of US$31.3 million was substantially higher than in 2017, as Kagem increased its heavy equipment and machinery and MRM 
invested in the new sort house and the RAP.

With the higher EBITDA offset by increased capital expenditure and taxes, free cash flow before working capital movements was US$26.9 
million compared with US$6.2 million in 2017. Working capital movements of US$53.1 million largely relate to higher auction receivables 
following the November and December auctions.


in millions of US$                                                                 2018                                 2017
EBITDA                                                                           58,864                               30,486
Change in inventory                                                              18,106                               (7,003)
Taxation (excluding royalties)                                                  (24,378)                             (10,959)
Capital expenditure                                                             (31,302)                             (12,745)
VAT refunds                                                                       5,580                                1,309
Loans repaid by investments                                                           -                                4,948
Interest received                                                                     -                                  154
Free cash flow before working capital movements                                  26,870                                6,190
Working capital movements                                                       (53,063)                              (4,093)
Free cash flow                                                                  (26,193)                               2,097

During the financial year, the total cash generated from investing activities was US$46.7 million, as proceeds of US$64.4 million from the 
Jupiter IPO, US$5.3 million Jupiter dividends and US$ 7.7 million from share buy-backs offset the capital expenditure of US$31.3 million 
(as discussed above).

The Group's financing activities saw the repayment of the Gordon Brothers loan of US$18.0 million and the MRM lease facilities of US$10.5 
million plus financing costs, the payment of a US$5.9 million dividend to our partner at MRM (including withholding tax), the buy-back of 
Gemfields Group Limited shares in the early part of the year of US$4.7 million, and interest and finance costs paid of US$5.0 million. In 
addition, MRM utilised US$18.1 million of its overdraft as at 31 December 2018.

FINANCIAL POSITION
The Group's balance sheet is summarised below:

in millions of US$                                                                 2018                                 2017
Non-current assets                                                              509,699                              639,616
Current assets                                                                  224,369                              184,101
Total assets                                                                    734,068                              823,717
Non-current liabilities                                                        (121,567)                            (169,597)
Current liabilities                                                             (62,386)                             (37,009)
Total liabilities                                                              (183,953)                            (206,606)
Net assets                                                                      550,115                              617,111

Assets
in millions of US$                                                                 2018                                 2017
Mining asset                                                                    303,315                              332,974
Property, plant and equipment, and intangibles                                  114,027                               94,359
Listed, unlisted and other investments                                           77,634                              197,483
Inventory                                                                        99,237                              118,813
Auction receivables                                                              41,137                                  863
Cash and cash equivalents                                                        62,988                               37,784
Other assets, including deferred taxation                                        35,730                               41,441
Total assets                                                                    734,068                              823,717

Mining assets
The mining asset primarily relates to the recognition of the fair values of Kagem and MRM at the date that GGL acquired Gemfields in July 
2017 and represents the allocation of the value of the consideration paid to Gemfields shareholders. These assets are amortised on the 
unit-of-production basis over the life of mine. At 31 December 2018, these are US$117.7 million at Kagem, and US$160.8 million at MRM, 
with the Kagem asset having been reduced following the US$22.6 million impairment charge recognised. MML and other exploration assets make 
up the remainder of the US$303.3 million.

Listed and unlisted investments
The Group's listed investment represents the 7.44% holding in Jupiter Mines Limited and is valued at its share price at the balance sheet 
date. The Group's interest in Jupiter is valued at the 31 December 2018 mid-price of AUD0.250 per share, translated at the closing rate of 
US$1/AUD1.4174.

In January 2018, Jupiter made an equal offer buy-back of 5.81% of its shares in issue, at US$0.35 per share. The Group participated in this 
Jupiter share buy-back, receiving approximately US$7.7 million in March 2018.

On 18 April 2018, Jupiter successfully relisted on the Australian Securities Exchange with a secondary capital raising of AUD240 million 
(US$185 million), which comprised an AUD225 million institutional allocation and an AUD15 million allocation to the general public. The 
IPO was significantly oversubscribed. Gemfields received AUD83.1 million (US$64.4 million) from Jupiter by participating in the IPO.

On 17 September 2018, Jupiter announced the details of an interim unfranked dividend of AUD0.05 per share. The Group, as a 7.44% 
shareholder in Jupiter received AUD7.3 million (US$5.3 million), translated at the US$/AUD exchange rate on 26 September 2018, the date GGL
entered into a forward US$/AUD contract.The Group received the dividend on 10 October 2018.

On 19 February 2019, Jupiter announced the details of a final unfranked dividend of AUD0.025 per share. The Group is due to receive AUD3.6 
million (US$2.6 million), translated at the US$/AUD 1.4128 exchange rate on 4 March 2019, the date GGL entered into a forward US$/AUD 
contract. 
The Group will receive its dividend on 21 May 2019.

The Group holds an equity interest in Sedibelo Platinum Mines ("Sedibelo"), a producer of platinum group metals ("PGMs") with interests in 
the Bushveld Complex in South Africa.

The Sedibelo valuation as at 31 December 2018 of US$50.4 million is after a significant fair value loss of US$47.6 million. In considering 
the valuation of the Sedibelo stake, the Directors have taken into account the impact of GGL's desire to seek an orderly disposal of its 
minority holding. 

Consequently, the most appropriate valuation methodology to apply is a market comparables analysis comparing the Enterprise Values of 
Sedibelo's peer group with their total average mineral reserves and resources base and then applying this to Sedibelo's estimated reserves 
and resources (price per 4E ounce) to arrive at an estimated valuation of Sedibelo.

The Directors have considered the liquidity of the Group's interest in Sedibelo and have applied a 30% discount to the market comparables 
valuation.

Inventory

in millions of US$                                                                 2018                                 2017
Rough emeralds and beryl                                                         36,273                               49,967
Rough rubies and corundum                                                        15,877                               21,374
Faberge jewellery and watches                                                    35,030                               35,482
Cut and polished product                                                          5,916                                7,264
Spares and consumables                                                            6,141                                4,727
Total                                                                            99,237                              118,813

Inventory decreased by US$19.6 million to US$99.2 million. The fall in inventory comprised US$5.5 million in lower rough ruby and 
corundum inventory at MRM following the December 2018 auction, a US$13.7 million decline in rough emerald and beryl inventory at Kagem and 
in India as sales for the year exceeded production, a US$0.5 million decrease in jewellery and watches inventory at Faberge, and a US$1.3 
million lower cut and polished product reflecting sales in the year. Additionally, there was a US$1.4 million increase in spares and 
consumables.

Net debt

in millions of US$                                                                 2018                                 2017
Cash and cash equivalents                                                        62,988                               37,784
Current borrowings                                                               23,171                                4,178
Non-current borrowings                                                           30,000                               59,292
Net cash/(debt)                                                                   9,817                              (25,686)

Cash and cash equivalents of US$63.0 million have increased by US$25.2 million following record revenues, a higher EBITDA, and the proceeds 
from the Jupiter IPO.

The financing facilities used to support the working capital and other funding requirements of the Group, and to sustain its planned growth 
and expansion, are discussed below.

Kagem has a revolving credit facility of US$35 million which bears interest at three-month US LIBOR plus 5.5% per annum and is payable in 
February 2020. The facility was fully drawn at 31 December 2018. The loan facility was subject to four financial covenants, which are 
tested half-yearly. As at 31 December 2018, Barclays Bank Zambia had waived the covenant testing, as discussions on the refinancing of 
these facilities were ongoing. As part of the waiver, Kagem has committed to repaying US$5.0 million of this facility by 31 March 2019, so 
this has been classified as current borrowings on the Group's balance sheet as at 31 December 2018.

In May 2017, Faberge UK Limited finalised a US$25 million, three-year extendable facility with Gordon Brothers Finance Company. The loan 
was an asset-based facility with security over the inventory at Faberge Inc, Faberge UK Limited, Gemfields Ltd and Gemfields USA Inc, and a 
debenture over Faberge, including the brand. The facility attracted interest at three-month US LIBOR plus 6.1%, renewable for two further 
years, taking the tenure of the loan to a potential five years. The outstanding amounts were repaid in June 2018 and the facility ceased.

MRM has the following facilities:

- A US$15 million unsecured overdraft facility entered into with Barclays Bank Mozambique S.A. in April 2016. The facility has an interest 
rate of three-month US LIBOR plus 4.0% per annum. At 31 December 2018, US$14.5 million was drawn.
- A US$15 million overdraft facility entered into with Banco Comercial E De Investimentos, S.A. ("BCI") in June 2016. This facility is 
valid for 18 months and is renewable. The facility has an interest rate of three-month US LIBOR plus 3.75% per annum. At 31 December 2018, 
US$3.7 million was drawn.
- A US$15 million finance leasing facility entered into by MRM with BCI in June 2016. This is a renewable facility with a drawdown period 
of 18 months, and the amounts drawn down are repayable over a maximum period of 48 months. The facility has an interest rate of three-month 
US LIBOR plus 3.75% per annum. During the year, the balance was repaid in full such that, at 31 December 2018, the outstanding balance 
was US$Nil.

For an analysis of the outstanding facility liabilities at year-end, please see note 9 of the Consolidated Financial Statements.

