To view the PDF file, sign up for a MySharenet subscription.

HULAMIN LIMITED - Summarised Provisional Consolidated Financial Results for the year ended 31 December 2018 and Cash Dividend

Release Date: 19/03/2019 07:05
Code(s): HLM     PDF:  
 
Wrap Text
Summarised Provisional Consolidated Financial Results for the year ended 31 December 2018 and Cash Dividend

HULAMIN LIMITED
("Hulamin", "the company" or "the group")
Registration number: 1940/013924/06
Share code: HLM
ISIN: ZAE000096210

Think future.
Think aluminium.
Summarised Provisional Consolidated Financial Results
for the year ended 31 December and
Cash Dividend Declaration 2018
 
Summarised provisional consolidated results
for the year ended 31 December 2018
and cash dividend declaration
-  R298 million(1) free cash flow delivery in 2018
-  R120 million to be returned to shareholders
   - R60 million share buyback to be actioned from March 2019
   - Dividend increased 20% to 18 cents per share
-  Strong second half financial performance (HEPS of 78 cents 
   versus 13 cents in H1)
-  Highest ever group sales of 245 000 tons
-  Impairment charge of R1.45 billion across both Hulamin Rolled Products
   and Extrusions

Richard Jacob, CEO, commented:
"I am proud to report another exceptional operational year in Hulamin
Rolled Products. After a strong currency first half, Hulamin produced
record profits (HEPS of 78 cents), sales and production in
the second half of 2018. This was supported by a weaker currency
(average of R14.18 versus R12.30 in the first half)."

Presentation by management
Hulamin invites you to a teleconference at 12.00 this afternoon Tuesday, 19 March, with CEO Richard Jacob and CFO Anton Krull
to discuss the annual results and prospects.
Dial +27 11 535 3600 and ask to join the Hulamin call.
The presentation will be available on http://www.hulamin.com from 11.00
Replay of the call will be available on +27 10 500 4108 and access code 23046.

Enquiries
Hulamin                                          033 395 6911
Richard Jacob, CEO                               082 806 4068
Anton Krull, CFO                                 071 361 0622
CapitalVoice                                                 
Johannes van Niekerk                             082 921 9110

Commentary

Hulamin Rolled Products delivered yet another improved year in increasing sales by 6% to 228 000 tons.

Hulamin Extrusions experienced a challenging year, with lower sales and recorded a net loss for the year. Local fabrication markets were
particularly soft throughout the year, affecting Hulamin Extrusions most severely.

Rolled Products benefitted from healthy overall demand for its products, while a superb manufacturing performance increased production,
and consequently sales, by approximately 6% to 228 000 tons for the year. This resulted in a third consecutive year of record sales volumes

We also recorded our best-ever safety performance across all operations, in line with the safest aluminium semi-fabricators globally.
Our Total Recordable Injury Frequency Rate per 200 000 hours worked was 0.24 in 2018.

Markets in Southern Africa, which appeared to be improving a year ago, deteriorated further during the course of 2018. In parallel, global
markets shifted measurably with increased trade uncertainty and polarisation.

Hulamin's export markets remained volatile with US trade policy uncertainty and tentative European reaction to the changes in the USA.
USA domestic aluminium markets began to soften in line with waning domestic economic confidence. The USA aerospace market played a
leading role in this decline. Hulamin is experiencing the symptoms of a cyclical slow-down in the US for flat rolled aluminium in particular. 

While Hulamin is not a producer of primary aluminium, short term movements in the Rand price of aluminium affect profits through a
flow-through known as the metal price lag. Although there was significant volatility in both the Rand / USD exchange rate and the US Dollar
aluminium price quoted on The London Metal Exchange (LME), the average Rand aluminium price during the last few months of 2018 was
only slightly higher than the corresponding period in 2017, while inventory levels were similar.  This resulted in an insignificant metal price
lag benefit of R4 million for the full year (2017: R150 million).  

Turnover increased to R11.5 billion (2017: R10.3 billion) on increased volume, higher USD rolling margins and a firmer Rand aluminium
price. This was marginally countered by a strengthening Rand / US Dollar that averaged 7c stronger for the year (R13.25 in 2018 versus
R13.32 in 2017).

Unit conversion costs in Rolled Products decreased again in 2018 in real terms. After two years of successive real decreases in excess of
10.0% (2016: 10.7% reduction and 2017: 10.6%), Hulamin Rolled Products' unit costs decreased further by 2.4% in 2018 (2.2% increase in
nominal terms) despite significant commodity price impacts, mainly Brent crude. Hulamin's manufacturing cost optimisation programme,
which has delivered baseline savings of R200 million since 2017, aims to deliver further measurable cost reductions of R300 million over the
next five years. This is in addition to the benefits obtained by improving the percentage of market scrap in its input metal mix.

Hulamin is focused on improving returns to shareholders. We are actively managing this through improving EBITDA performance, tighter
control over capital expenditure, paying down debt levels and now additionally through imposing a higher hurdle rate for improvement
projects. Mounting uncertainty in the macro environment and the associated rise of risk indicators, has also supported increasing the
Company's weighted average cost of capital (WACC) to more accurately value the Company's internal forecasts of future cash flows.This
WACC increase results in material changes to the valuation of assets and, as a consequence, an impairment charge of R1.376 billion has
been applied to Hulamin Rolled Products and R74 million to Hulamin Extrusions.

Earnings before interest and taxation (EBIT) thus declined by 291% to negative R950 million due the recognition of these impairment
charges. 

Normalised operating profit (before the impact of the impairment, restatements and metal price lag) increased by 20%. In constant
currency terms, this represents an increase of 24%. Net interest charges decreased by 5% to R74 million; net interest paid decreased by
19%.

Attributable earnings were consequently 354% lower at negative R773 million for the year. Headline earnings per share (HEPS) of 91 cents
compared to 95 cents in 2017. Normalised earnings per share was up 20% on the prior year to 77 cents, after achieving 19 cents in the
first half.

Free cash flow amounted to R280 million? (2017: R296 million), after R242 million capital expenditure. A cumulative R1 billion of free cash
flow has been generated since 2016.

The performance of Hulamin Extrusions remained unacceptable in extremely challenging trading conditions. The group has commenced a
strategic review of its investment portfolio, including its interest in Hulamin Extrusions.

Restatement of prior year accounts
The financial performance of Hulamin Rolled Products is exposed to the impact of metal price lag? and accordingly implements a hedging
programme to balance the cash flow and profit effects of this lag.

In order to apply hedge accounting as envisaged in IAS 39, the group has historically designated the sale, and not the purchase of the
inventory, as the hedged item. This designation causes a mismatch between changes in fair value of the hedged item (which includes rolling
margins, geographic premiums and transport costs) and the hedge instrument (which only relates to the commodity portion of the sale). 

We have reviewed the application of hedge accounting in terms of the IAS 39 standard and believe that the expectation of prospective
hedge effectiveness as envisaged in the accounting standard is not appropriately satisfied and could therefore create volatility which would
be expected to breach the effectiveness guidelines provided in IAS 39. The comparative results have consequently been restated. 

There is no cumulative impact on earnings and also no impact on cash resulting from this restatement. Hulamin's commodity risk
management programme is highly effective. Hulamin plans to adopt the new financial instruments standard IFRS 9 in 2019, which will
overcome the limitations of IAS 39.

Dividend
The board of directors of Hulamin ("the Board") has declared a final dividend of 18 cents per share for 2018 (before withholding tax) (2017:
15 cents per share) payable to registered shareholders of Hulamin on the Record Date, Friday,  12 April 2019.

Last day to trade                                                                                                 Tuesday, 9 April 