David Lovett
Chief Financial Officer
22 March 2019

CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED INCOME STATEMENT
for the year ended 31 December 2018
                                                                              2018                      2017
                                                                           US$'000                   US$'000
                                                            Notes         

Revenue                                                         1          206,090                    81,650
Cost of sales                                                   2         (123,546)                  (44,319)
Gross profit                                                                82,544                    37,331
Unrealised fair value losses                                    7          (59,559)                  (53,218)
Other gains and income                                                      17,659                     6,289
Selling, general and administrative expenses                               (63,170)                  (32,154)
Impairment charges                                              6          (22,577)                        -
Bargain purchase gain on Gemfields Acquisition                  4                -                    96,406
(Loss)/profit from operations                                              (45,103)                   54,654
Finance income                                                                 805                     1,240
Finance costs                                                               (9,650)                   (3,251)
Net finance costs                                                           (8,845)                   (2,011)
(Loss)/profit before taxation                                              (53,948)                   52,643
Taxation                                                        5           (6,483)                   (7,589)
NET (LOSS)/PROFIT AFTER TAXATION                                           (60,431)                   45,054
(Loss)/profit for the year attributable to:
Owners of the parent                                                       (62,213)                   37,892
Non-controlling interest                                                     1,782                     7,162
                                                                           (60,431)                   45,054
(Loss)/earnings per share attributable to the parent:          10 
Basic - US$                                                                 (0.05)                     0.04
Diluted - US$                                                               (0.05)                     0.04


CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENT OF COMPREHENSIVE INCOME
for the year ended 31 December 2018
                                                                               2018                      2017
                                                                           US$'000                    US$'000
                                                            Notes         

(Loss)/profit after taxation                                               (60,431)                    45,054                                                
Other comprehensive income/(loss):
Items that have been/may be reclassified subsequently to profit or loss: 
Exchange gain/(loss) arising on translation of foreign operations              209                     (1,169)
Total other comprehensive income/(loss)                                        209                     (1,169)
TOTAL COMPREHENSIVE (LOSS)/INCOME                                          (60,222)                    43,885
Total comprehensive (loss)/income attributable to
Owners of the parent                                                       (62,004)                    36,723
Non-controlling interest                                                     1,782                      7,162
                                                                           (60,222)                    43,885

CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENT OF FINANCIAL POSITION 
as at 31 December 2018

                                                                              2018                      2017
                                                                           US$'000                   US$'000
                                                            Notes
ASSETS
Non-current assets
Property, plant and equipment                                   6          365,014                   378,021
Intangible assets                                                           52,328                    49,312
Unlisted equity investments                                     7           50,447                   196,164
Listed equity investments                                       7           25,714                         -
Other investments                                                            1,473                     1,319
Deferred tax assets                                             5            6,381                     6,775
Other non-current assets                                                     8,342                     8,025
Total non-current assets                                                   509,699                   639,616
Current assets 
Inventory                                                       8           99,237                   118,813
Other investments                                                                2                         6
Trade and other receivables                                                 62,142                    27,498
Cash and cash equivalents                                                   62,988                    37,784
Total current assets                                                       224,369                   184,101
Total assets                                                               734,068                   823,717

LIABILITIES
Non-current liabilities
Deferred tax liabilities                                        5           87,805                   102,347
Borrowings                                                      9           30,000                    59,292
Provisions                                                                   5,572                     7,958
Total non-current liabilities                                              123,377                   169,597
Current liabilities
Provisions                                                                   7,877                     4,619
Current tax payable                                                          1,370                     7,041
Borrowings                                                      9           23,171                     4,178
Trade and other payables                                                    28,158                    21,171
Total current liabilities                                                   60,576                    37,009
Total liabilities                                                          183,953                   206,606
Net assets                                                                 550,115                   617,111

EQUITY
Share capital                                                                   14                        14
Share premium                                                              531,607                   531,607
Treasury shares                                                             (5,345)                     (654)
Reserve for own shares                                                     (23,319)                  (23,319)
Cumulative translation                                                        (960)                   (1,169)
Option reserve                                                               5,474                     2,692
Retained earnings                                                          (31,276)                   29,552
Attributable to equity holders of the parent                               476,195                   538,723
Non-controlling interest                                                    73,920                    78,388
Total equity                                                               550,115                   617,111

The Financial Statements were approved and authorised for issue by the Directors on 22 March 2019 and were signed on their behalf by:
David Lovett                 Sean Gilbertson
Director                     Director
22 March 2019                22 March 2019

The accompanying notes form part of these Financial Statements.

CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENT OF CASH FLOWS
for the year ended 31 December 2018
                                                                              2018                      2017
                                                                           US$'000                   US$'000
                                                            Notes
Cash flow from operating activities
(Loss)/profit before taxation                                              (53,948)                   52,643
Adjustments for
Loan interest income                                                             -                      (154)
Unrealised fair value losses                                    7           59,559                    53,218
Realised fair value gains                                       7          (11,680)                   (5,841)
Dividend income                                                 3           (5,271)                        -
Bargain purchase on Gemfields Acquisition                       4                -                   (96,406)
Depreciation and amortisation                                   2           30,633                    22,169
Impairment charges and write-offs                                           26,559                         -
Share-based payments                                                         4,167                     2,692
Other                                                                          (49)                       (8)
Finance income                                                                (805)                   (1,240)
Finance expense                                                              9,650                     3,251
Loss on sale of property, plant and equipment                                    -                        34
Increase in non-current assets                                                (125)                        -
Increase in non-current liabilities                                            461                         -
(Increase)/decrease in trade and other receivables                         (39,183)                    2,368
Decrease/(increase) in inventory                                             8,631                    (9,681)
Increase/(decrease) in trade and other payables                                888                    (2,346)
Cash generated from operations                                              29,487                    20,699
Loans repaid by investments(1)                                                   -                     4,948
Interest received(1)                                                             -                       154
Tax paid (excluding withholding tax)                                       (24,378)                  (10,959)
Net cash generated from operating activities                                 5,109                    14,842
Cash flows from investing activities
Purchase of intangible assets                                               (2,311)                   (1,790)
Purchases of property, plant and equipment                                 (28,991)                  (10,955)
Interest received                                                              659                        82
Sale of property, plant and equipment                                            -                        36
Proceeds from Jupiter Initial Public Offering (IPO)                         64,397                         -
Dividends received from Jupiter                                              5,271                         -
Proceeds from Jupiter shares buy-backs                                       7,726                    14,697
Cash acquired with subsidiaries                                                  -                    33,367
Investments acquired                                                          (101)                        -
Net cash generated from investing activities                                46,650                    35,437
Cash flows from financing activities
Dividends paid to non-controlling interest of Montepuez Ruby 
Mining (including withholding tax)                                          (5,850)                   (6,206)
Cash paid for treasury shares                                               (4,691)                     (654)
Gemfields Acquisition - share issue transaction costs                            -                    (1,643)
Proceeds from borrowings                                                    18,110                         -
Repayment of borrowings                                                    (29,959)                   (2,485)
Interest paid                                                               (5,046)                   (2,406)
Release of previously restricted cash at Faberge                             1,023                         -
Net cash utilised in financing activities                                  (26,413)                  (13,394)
NET INCREASE IN CASH AND CASH EQUIVALENTS                                   25,346                    36,885
Cash and cash equivalents at the beginning of the period                    37,784                     1,218
Net foreign exchange gain on cash                                             (142)                     (319)
CASH AND CASH EQUIVALENTS AT THE END OF THE YEAR                            62,988                    37,784

(1) These were considered to be operating activities during the period from 1 January 2017 to 31 July 2017, when Gemfields Group Limited 
(formerly Pallinghurst Resources) was an investment company.


CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENT OF CHANGES IN EQUITY 
for the year ended 31 December 2018
                                                                                                   Total
                                                                                                   attributable
                                                                   Cumulative            Retained  to equity   Non-
                         Share     Share     Reserve for Treasury  translation Option    earnings/ holders of  controlling  Total
                         capital   premium   own shares  shares    reserve     reserve   (losses)  the parent  interest     equity
                         US$'000   US$'000   US$'000     US$'000   US$'000     US$'000   US$'000   US$'000     US$'000      US$'000

Balance at 1 January 2017      8    375,227         -           -         -           -    (8,340)  366,895           -      366,895    
Profit for the year            -          -         -           -         -           -    37,892    37,892       7,162       45,054
Other comprehensive loss       -          -         -           -    (1,169)          -         -    (1,169)          -       (1,169)
Total comprehensive
income                         -          -         -           -    (1,169)          -    37,892    36,723       7,162       43,885
Gemfields Acquisition - NCI    -          -         -           -         -           -         -         -      83,480       83,480
Gemfields Acquisition
- further acquisition of
NCI                            -     7,254          -           -         -           -         -     7,254      (7,254)           -
Gemfields Acquisition
- shares issued in
exchange for Gemfields
shares                         6   150,769          -           -         -           -         -   150,775           -      150,775
Gemfields Acquisition
- share issue costs            -    (1,643)         -           -         -           -         -    (1,643)          -       (1,643)
Gemfields Acquisition
- own shares acquired          -         -    (23,319)          -         -           -         -   (23,319)          -      (23,319)
Shares bought back
during the year, net
of transaction costs           -         -          -        (654)        -           -         -      (654)          -         (654)
Share options recognised
during the year                -         -          -           -         -       2,973         -     2,973           -        2,973
Share options forfeited
during the year                -         -          -           -         -        (281)        -      (281)          -         (281)
Dividends declared
to non-controlling
interest of Montepuez
Ruby Mining                    -         -          -           -         -           -         -         -      (5,000)      (5,000)
Balance at 31 December 2017   14   531,607    (23,319)       (654)   (1,169)      2,692     29,552  538,723      78,388      617,111

Balance at 
1 January 2018                14    531,607    (23,319)       (654)   (1,169)      2,692     29,552  538,723      78,388      617,111
Profit for the year            -          -          -           -         -           -    (62,213) (62,213)      1,782      (60,431)
Other comprehensive
income                         -          -          -           -       209           -          -      209           -          209
Total comprehensive
income                         -          -          -           -       209           -    (62,213) (62,004)       1,782     (60,222)
Shares bought back
during the year, net
of transaction costs           -          -          -      (4,691)        -           -          -   (4,691)           -      (4,691)
Share options recognised
during the year                -          -          -           -         -       4,167          -    4,167            -       4,167
Share options lapsed/
forfeited during the year      -          -          -           -         -      (1,385)     1,385        -            -           -
Dividends declared
to non-controlling
interest of Montepuez
Ruby Mining                    -          -          -           -         -           -          -        -       (6,250)     (6,250)
Balance at
31 December 2018              14    531,607    (23,319)     (5,345)     (960)      5,474    (31,276) 476,195       73,920     550,115


NOTES TO THE CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
for the year ended 31 December 2018

1. SEGMENTAL REPORTING
With effect from 1 August 2017, the Chief Operating Decision Maker ("CODM") is the Executive Management, which measures the performance of 
each operating segment on a regular basis in order to allocate resources. 

The Group's segmental reporting was previously based around its three Investment Platforms: PGMs, Steel Making Materials, and Coloured 
Gemstones, each of which was categorised as an operating segment. Each investment was assessed on this basis, and, as such, each of the 
Group's operating segments may have included multiple mines and other assets. Mr Brian Gilbertson, Non-Executive Chairman (as of 1 January 
2018), undertook the role of CODM up to 31 July 2017.

Subsequent to the 100% acquisition of Gemfields Ltd in July 2017, the Group has revised its operating segments to reflect the new business 
focus. The Group has been organised into geographic units and business units based on the products and services and has seven reportable 
segments as follows:

- Zambia (emerald and beryl mining activities);
- Mozambique (ruby and corundum mining activities);
- Platinum Group Metals ("PGMs") (the Group's investment in Sedibelo Platinum Mines Limited);
- Steel Making Materials (the Group's investment in Jupiter Mines Limited);
- Corporate (sales of cut and polished gemstones, marketing, and technical and administrative services, including the previously reported 
Investment Platforms);
- Faberge (wholesale and retail sales of jewellery and watches); and
- Other (new projects, traded auctions, sales and marketing offices).

The reporting on these investments to management focusses on revenue, operating costs, EBITDA, key balance sheet lines and free cash flow 
(as defined further below). These figures are presented after intercompany adjustments have been accounted for.

Income Statement
                                                                Steel
                                                                Making
1 January 2018 to            Zambia    Mozambique   PGMs        Materials    Corporate   Faberge    Other     Total
31 December 2018             US$'000   US$'000      US$'000     US$'000      US$'000     US$'000    US$'000   US$'000

Rough gemstones(1)               60,319   127,115            -           -            -           -      3,681   191,115
Jewellery                             -         -            -           -            -      13,392          -    13,392
Cut and polished                      -         -            -           -        1,116           -        467     1,583
Revenue(2)                       60,319   127,115            -           -        1,116      13,392      4,148   206,090
Mineral royalties and
production taxes                 (3,865)  (12,641)           -           -            -           -          -   (16,506)
Change in inventory and
cost of sales                    (8,254)    3,967            -           -       (1,204)     (8,081)    (4,534)  (18,106)
Mining and production costs(3)  (34,216)  (21,491)           -           -         (279)          -        227   (55,759)
Selling, general and
administrative costs(4)          (4,380)  (14,716)           -           -      (26,615)     (9,948)    (1,904)  (57,563)
Other income                        147        11            -           -          269          60        221       708
EBITDA                            9,751    82,245            -           -      (26,713)     (4,577)    (1,842)   58,864
Dividend income                       -         -            -       5,271            -           -          -     5,271
Realised fair value gains             -         -            -      11,680            -           -          -    11,680
Unrealised fair value losses          -         -      (47,617)    (11,942)           -           -          -   (59,559)
Depreciation and amortisation   (14,538)  (14,453)              -           -         (285)     (1,357)         -   (30,633)
Share-based payments                 -         -             -           -       (4,167)          -          -   (4,167)
Impairment charges and
write-offs(5)                  (22,788)      (51)           -           -         (207)          -     (3,513)   (26,559)
Operating (loss)/profit        (27,575)   67,741      (47,617)      5,009      (31,372)     (5,934)    (5,355)   (45,103)
Net finance expense             (3,708)     (756)           -           -         (145)     (3,515)      (721)    (8,845)
Taxation                        12,845   (18,686)           -           -       (2,461)      2,516       (697)    (6,483)
(Loss)/profit after tax        (18,438)   48,299      (47,617)      5,009      (33,978)     (6,933)    (6,773)   (60,431)

(1) Kagem held two higher quality emerald auctions in the year, one in Lusaka, Zambia in May 2018 and one in Singapore in November 2018 
generating revenues of US$10.3 million and US$28.4 million respectively. Kagem also held two commercial quality emerald auctions in Lusaka, 
Zambia in February and August 2018, realising US21.6 million of revenue. MRM held two mixed quality auctions in the period, in Singapore in 
June and November 2018, generating US$127.1 million. 
(2) Revenues have been recognised at one point in time, as control passes to the customer.
(3) Excluding mineral royalties and production taxes, and inventory impairments.
(4) Excluding share-based payments.
(5) Including inventory impairments.

Income Statement
                                                                Steel
                                                                Making
1 January 2017 to            Zambia    Mozambique   PGMs        Materials    Corporate   Faberge    Other     Total
31 December 2017             US$'000   US$'000      US$'000     US$'000      US$'000     US$'000    US$'000   US$'000

Rough gemstones(1)            21,502    54,970            -           -            -           -        819    77,291
Jewellery                          -         -            -           -            -       3,355          -     3,355
Cut and polished                   -         -            -           -          357           -        647     1,004
Revenue(2)                    21,502    54,970            -           -          357       3,355      1,466    81,650
Mineral royalties and
production taxes              (1,290)   (5,582)           -           -            -           -          -    (6,872)
Change in inventory and
cost of sales                 13,076    (3,040)           -           -         (294)     (1,930)      (809)    7,003
Mining and production 
costs(3)                     (13,638)   (8,521)           -           -         (103)          -        (19)  (22,281)
Selling, general and
administrative costs(4)       (1,530)   (2,769)           -           -      (18,896)     (5,126)    (1,141)  (29,462)
Other income                      97         9            -           -          281           -         61       448
EBITDA                        18,217    35,067            -           -      (18,655)     (3,701)      (442)   30,486
Bargain purchase              (5,012)  129,507            -           -      (28,089)          -          -    96,406
Realised fair value gains          -         -            -       5,841            -           -          -     5,841
Unrealised fair value 
(losses)/gains                     -         -      (16,344)     27,494      (64,368)          -          -   (53,218)
Depreciation and amortisation (6,331)  (15,034)           -           -         (192)       (569)       (43)  (22,169)
Share-based payments               -         -            -           -       (2,692)          -          -    (2,692)
Operating profit/(loss)        6,874   149,540      (16,344)     33,335     (113,996)     (4,270)      (485)   54,654
Net finance (expense)/income    (880)     (547)           -           -          (78)       (970)       464    (2,011)
Taxation                      (3,155)   (2,716)           -           -         (517)         24     (1,225)   (7,589)
Profit/(loss) after tax        2,839   146,277      (16,344)     33,335     (114,591)     (5,216)    (1,246)   45,054

(1) Kagem held one higher quality auction in Lusaka, Zambia in October 2017 generating revenue of US$21.5 million. Whilst MRM held one 
mixed quality auctions in the period, in Singapore in November 2017, generating US$55.0 million.
(2) Revenues have been recognised at one point in time, as control passes to the customer.
(3) Excluding mineral royalties and production taxes, and inventory impairments.
(4) Excluding share-based payments.


Statement of Financial Position
                                                                Steel
                                                                Making
                             Zambia    Mozambique   PGMs        Materials    Corporate   Faberge    Other     Total
31 December 2018             US$'000   US$'000      US$'000     US$'000      US$'000     US$'000    US$'000   US$'000

Mining asset                 127,395   175,920            -           -            -           -          -   303,315
Property, plant and 
equipment, and intangibles    24,319    41,885            -           -          760      41,308      5,755   114,027
Listed and unlisted 
investments                        -         -       50,447      25,714        1,473           -          -    77,634
Operating assets              47,665    58,697            -           -        9,595      39,276      6,148   161,381
Cash and cash equivalents     13,065     6,518            -           -       41,653         857        895    62,988
Segment assets               212,444   283,020       50,447      25,714       53,481      81,441     12,798   719,345
Deferred tax asset                                                                                              6,381
Other                                                                                                           8,342
Total assets                                                                                                  734,068
Borrowings                   35,000     18,171            -           -            -           -          -    53,171
Operating liabilities         5,377     26,387            -           -        6,765       2,378      2,070    42,977
Segment liabilities          40,377     44,558            -           -        6,765       2,378      2,070    96,148
Deferred tax liability                                                                                         87,805
Total liabilities                                                                                             183,953
Net (debt)/cash             (21,935)   (11,653)           -           -       41,653         857        895     9,817

                                                                Steel
                                                                Making
                             Zambia    Mozambique   PGMs        Materials    Corporate   Faberge    Other     Total
31 December 2017             US$'000   US$'000      US$'000     US$'000      US$'000     US$'000    US$'000   US$'000

Mining asset                 157,781   175,193            -           -            -           -          -   332,974
Property, plant and 
equipment, and intangibles    19,241    27,718            -           -          970      42,700      3,730    94,359
Listed and unlisted 
investments                        -         -       98,064      98,100        1,319           -          -   197,483
Operating assets              51,536    40,424            -           -        7,390      37,889      9,072   146,311
Cash and cash equivalents     10,932     6,878            -           -       15,164       3,284      1,526    37,784
Segment assets               239,490   250,213       98,064      98,100       24,843      83,873     14,328   808,911
Deferred tax asset                                                                                              6,775
Other                                                                                                           8,031
Total assets                                                                                                  823,717
Borrowings                    35,000    10,493            -           -            -      17,977          -    63,470
Operating liabilities          8,916    20,405            -           -        6,487       3,362      1,619    40,789
Segment liabilities           43,916    30,898            -           -        6,487      21,339      1,619   104,259
Deferred tax liability                                                                                        102,347
Total liabilities                                                                                             206,606
Net (debt)/cash              (24,068)  (3,615)            -           -       15,164     (14,693)     1,526   (25,686)


Statement of Cash Flows
                                                                Steel
                                                                Making
                             Zambia    Mozambique   PGMs        Materials    Corporate   Faberge    Other     Total
31 December 2018             US$'000   US$'000      US$'000     US$'000      US$'000     US$'000    US$'000   US$'000
Revenue                       60,319   127,115            -           -        1,116      13,392      4,148   206,090
Operating costs and 
cost of sales(1)             (50,568)  (44,870)           -           -      (27,829)    (17,969)    (5,990) (147,226)
EBITDA                         9,751    82,245            -           -      (26,713)     (4,577)    (1,842)   58,863
Add back: Change in inventory  8,254    (3,967)           -           -        1,204       8,081      4,534    18,106
Tax paid (excluding WHT)        (591)  (23,771)           -           -            -           -        (16)  (24,378)
Capital expenditure          (11,819)  (17,338)           -           -         (106)          -     (2,039)  (31,302)
VAT refunds                    3,655         -            -           -        1,787         138          -     5,580
Free cash flow before working
capital movements              9,250    37,169            -           -      (23,828)      3,642        637    26,870
Working capital movements(2) (13,310)  (23,401)           -           -       (2,410)    (12,356)    (1,586)  (53,063)
Free cash flow                (4,060)   13,768            -           -      (26,238)     (8,714)      (949)  (26,193)
Cash generated from operations 8,350    54,877            -           -      (26,132)     (8,714)     1,106    29,487
Tax paid (excluding WHT)        (591)  (23,771)           -           -            -           -        (16)  (24,378)
Capital expenditure          (11,819)  (17,338)           -           -         (106)          -     (2,039)  (31,302)
Free cash flow                (4,060)   13,768            -           -      (26,238)     (8,714)      (949)  (26,193)

                                                                Steel
                                                                Making
                             Zambia    Mozambique   PGMs        Materials    Corporate   Faberge    Other     Total
31 December 2017             US$'000   US$'000      US$'000     US$'000      US$'000     US$'000    US$'000   US$'000

Revenue                       21,502    54,970            -           -          357       3,355      1,466    81,650
Operating costs and 
cost of sales(1)              (3,285)  (19,903)           -           -      (19,012)     (7,056)    (1,908)  (51,164)
EBITDA                        18,217    35,067            -           -      (18,655)     (3,701)      (442)   30,486
Add back: Change in inventory(13,076)    3,040            -           -          294       1,930        809    (7,003)
Loans repaid by investments        -         -            -           -        4,948           -          -     4,948
Interest received                  -         -            -           -          154           -          -       154
Tax paid (excluding WHT)           -   (10,863)           -           -            -           -        (96)  (10,959)
Capital expenditure           (1,530)   (8,364)           -           -         (218)     (1,131)    (1,502)  (12,745)
VAT refunds                      307         -            -           -          876         126          -     1,309
Free cash flow before working
capital movements              3,918    18,880            -           -       (12,601)    (2,776)    (1,231)    6,190
Working capital movements(2)    (115)     (279)           -           -        (4,849)      (702)     1,852    (4,093)
Free cash flow                 3,803    18,601            -           -       (17,450)    (3,478)       621     2,097
Cash generated from operations 5,333    37,828            -           -       (17,232)    (2,347)     2,219    25,801
Tax paid (excluding WHT)           -   (10,863)           -           -             -          -        (96)  (10,959)
Capital expenditure           (1,530)   (8,364)           -           -          (218)    (1,131)    (1,502)  (12,745)
Free cash flow                 3,803    18,601            -           -       (17,450)    (3,478)       621     2,097
(1) Excluding share-based payments and inventory impairments.
(2) Includes movements relating to inventory purchases and excludes VAT refunds.

2. COST OF SALES

                                                                           2018                      2017
                                                                           US$'000                   US$'000
Mining and production costs
Labour and related costs                                                    20,691                     8,232
Mineral royalties and production taxes                                      16,506                     6,872
Fuel costs                                                                  11,489                     4,140
Repairs and maintenance costs                                                8,625                     3,658
Security costs                                                               5,592                     2,322
Camp costs                                                                   3,299                     1,208
Blasting costs                                                               2,050                       569
Other mining and production costs                                            6,555                     2,152
Total mining and production costs                                           74,807                    29,153
Change in inventory and purchases                                           18,106                    (7,003)
Depreciation and amortisation                                               30,633                    22,169
                                                                           123,546                    44,319

3. REALISED GAINS ON SHARE BUY-BACKS, JUPITER'S RELISTING ON THE ASX, AND DIVIDEND INCOME

March 2018 Jupiter buy-back

On 22 January 2018, Jupiter announced the details of an off-market, equal access share buy-back to return up to US$42 million to its 
shareholders. All Jupiter shareholders were made an equal offer to buy back 5.81% of their shares in Jupiter, at a set price of US$0.35
per share.

The Group, as an 18.40% shareholder in Jupiter at the time, had the right to have 5.81% of its 379,948,385 Jupiter shares bought back. The 
Group accepted the buy-back by Jupiter, resulting in the sale of 22,075,001 shares in Jupiter for US$0.35 per share. The transaction was 
completed on 19 March 2018, with the Group receiving US$7.7 million. As at 19 March 2018, the Directors' most recent estimate of the fair 
value of the Jupiter shares was US$0.26 per share, being the valuation as at 31 December 2017.

The buy-back price per share was underpinned by Jupiter's long-term manganese price assumptions, which were higher than the long-term 
manganese price of US$3.60 used by the Directors in the valuation of Jupiter at 31 December 2017.

The realised gain on the March 2018 Jupiter buy-back was as follows:
                                                                         Number of shares    Price per share US$  Total price US$000

Fair value of Jupiter shares at date of receipt (19 March 2018)          22,075,001                         0.26           (5,700)
Buy-back price of the 5.81% of Jupiter shares (19 March 2018)            22,075,001                         0.35            7,727
                                                                                                                            2,027
April 2018 Jupiter IPO/Relisting on the ASX
In March 2018, Jupiter announced its intention to relist on the Australian Securities Exchange ("ASX") in order to provide liquidity for 
its shareholders. This was expected to be achieved via a placing of up to 600 million existing Jupiter shares with new investors at AUD0.40 
per share, thereby raising up to AUD240 million and putting a value on Jupiter of approximately AUD780 million.

On 12 April 2018, Jupiter announced the full allocation of the IPO shares, yielding AUD240 million. The Group had previously committed to 
making available for sale up to 212,028,012 of its Jupiter shares at the placing price of AUD0.40 per share (equivalent to US$0.31 per 
share on the date of receipt, 18 April 2018).

On 18 April 2018, Jupiter was successfully relisted on the ASX. The Group received, net of associated sale costs, AUD83.1 million from the 
Jupiter IPO process, in respect of the disposal of its 212,028,012 Jupiter shares, reducing its interest from 18.40% to 7.44%.

The realised gain on the April 2018 IPO was as follows:

                                                                           Number of shares  Price per share US$  Total price US$000

Fair value of Jupiter shares at date of receipt (18 April 2018)            212,028,012                      0.26          (54,744)
IPO price per share sold by GGL (18 April 2018)                            212,028,012                      0.31           64,397
Realised gain                                                                                                               9,653

October 2018 Jupiter dividend
On 17 September 2018, Jupiter announced the details of an interim dividend to return approximately AUD98 million to its shareholders. All 
Jupiter shareholders were entitled to an "unfranked" dividend of AUD0.05 per share.

The Group, as a 7.44% shareholder in Jupiter, received a dividend of AUD7.3 million on 10 October 2018. The Group entered into a foreign 
exchange contract to hedge the foreign exchange risk up to the day the dividend was received. The gain on this contract was as follows:

                                                                                                           AUD000             US$000
Realised foreign exchange gain on forward contract of dividend payment
Fair value of foreign exchange contract at date of commitment (26 September 2018)                           7,292              5,271 
Fair value of foreign exchange contract at completion (10 October 2018)                                    (7,292)            (5,175)
Realised gain on Jupiter foreign exchange contract                                                              -                 96

GGL's remaining holding of Jupiter shares is 145,845,372 shares.

4. ACQUISITION OF THE GEMFIELDS GROUP OF COMPANIES
For the purposes of this note, Gemfields Group Limited has been referred to as either the "Company" or "PRL", being the abbreviated name of 
the bidding Company at the time of the acquisition. The Company's name changed from Pallinghurst Resources Limited to Gemfields Group 
Limited effective 26 June 2018. Gemfields Ltd (previously Gemfields plc) has been referred to as "Gemfields", being the name of the target 
company at the time of the acquisition.

Gemfields is a leading supplier of coloured gemstones and owns emerald assets in Zambia and Ethiopia, ruby assets in Mozambique, and 
amethyst assets in Zambia. In 2008, the Company and the Pallinghurst Co-Investors became the majority shareholders of Gemfields by 
contributing the Kagem emerald mine to Gemfields, its core operating asset, for shares. Subsequently, in 2013, the Company and the 
Pallinghurst Co-Investors contributed Faberge Ltd to Gemfields. The Gemfields investment formed a core component of the Company's value 
proposition and therefore unlocking Gemfields' full value potential is of paramount importance to the Company.

Despite many positive developments, the share price of Gemfields did not reflect its inherent value. Accordingly, on 19 May 2017, the 
Company announced the terms of an offer to acquire the entire issued, and to be issued, share capital of Gemfields, other than the 
Gemfields shares already held by the Company (the "Offer").

On 28 July 2017, Gemfields delisted from AIM and the non-PRL-related board members of Gemfields resigned and were replaced with PRL 
nominees, and therefore this is the date on which PRL took board and management control. The key component of being an investment entity 
which changed as a result of the Gemfields acquisition is the fair value condition. PRL could only influence Gemfields' operational 
performance upon taking board control of Gemfields, which occurred on 28 July 2017. PRL was only able to measure Gemfields' performance 
prior to this date on the fair value basis, that is, its listed share price. Upon taking board control of Gemfields, PRL's performance 
measurement of Gemfields changed to operational metrics. Accordingly, 28 July 2017 is the effective date that PRL ceased to be an 
investment entity. The deemed acquisition date of Gemfields upon PRL ceasing to be an investment entity is the start of the subsequent 
month, 1 August 2017.

During the period 26 June 2017 to 19 September 2017, the Company acquired 301,024,558 additional Gemfields shares (in return for 1.91 PRL 
shares for each Gemfields share) for a total consideration of US$135 million (between ZAR2.64-ZAR3.18 per PRL share). At the acquisition 
date, the Company had acquired 282,171,346 additional Gemfields shares for a total consideration of US$127 million. The acquisition cost of 
these additional Gemfields shares is based on the PRL share price (on the day of each tranche of acceptances), converted at the 1.91 Offer 
ratio and the daily US$/ZAR exchange rate.

PRL valued its 96.63% interest in Gemfields as at 31 July 2017 (the day preceding the acquisition date) at the Gemfields share price on the 
date that Gemfields delisted from AIM (28 July 2017). IFRS 13 Fair Value Measurement ("IFRS13") required that PRL derecognised its interest 
in Gemfields at this price, as there was a Level 1 (IFRS 13 fair value hierarchy) listed share price available in an active market at the 
delisting date, a few days before the acquisition date. PRL's 96.63% interest in Gemfields is valued at the 28 July 2017 closing price of 
GBP0.3200 per share, translated at the closing rate on 31 July 2017 of US$1/GBP0.7604. PRL's interest of 96.63% in Gemfields was valued at 
US$228 million on 31 July 2017.

On 1 August 2017, the Company's total shareholding had reached 96.99% of the entire issued share capital of Gemfields. As the level of 
Gemfields share acceptances surpassed 90% of the shares to which the Offer related, the Company commenced the compulsory acquisition 
process in respect of the remaining Gemfields shares under Sections 979 to 982 of the Companies Act of 2006. 

A bargain purchase of US$96.4 million was recognised at the acquisition date, as the fair value of Gemfields' net assets acquired exceeded 
the fair value of the total consideration at the acquisition date. On 20 June 2017, Chinese conglomerate firm, Fosun Gold Holdings Limited 
("Fosun") made a firm intention, by way of a Rule 2.7 Announcement, to acquire the entire issued, and to be issued, ordinary share capital 
of Gemfields at GBP0.4500 per share, which, converted at the closing rate on 31 July 2017 of US$1/GBP0.7604, implied a valuation of 
Gemfields (on a 100% basis) of US$331 million. The Fosun offer was a cash-based offer. Fosun stated that the consideration to be made 
payable by Fosun as part of the intended offer would have been funded from their existing cash reserves, which had been fully confirmed in 
accordance with the requirements of the Takeover Code. An assessment was made of the fair values of the acquired assets and liabilities on 
the date of acquisition. The assessment resulted in a valuation of the total net assets acquired being equivalent to the value of the 
Fosun offer. The fair values of the assets and liabilities are inherently judgemental, but the Fosun offer is believed to be representative 
of the "price that would be received to sell an asset or paid to transfer a liability in an orderly transaction between market participants 
at the measurement date" as required by IFRS 13, despite the offer not being accepted due to the Offer becoming wholly unconditional (due 
to the number of acceptances received, as well as PRL shareholders voting in favour of the Offer on 12 July 2017).

Details of the initial and fair value of identifiable assets and liabilities acquired, purchase consideration, and resulting bargain 
purchase included in the Annual Report for the year ended 31 December 2017 are shown below. The fair value is final, and there has been no 
change in the valuation since 31 December 2017:

                                                                                 Carrying value        Adjustment           Fair value 
                                                                                         US$000            US$000               US$000
Property, plant and equipment                                                           225,753           164,710              390,463
Faberge trademark                                                                        40,474                 -               40,474
Other intangible assets                                                                   7,236                 -                7,236
Deferred tax asset                                                                        5,372                 -                5,372
Other non-current assets                                                                  8,075                 -                8,075
Inventories                                                                              90,551            18,581              109,132
Trade and other receivables                                                              29,540                 -               29,540
Cash and cash equivalents                                                                33,367                 -               33,367
Total assets                                                                            440,368           183,291              623,659
Trade and other payables                                                                (25,678)                -              (25,678)
Borrowings                                                                              (66,023)                -              (66,023)
Other liabilities                                                                       (17,265)                -              (17,265)
Deferred tax liability                                                                  (48,307)          (58,797)            (107,104)
Total liabilities                                                                      (157,273)          (58,797)            (216,070)
Total net assets                                                                        283,095           124,494              407,589
Non-controlling interest                                                                                                       (83,480)
Bargain purchase                                                                                                               (96,406)
Total consideration at 1 August 2017                                                                                           227,703
Non-controlling interest acquired(1)                                                                                             7,254
Total consideration at 19 September 2017                                                                                       234,957

(1) Non-controlling interest was calculated on the fair value of the identifiable assets and liabilities acquired.

5. TAXATION
The Group's tax expense are as follows:
                                                                                                           2018               2017
                                                                                                           US$000             US$000
Current tax
Taxation charge for the year                                                                               20,631             13,749
Deferred tax
Origination and reversal of temporary differences                                                         (14,148)            (6,160)
Total taxation charge                                                                                       6,483              7,589

The reasons for the difference between the actual taxation charge for the year and the standard rate of corporation tax in Guernsey applied 
to profits for the year, are as follows:
                                                                                                           2018               2017
                                                                                                           US$000             US$000

(Loss)/profit on ordinary activities before taxation                                                      (53,948)            52,643
Taxation on ordinary activities at the standard rate of corporation tax in Guernsey
of 0% (2017: 0%)                                                                                                -                  -
Effects of:
Expenses not deductible for tax purposes                                                                    3,064              1,775
Prior year adjustment                                                                                        (463)                 -
Tax losses not recognised as deferred tax asset                                                               214              1,709
Different tax rates applied in overseas jurisdictions                                                       3,668              4,105
Total taxation charge                                                                                       6,483              7,589

In Guernsey, the main rate of corporation tax for the year was 0%.

The Group's effective tax rate of -12% arises as a result of non-deductible impairment losses and legal settlement costs. 

Expenses not deductible for tax purposes include the impairment losses incurred across the Group, legal settlement costs in the Leigh Day 
case and camp costs incurred at Kagem.

Different tax rates applied in overseas jurisdictions reflects the different tax rates applicable in the various jurisdictions in which 
the Group operates. The main rates of corporation tax in Zambia, Mozambique and the United Kingdom for the year were 30%, 32% and 19%, 
respectively.

Deferred tax assets and liabilities must be measured at the tax rates that are expected to apply to the period when the asset is realised, 
or the liability is settled, based on tax rates that have been enacted or substantively enacted by the end of the reporting period. 

Deferred tax
Details of the deferred tax liabilities and assets, amounts recognised in the Consolidated Income Statement, and amounts recognised in 
other comprehensive income are as follows:

                                                                                                           2018               2017
                                                                                                           US$000             US$000
Recognised deferred tax assets
Other temporary differences                                                                                 2,653              1,761
Tax losses                                                                                                  9,898              6,771
Property, plant and equipment                                                                                 629                538 
Total deferred tax assets                                                                                  13,180              9,070
Deferred tax assets netted against deferred tax liabilities                                                (6,799)            (2,295)
Total deferred tax assets                                                                                   6,381              6,775

                                                                                                             2018               2017
                                                                                                           US$000             US$000

Recognised deferred tax liabilities
Evaluated mining property - Kagem and Montepuez                                                           (89,620)           (98,453)
Inventory valuation - Kagem and Montepuez                                                                  (4,662)            (5,811)
Intangibles - Faberge                                                                                        (322)              (378)
Total deferred tax liabilities                                                                            (94,604)          (104,642)
Deferred tax assets netted against deferred tax liabilities                                                 6,799              2,295
Total deferred tax liabilities                                                                            (87,805)          (102,347)

The movement on the deferred tax account is provided below:

                                                                                                           2018               2017
                                                                                                           US$000             US$000
At 1 January                                                                                              (95,572)          (101,732)
Property, plant and equipment                                                                                  91                (80)
Other temporary differences                                                                                   892                 84
Evaluated mining property - Kagem and Montepuez                                                             8,833              4,899
Inventory valuation - Kagem and Montepuez                                                                   1,149              1,718
Intangibles - Faberge                                                                                          56                 23
Tax losses                                                                                                  3,127               (484)
Recognised in the Consolidated Income Statement                                                            14,148              6,160
At 31 December                                                                                            (81,424)           (95,572)

Deferred tax assets are only recognised in relation to tax losses and other temporary differences which would give rise to deferred tax 
assets where it is considered probable that the losses will be utilised against taxable profits in the foreseeable future, and therefore the
asset is recoverable. 
Therefore, as there is uncertainty over the above, no deferred tax has been recognised in relation to unused tax losses in the amount of 
US$89.2 million (2017: US$89.0 million), of which US$82.7 million was acquired through business combinations during the year ended 31 
December 2017.

6. PROPERTY, PLANT AND EQUIPMENT                                                                                                           
                                                  Plant,                               Evaluated 
                                 Freehold land    machinery and    Fixtures, fittings  mining        Deferred
                                 and buildings    motor vehicles   and equipment       properties    stripping costs       Total
                                 US$'000          US$'000          US$'000             US$'000       US$'000               US$'000                                
Cost
At 1 January 2017                      -                -                -                    -            -                     -
Business combinations(1)          10,449           18,263            4,270              345,858       11,623               390,463
Additions                          1,260            3,920            1,316                3,065            -                 9,561
Disposals                              -             (606)               -                    -            -                  (606)
Foreign exchange differences           -                -               40                    -            -                    40
At 31 December 2017               11,709           21,577            5,626              348,923       11,623               399,458
Additions                         12,912           17,869              333                  355            -                31,469
Disposals                              -           (2,691)               -                    -            -                (2,691)
Foreign exchange differences           -                -              (84)                   -            -                   (84)
At 31 December 2018               24,621           36,755            5,875              349,278       11,623               428,152
Accumulated depreciation
At 1 January 2017                      -                -                -                    -            -                     -
Provided during the year             307            4,592              665               15,949          468                21,981
Disposals                              -             (536)               -                    -            -                  (536)
Foreign exchange differences           -                -               (8)                   -            -                    (8)
At 31 December 2017                  307            4,056              657               15,949          468                21,437
Provided during the year(2)          809           10,136            2,546                7,437        1,134                22,062
Disposals                              -           (2,691)               -                    -            -                (2,691)
Impairments                            -                -                -               22,577            -                22,577
Foreign exchange differences           -                -             (247)                   -            -                  (247)
At 31 December 2018                1,116           11,501            2,956               45,963        1,602                63,138
Net book value
At 31 December 2017               11,402           17,521            4,969              332,974       11,155               378,021
At 31 December 2018               23,505           25,254            2,919              303,315       10,021               365,014

Evaluated mining properties relate to the mining licences held mainly at Kagem and Montepuez, including the fair value adjustment 
recognised on the Gemfields acquisition.
Deferred stripping costs relate to Kagem.
(1) This consisted of a US$0.6 million cost and a US$0.2 million accumulated depreciation which was transferred at net book value.
(2) Evaluated mining properties includes US$15.6 million depreciation, offset by US$8.1 million of depreciation from purchase price 
adjustments.

Impairment review of Kagem Mining Limited
In the light of the newly implemented 15% export levy on rough emeralds and beryl, enacted and effective from 1 January 2019, the cash flow 
generation and operating environment for  Kagem is more challenging than before to the extent that revenues are reduced directly by the tax.

The recoverable amount of the Kagem CGU is believed by management to be lower than its carrying value such that an impairment charge of 
US$22.6 million has been recognised. The impairment charge has reduced the carrying value of the Kagem CGU from US$206.8 million to 
US$184.2 million. The recoverable amount has been determined based on the value-in-use calculations using the cash flows expected to be 
generated from existing operations, up to the date when the reserves and resources available using annual
ore extraction rates.

The following key assumptions are used in the recoverable amount calculations:

- Recoverable amount of reserves and resources: Economically recoverable reserves and resources are based on management's expectations, as 
well as on the technical studies and exploration and evaluation work undertaken by in-house and third-party specialists.

- Commodity prices: Rough emerald and beryl prices have been determined using the Group's historic achieved prices over a period of ten 
years and 30 auctions. Rough emerald and beryl prices are not traded on a public exchange and most transactions occur in private auctions; 
therefore, historic trends in respect of prices and product mix are the most appropriate and reasonable basis. A 10% fall in prices would 
increase the impairment by US$14.0 million to US$36.6 million.

- Composition of auctions: The quality of production and the product mix typically dictate the composition of the high-quality auctions. 
The composition of the auction includes premium emerald and emerald stones that enhance the auction parcels and schedules and is dependent 
on: (i) production; (ii) management strategy, i.e. building inventory or cash generation; and (iii) market intelligence. Any variations in 
this composition are at the discretion of management and, given the continued improvement in the quality of production and the market 
strength, it is anticipated that over the near to medium term the proportion of emerald production taken to high-quality auctions will 
increase. A 10% reduction in the quantity of emerald stones sent to high quality auctions would increase the impairment charge to be 
recognised to US$45.5 million.

- Operating costs: Variable operating costs have been included in the impairment test as a function of the related production volumes. 
Fixed costs at the mines, washing plant and sort house are largely constant but reflect material changes in activity levels.

- Discount rate: A nominal discount rate of 10.37%, pre-tax 14.81% was used in the recoverable amount calculations, which represents the 
pre-tax rate that reflects the Group's current market assessments of the time value of money and the risks specific to the cash-generating 
unit.

- Timing of capital expenditure: Management has estimated the timing of capital expenditure on the development projects based on the Group's 
current and future financing plans and the results of technical studies completed to date.

The calculation of value-in-use of the Group's CGUs for the impairment review at 31 December 2018 provided a range of outcomes, as the 
calculation is particularly sensitive to changes in rough emerald and beryl, the composition of the high-quality auctions and the discount 
rate used, amongst other changes. Any changes to the assumptions adopted in the calculation of the value-in-use to sell, individually or in 
aggregate, would result in a different valuation being determined. Sensitivity to these key inputs has been detailed above.

If the nominal discount rate is increased to 11.53%, pre-tax 16.47% per the upper range of possible outcomes, the impairment charge would 
be US$20 million higher.

Both Gemfields and Kagem management are in extensive, amicable discussions with the various stakeholders in the Government of Zambia with a 
view to mitigating the 15% export tax levy which has resulted in the significant impairment. Should these negotiations be successful, it is 
expected that all or part of the impairment loss recognised will reverse in the near future.

7. INVESTMENTS
Information on each of the Group's investments is provided below. This disclosure is intended to ensure that users of the Financial 
Statements understand how each investment has been valued, and the risks associated with each investment valuation. In addition, the 
disclosure meets certain requirements related to the Group's JSE listing. 


The reconciliation of the investment valuations from 1 January 2018 to 31 December 2018 is as follows:

                                                                                                                    Balance at
                             Balance at      Transfer       Unrealised         Realised                 Transfer    31 December
                             1 January 2018  from unlisted  fair value losses  gains        Disposals   to listed   2018      
                             US$'000         US$'000        US$'000            US$'000      US$'000     US$'000     US$'000   

Listed equity investments
Jupiter(1)                         -          37,656        (11,942)                 -            -           -     25,714
                                   -          37,656        (11,942)                 -            -           -     25,714
Unlisted equity investments
Jupiter(1)                    98,100               -              -             11,680      (72,124)    (37,656)         -
Sedibelo Platinum Mines(2)    98,064               -        (47,617)                 -            -           -     50,447
                             196,164               -        (47,617)            11,680      (72,124)    (37,656)    50,447
Total                        196,164          37,656        (59,559)            11,680      (72,124)    (37,656)    76,161

(1) The unrealised fair value loss on Jupiter of US$11.9 million includes an unrealised foreign exchange loss of US$3.6 million. The 
realised gain on Jupiter of US$11.7 million does not include any foreign exchange, as the cash receipts were denominated in US$. The cash 
receipt from the Jupiter IPO of AUD83.1 million, net of associated selling costs, was converted to US$ on the same day, resulting in no 
foreign exchange gain/(losses) being realised. The Company disposed of 5.81% of its shares to Jupiter at US$0.35 per share in the March 
2018 Jupiter buy-back, with the Company receiving US$7.7 million. The Company disposed of 212,028,012 of its shares to Jupiter at a price 
of AUD0.40 per share or US$0.31 per share converted at the foreign exchange rate on 18 April 2018, the date the Jupiter IPO was completed, 
with the Company receiving US$64.4 million. 
(2) The unrealised fair value loss on Sedibelo of US$47.6 million does not include any foreign exchange, as the valuation is denominated 
in US$.

The reconciliation of the investment valuations from 1 January 2017 to 31 December 2017 is as follows:

                                                                                                                    Balance at
                             Balance at      Transfer       Unrealised         Realised                 Transfer    31 December
                             1 January 2017  from unlisted  fair value losses  gains        Disposals   to listed   2017      
                             US$'000         US$'000        US$'000            US$'000      US$'000     US$'000     US$'000   

Listed equity investments
Gemfields Ltd(1)             164,615               -       (64,368)                 -       127,456    (227,703)         -
                             164,615               -       (64,368)                 -       127,456    (227,703)         -
Unlisted equity investments
Jupiter(2)                    79,461          27,495             -              5,841             -     (14,697)    98,100
Sedibelo Platinum Mines(3)   114,408               -       (16,344)                 -             -           -     98,064
                             193,869          27,495       (16,344)             5,841             -     (14,697)   196,164
Total                        358,484          27,495       (80,712)             5,841       127,456    (242,400)   196,164

(1) The unrealised fair value loss on Gemfields Ltd of US$64.4 million includes an unrealised foreign exchange loss of US$10.3 million. 
The Group acquired an additional US$78.7 million interest in Gemfields Ltd as part of the Gemfields Acquisition during June 2017. The 
additional interest acquired was valued at the GGL share price (on the day of each tranche of acceptances) converted at the 1.91 Offer 
ratio and the daily US$/ZAR exchange rate. Gemfields was derecognised as an investment on 31 July 2017; Gemfields has been consolidated 
from the acquisition date, effective 1 August 2017.
(2) The unrealised fair value gain on Jupiter of US$27.5 million does not include any foreign exchange movements as the valuation is 
denominated in US$. The realised gain on Jupiter of US$5.8 million does not include any foreign exchange as the cash receipt was 
denominated in US$. The Company disposed of 6% of its shares to Jupiter at a price of US$0.40 per share. The transaction completed on 13 
March 2017 with the Company receiving US$10.1 million. Subsequently, the Company disposed of a further 4% of its shares to Jupiter at a 
price of US$0.29 per share. The transaction completed on 5 December 2017 with the Company receiving US$4.6 million. 
(3) The unrealised fair value loss on Sedibelo of US$16.3 million does not include any foreign exchange, as the valuation is denominated 
in US$.

Jupiter Mines Limited ("Jupiter") - equity
Nature of investment: The Group holds an equity interest in Jupiter. Jupiter is based in Perth, Western Australia, and its main asset is a 
49.9% interest in the Tshipi manganese joint venture in South Africa. 
The Group owns a see-through interest of 7.44% in Jupiter at 31 December 2018, valued at US$ 25.7 million.
Date of valuation: 31 December 2018
Fair value methodology: Market Approach - Listed Share Price
The Group's interest in Jupiter was valued at the 31 December 2018 mid-price of AUD0.2500 per share, translated at the closing rate of 
US$1/AUD1.4174.
No secondary valuation methodologies have been considered for the Company's investment in Jupiter, as it is a listed equity in an active 
market.

Sedibelo Platinum Mines Limited ("Sedibelo Platinum Mines" or "Sedibelo" or "SPM") - equity
Nature of investment: The Group holds an equity interest in SPM, a producer of Platinum Group Metals ("PGMs") with interests in the Bushveld 
Complex in South Africa.
Date of valuation: 31 December 2018
Fair value methodology: Market Approach - Market Comparables applying Directors' estimate
The Directors have, based on the approach below, estimated that the value of SPM is U$772 million; the Group's indirect 6.54% interest has 
therefore been valued at US$50.4 million. 

The Directors have considered a range of sources in determining the valuation of SPM. The primary source used by the Directors in their 
valuation at both 31 December 2017 and 30 June 2018 was based on the Income Approach - a Discounted Cash Flow (DCF) model prepared by an 
independent third party, which formed part of a competent person's report (the "CPR") with an effective date of 31 December 2016. The DCF 
analysis was based on several predictions and uncertainties and changing any of these assumptions can materially impact the valuation.

Considering the Directors' desire to realise the investment in an orderly disposal, the Directors have altered their accounting approach 
from the Income Approach to the Market Approach under IFRS13 Fair Value Measurement ("IFRS 13"). The Directors also noted the ageing of the 
CPR in considering the change in the valuation methodology.

The Directors considered that the most appropriate valuation methodology is a market comparables analysis comparing the Enterprise Values 
of SPM's peer group with their respective mineral reserves and resources and then applying the average multiple to SPM's estimated reserves 
and resources (price per 4E ounce) to arrive at an estimated valuation of SPM.

SPM's attributable resources and reserves, as per the most recent mineral resources and reserves report (as at 31 December 2016), total 
c.95 million ounces with 32.2 million ounces falling in the measured and indicated category, including 16.3 million ounces of probable 
mineral reserves, and 62.8 million ounces in the inferred category. The Directors have reduced these ounces in line with SPM's production 
figures for 2017 and 2018 up to 31 December 2018 of 0.3 million ounces. 

The Directors considered a peer group comprising Anglo Platinum, Impala Platinum, Northam Platinum and Royal Bafokeng Platinum. When 
comparing the valuation of SPM's peer group, the Directors believe that Enterprise Value is the most suitable measure. The average multiple 
of Enterprise Values across SPM's peer group over their (i) mineral reserves (ii) mineral resources and (iii) mineral reserves and resources 
suggests respective averages of US$66 per 4E ounce, US$12 per 4E ounce and US$10 per 4E ounce. Each multiple arrives at an implied valuation 
of SPM within 5.5% of the others (US$1,070 million ? US$1,127 million) and therefore the Directors believe that taking an average is 
appropriate, yielding a valuation (100% basis) of US$1,102 million for SPM. The Group's indirect 6.54% interest would be valued at US$72 
million on this basis. 

The Directors note that SPM's most recently published Net Asset Value as at 30 September 2018 is US$1,027 million, similar to the figure 
derived from the Directors' market comparables approach. 

The Directors have considered the lack of liquidity of the Company's interest in SPM as a factor necessitating a discount to the listed 
peer group. The Directors note that, given findings from restricted stock studies, the following determinants have been considered: the 
liquidity of assets owned by the firm, the financial health and cash flows of the firm, the possibility of going public in the future, the 
size of the firm and the Group's minority interest. It is generally accepted that an illiquidity discount is set in the region of 20-30% of 
estimated value. The Directors have analysed these factors against the information they have available to them regarding SPM. 

Accordingly, the Directors have determined and applied a discount of 30% to the market comparables valuation of USD1,102 million which they 
consider appropriately reflects the above factors. Whilst the Directors note that any adjustment made is subjective, their arising best 
estimate of SPM's value is US$772 million. 

For the purposes of the disclosures required by IFRS 13, if SPM's mineral reserves and resources decreased by 25% (i.e. from 95 million 
ounces to 71 million ounces), with all other indicators and evidence unchanged, the valuation of SPM included in the balance sheet would 
decrease from US$50 million to US$38 million. The related fair value decrease of US$12 million would be recognised in profit and loss. 
Alternatively, if SPM's comparable peer group's Enterprise Values/mineral reserves and resources ounce increase by 20%, with all other 
indicators and evidence unchanged, the valuation of SPM included in the balance sheet would increase from US$50 million to US$60 million. 
The related fair value increase of US$10 million would be recognised in profit and loss. Furthermore, if the discount applied by the 
Directors' decreased by 50% (i.e. from 30% to 15%), with all other indicators and evidence unchanged, the valuation of SPM included in the 
balance sheet would increase from US$50 million to US$61 million. The related fair value increase of US$11 million would be recognised in 
profit and loss. An adjustment to both forecast PGM prices and production levels would also have an impact on the valuation as well as the 
Enterprise Values of the peer companies. Due to consequent effects of these two variables, the Directors don't have the resources available 
in order to accurately determine the impact such changes would have on the valuation.

Fair value hierarchy
IFRS 13 requires disclosure of fair value measurements under the following hierarchy:

Level:   Fair value input description
Level 1: Listed prices (unadjusted) in active markets for identical assets or liabilities
Level 2: Inputs other than listed prices included within Level 1 that are observable for the asset or liability, either directly (that is, 
as prices) or indirectly (that is, derived from prices)
Level 3: Inputs for the asset or liability that are not based on observable market data (that is, unobservable inputs)

Following the listing of Jupiter, the investment in Jupiter has been deemed to be Level 1 assets compared with Level 3 as at 31 December 
2017.

The investment in Sedibelo, measured at fair value through profit or loss, has been deemed to be Level 3 assets under the fair value 
hierarchy, based on the valuation method used.


8 INVENTORY                                                                                                  2018               2017
                                                                                                           US$000             US$000

Rough and cut and polished gemstones                                                                       58,066             78,622
Faberge inventory                                                                                          35,030             35,482
Spares and consumables                                                                                      6,141              4,709
                                                                                                           99,237            118,813

The total provision made against inventory as at 31 December 2018 is US$4.5 million (2017: US$3.3 million). 


9. BORROWINGS
                                                                 Interest rate         Maturity            2018               2017
                                                                                                           US$000             US$000

Non-current interest-bearing loans and borrowings
Barclays Zambia    US$20 million revolving credit facility       US$ LIBOR + 5.50%     2020                20,000             20,000
Barclays Mauritius US$15 million revolving credit facility       US$ LIBOR + 5.50%     2020                10,000             15,000
Gordon Brothers    US$20 million loan facility                   US$ LIBOR + 6.10%     2020                     -             17,127
BCI(1)             US$15 million finance leasing facility        US$ LIBOR + 3.75%     2019                     -              7,165
                                                                                                           30,000             59,292

                                                                 Interest rate         Maturity            2018               2017
                                                                                                           US$000             US$000
Current interest-bearing loans and borrowings
Barclays Mozambique US$15 million overdraft facility             US$ LIBOR + 4.00%     2019                14,459                  -
Barclays Mauritius  US$15 million revolving credit facility      US$ LIBOR + 5.50%     2020                 5,000                  -
BCI(1)              US$15 million overdraft facility             US$ LIBOR + 3.75%     2019                 3,712                  -
BCI(1 )             US$15 million finance leasing facility       US$ LIBOR + 3.75%     2018                     -              3,328
Gordon Brothers     US$20 million loan facility                  US$ LIBOR + 6.10%     2020                     -                850
                                                                                                           23,171              4,178
                                                                                                           53,171             63,470
(1) BCI - Banco Comercial E De Investimentos, S.A.

Cash and non-cash movements in Borrowings are shown below:
                                                                                                           2018               2017
                                                                                                           US$000             US$000

At 1 January                                                                                               63,470                  -
Cash flows                                                                                                (11,849)            (2,530)
Non-cash flows:
- Settled with restricted cash                                                                               (600)                 -
- Business combinations                                                                                         -             66,023
- Effects of foreign exchange                                                                                   -               (244)
- Finance costs accruing during year                                                                        2,150                221
At 31 December                                                                                             53,171             63,470

Barclays Zambia
In August 2014, Kagem Mining Limited entered into a US$20 million revolving credit facility with Barclays Bank Zambia plc. The facility 
bears interest at a rate of three-month US LIBOR plus 4.50%. The facility is due for repayment 36 months after the date of the first 
drawdown of the facility. In February 2017, the facility was renewed for a further three years, expiring in 2020, with an interest rate of 
three-month US$ LIBOR plus 5.50% per annum. The revolving facility has no required monthly repayments but is repayable in full at the end 
of 36 months from the first drawdown date. As at 31 December 2018, US$20 million was fully drawn. The loan facility was subject to four 
financial covenants, which are tested half-yearly. As at 31 December 2018, Barclays Bank Zambia had waived the covenant testing period, as 
discussions on the refinancing of these facilities were ongoing. As part of the waiver, Kagem has committed to repaying US$5.0 million of 
this facility by 31 March 2019, so this has been classified as current borrowings on the Group's balance sheet at 31 December 2018.

Barclays Mauritius
In February 2017, Kagem Mining Limited entered into a US$15 million facility with Barclays Bank Mauritius Limited. The facility attracts 
interest at US$ LIBOR plus 5.50% and is repayable in full at the end of 36 months from the first drawdown date. As at 31 December 2018, 
US$15 million was fully drawn. 

The loan facility was subject to four financial covenants, which are tested half-yearly. As at 31 December 2018, Barclays Bank Mauritius 
had waived the covenant testing period, as discussions on the refinancing of these facilities were ongoing.

Security for the facilities comprises a fixed and floating charge over all of Kagem's net assets, equivalent to the total amount outstanding
under the facility and a corporate guarantee from Gemfields Ltd.

Barclays Mozambique 
In April 2016, MRM entered into a US$15 million unsecured overdraft facility with Barclays Bank Mozambique S.A. The facility has an 
interest rate of three-month US LIBOR plus 4% per annum. The outstanding balance as at 31 December 2018 was US$14.5 million. Gemfields Ltd 
issued a corporate guarantee for the facility. 

The proceeds of the facilities from Barclays Bank Mozambique S.A. and BCI will facilitate MRM in financing its capital expenditure 
requirements for the Montepuez ruby deposit in Mozambique and provide additional working capital.

Banco Comercial E De Investimentos ("BCI")
1. In June 2016, MRM entered into a US$15 million unsecured overdraft facility with BCI. This is a rolling facility which renews annually, 
provided that terms and conditions are met, and attracts interest of three-month US$ LIBOR plus 3.75% per annum. At 31 December 2018, 
US$3.7 million was outstanding. The facility is secured by a blank promissory note undertaken by MRM and a corporate guarantee 
by Gemfields Mauritius Limited, a 100% subsidiary of the Group.

http://2.In June 2016, MRM entered into a US$15 million financing leasing facility with BCI. This is a renewable facility with a drawdown period 
of 18 months, and the amounts drawn down were repayable over a maximum period of 48 months. The facility had an interest rate of three-
month US$ LIBOR plus 3.75% per annum. During the period, the loan was repaid in full, and, at 31 December 2018, US$Nil million was 
outstanding.

Gordon Brothers
In May 2017, Faberge UK Limited entered into a US$25 million loan facility with Gordon Brothers Finance Company and GB Europe Management 
Services Limited jointly. During the year to 31 December 2017, Faberge UK Limited made the decision to lower the facility to US$20 million. 
The facility attracted interest at a rate of three-month US$ LIBOR plus 6.1%, with a LIBOR floor of 1.25%, and was secured against the 
value of the Faberge brand and intellectual property, as well as gemstones, jewellery, and watch inventory. During the year, the loan was 
fully repaid.

10. PER SHARE INFORMATION

NAV per share and Earnings/(Loss) Per Share ("EPS" or "LPS") are key performance measures for the Group. EPS/(LPS) is based on profit/(loss) 
for the year divided by the weighted average number of ordinary shares in issue during the year. NAV per share is based on netassets 
divided by the number of ordinary shares in issue at 31 December 2018. 

Headline Earnings/(Loss) Per Share ("HEPS" or "HLPS") is similar to EPS/(LPS), except that attributable profit specifically excludes 
certain items, as set out in Circular 4/2018 "Headline Earnings" ("Circular 4/2018") issued by the South African Institute of Chartered 
Accountants ("SAICA") during the period. 

Earnings per share
The Group's (LPS)/EPS is as follows:
                                                                                                           2018               2017
                                                                                                           US$000             US$000

(Loss)/profit for the year attributable to owners of the parent - US$'000                                 (62,213)            37,892
Weighted average number of shares in issue(1)                                                       1,316,580,827      1,038,966,894
(Loss)/earnings per share - US$                                                                            (0.05)              0.04

(1) At 31 December 2018, the Company had a see-through interest in itself of 117,342,899 shares or 8.20%. These shares have been removed in
the calculation of weighted average number of shares in issue.

There are no dilutive shares, as the average share price during the period was below the strike price of all exercisable share options.
Therefore, EPS is equal to Diluted EPS.

Headline earnings per share
The Group's HEPS is as follows:
                                                                                                           2018               2017
                                                                                                           US$000             US$000

(Loss)/profit for the year attributable to owners of the parent - US$'000                                 (62,213)            37,892
Adjusted for:
Impairment charges and write-offs                                                                          26,559                  -
Bargain purchase                                                                                                -            (96,406)
Tax impact                                                                                                 (6,773)                 - 
                                                                                                          (42,427)           (58,514)
Weighted average number of shares in issue(1)                                                       1,316,580,827      1,038,966,894
(Loss) per share - US$                                                                                     (0.03)             (0.06)

NAV per share
The Group's US$ NAV per share is as follows:
                                                                                                           2018               2017
                                                                                                           US$000             US$000

Net assets - US$'000                                                                                      476,195            538,723
Number of shares in issue(1)                                                                        1,314,342,654      1,332,685,921
NAV per share - US$                                                                                         0.36               0.40
(1) At 31 December 2018, the Company had a see-through interest in itself of 117,342,899 shares or 8.20%. These shares have been removed in 
the calculation of shares in issue.

Tangible NAV per share
The Group's US$ tangible NAV per share is as follows:
                                                                                                           2018               2017
                                                                                                           US$000             US$000

Net assets - US$'000                                                                                      476,195            538,723
Adjusted for:
Intangible assets                                                                                         (52,328)           (49,312)
                                                                                                          423,867            489,411
Number of shares in issue(1)                                                                         1,314,342,654     1,332,685,921
Tangible NAV per share - US$                                                                                 0.32              0.37
(1) At 31 December 2018, the Company had a see-through interest in itself of 117,342,899 shares or 8.20%. These shares have been removed in
the calculation of shares in issue.

11. COMMITMENTS AND CONTINGENCIES
During the course of internal control and governance processes led by the Group, indications of small value payments seemingly not made in 
accordance with the Group's policies and procedures were identified in one of the Group's subsidiaries, Gemfields India.

The Board regards payments made outside of the Group's policies as a principal risk and takes breaches of the policies seriously. As a 
result, the Company appointed an experienced UK based legal firm to undertake an investigation of the payment practices in Gemfields India. 
As part of this investigation, a number of lower value payments (typically a few hundred US dollars) were identified as falling outside of 
Group policy. The payments were made over a period of time and, even in aggregate, represent an immaterial amount from a group materiality 
perspective. Given ongoing work by the Group and its advisors, it is not possible at this time to be sufficiently certain of the prospect 
or quantum of any liability that may or may not arise in relation to this matter in respect of any breach in legislation. Therefore, no 
provision has been made in the financial statements. However, having taken detailed legal advice, the Directors believe that any such 
liability may be below the materiality threshold. 

Following identification of this matter, the Board has implemented a number of measures to further enhance its controls and processes. These 
include appointing a Head of Internal Audit, refreshing relevant training across the Group, restructuring management in the affected entity 
and re-emphasising and reviewing relevant policies and procedures, including reporting and whistle-blowing facilities.

BASIS OF PREPARATION
The Group's Financial Statements for the year ending 31 December 2018 have been prepared in accordance with International Financial 
Reporting Standards ("IFRS") as issued by the International Accounting Standards Board ("IASB"), the financial reporting guides issued by 
the Accounting Practices Committee of the South African Institute of Chartered Accountants (the "SAICA Reporting Guides") and the financial 
reporting pronouncements issued by the Financial Reporting Standards Council of South Africa (the "FRSC Pronouncements").

The Financial Statements also comply with the JSE Listings Requirements, the Bermuda Stock Exchange ("BSX") Listing Regulations and The 
Companies (Guernsey) Law, 2008 and show a true and fair view. The Financial Statements have been audited by the Company's auditors, BDO LLP; 
their audit opinion was unqualified, and did not draw attention to any emphasis of matter. The audit opinion is available for inspection at 
the Company's registered office. The registered office address changed effective 28 August 2018 to PO Box 186, Royal Chambers, St. Julian's 
Avenue, St. Peter Port, Guernsey, GY1 4HP. The Company's address was previously 11 New Street, St. Peter Port, Guernsey, GY1 2PF. The 
Financial Statements will be mailed to shareholders on or about 10 April 2019 and made available on the Company's website, 
http://www.gemfieldsgroup.com.

This preliminary announcement includes condensed consolidated financial statements (the "Condensed Financial Statements"). The Condensed 
Financial Statements have been prepared in accordance with IAS34 Interim Financial Reporting and do not contain sufficient information to 
fully comply with IFRS. The Condensed Financial Statements comply with the SAICA Reporting Guides and the FRSC Pronouncements, the JSE 
Listings Requirements and the BSX Listing Regulations and show a true and fair view.

These condensed audited consolidated financial statements for the year ended 31 December 2018 have been extracted from the audited annual 
financial statements but are not themselves audited. The audit report does not necessarily cover all the information included in this 
announcement. Shareholders are therefore advised that in order to obtain a full understanding of the nature of the auditor's engagement 
they should obtain a copy of the auditor's report together with the accompanying financial information from the company's registered office. 
The Directors take full responsibility for the preparation of these condensed audited consolidated results and confirm that the financial 
information has been correctly extracted from the underlying audited results for the year ended 31 December 2018.

The Group has adopted IFRS 15 Revenue from contracts with customers ("IFRS 15") and IFRS 9 Financial Instruments ("IFRS 9") during the year, 
effective from 1 January 2018. Refer to the Accounting policies section below for further information.

ACCOUNTING POLICIES
The Group's accounting policies were last described in full in the Group's financial statements for the year ended 31 December 2017. 
Various new and revised accounting standards, amendments to standards and new interpretations have been issued by the IASB and are effective 
for annual periods beginning on or after 1 January 2018. 

IFRS 15 Revenue from contracts with customers ("IFRS 15") and IFRS 9 Financial Instruments ("IFRS 9").
The Group has applied IFRS 15 and IFRS 9 at 1 January 2018. The requirements of IFRS 9 did not result in a change in classification of the 
Group's financial assets and the implementation of IFRS 15 has not had an impact on the timing of revenue recognition in the Group.

EVENTS OCCURRING AFTER THE END OF THE YEAR
Emerald auction held in Lusaka, Zambia, from 18 to 20 February 2019 
Post the year end, a predominantly commercial-quality auction was held in Lusaka in February 2019. Revenues of US$10.8 million were 
achieved, which were further evidence of the continuing demand for emeralds. The auction takes Kagem's total auction revenue since July 
2009 to US$567 million.

Settlement of Leigh Day legal claims
In January 2019, GGL announced that it had agreed, on a no-admission-of-liability basis, the settlement of all claims brought by English 
law firm Leigh Day on behalf of individuals living in the vicinity of MRM's mining concession in northern Mozambique. The settlement amount 
of GBP5.8 million (US$7.4 million), comprising the sum to be distributed to the claimants by Leigh Day and their legal expenses, was paid 
on 23 January 2019.

Jupiter dividend 
On 19 February 2019, Jupiter announced the details of a final unfranked dividend of AUD0.025 per share. The Group, as a 7.44% shareholder 
in Jupiter, is due to receive AUD3.6 million (US$2.6 million), translated at the US$/AUD1.4128 exchange rate on 4 March 2019, the date GGL
entered into a forward US$/AUD contract. The Group will receive its dividend on 21 May 2019. 

Increase in Jupiter share price 
The Jupiter share price has increased since 31 December 2018. The estimated impact of this non-adjusting event is as follows: 

The Jupiter share price on 22 March 2019 was AUD0.34 and the exchange rate was US$1/AUD1.4023. The fair value of the Group's investment was 
US$35.4 million, US$9.7 million higher than the valuation of US$25.7 million included in the Consolidated Statement of Financial Position.

Approval of Consolidated Financial Statements 
The Consolidated Financial Statements were approved by the Directors and authorised for issue on 22 March 2019.


COMPANY DETAILS

GEMFIELDS GROUP LIMITED (formerly Pallinghurst Resources Limited) | (Incorporated in Guernsey) | (Guernsey registration number: 47656) | 
(South African external company registration number 2009/012636/10) | Share code on the JSE: GML | Share code on the BSX: GML/BH | 
ISIN: GG00BG0KTL52 | ("Gemfields", "GGL" or the "Company") EXECUTIVE DIRECTORS: Sean Gilbertson(1), David Lovett(2) | NON-EXECUTIVE 
DIRECTORS: Brian Gilbertson(3), Dr Christo Wiese, Martin Tolcher, Lumkile Mondi, Kwape Mmela, Carel Malan (4) | The following people were 
Directors during the period: Arne H. Frandsen(5), Andrew Willis(5), Erich Clarke(6) | REGISTERED OFFICE(7) Gemfields Group Limited, PO Box 
186, Royal Chambers,  St. Julian's Avenue, St Peter Port, Guernsey GY1 4HP, Channel Islands|LEGAL ADVISOR (Guernsey) Mourant Ozannes, 1 Le 
Marchant Street,  St Peter Port, Guernsey GY1 4HP, Channel Islands | LEGAL ADVISOR (Bermuda) Appleby Global, Canon's Court, 22 Victoria 
Street, PO Box  HM 1179, Hamilton HM EX Bermuda | JSE SPONSOR: Investec Bank Limited, 100 Grayston Drive, Sandown, Sandton, 2196, South 
Africa | SOUTH  AFRICAN TRANSFER SECRETARY: Computershare Investor Services (Pty) Limited, Rosebank Towers, 15 Biermann Avenue, Rosebank, 
2196, South  Africa | AUDITOR: BDO LLP2, 55 Baker Street, London, W1U 7EU JSE | COMPANY SECRETARY(8) Mr Toby Hewitt, 4th Floor, 1 New 
Burlington Place  London W1S 2HR, United Kingdom | LONDON OFFICE, Gemfields Services Limited(9), 4th Floor, 1 New Burlington Place London 
W1S 2HR, United  Kingdom | LEGAL ADVISOR (South Africa) ENSafrica, 150 West Street, Sandton, 2196, South Africa | BSX SPONSOR Clarien 
Investments Limited, 25 Reid Street, 4th Floor, Hamilton HM 11, Bermuda | REGISTRAR AND BERMUDA TRANSFER SECRETARY Computershare Investor 
Services (Guernsey)  Limited, 1st Floor, Tudor House, Le Bordage, St Peter Port, Guernsey GY1 1DB| | ADMINISTRATION SERVICES (Guernsey)(10) 
Mourant Governance  Services (Guernsey) Limited, PO Box 186, Royal Chambers, St. Julian's Avenue, St Peter Port, Guernsey GY1 4HP
(1) Sean Gilbertson became Chief Executive Office effective 31 March 2018.
(2) David Lovett appointed Chief Financial Officer effective 31 March 2018.
(3) Brian Gilbertson became Non-Executive Chairman effective 1 January 2018.
(4) Appointed 9 January 2019.
(5) Resigned 31 March 2018.
(6) Resigned 7 January 2019.
(7) Changed effective 28 August 2018.
(8) Previously Vistra Fund Services (Guernsey) Limited.
(9) Previously Pallinghurst Resources UK Limited.
(10) Previously Vistra Fund Services (Guernsey) Limited.




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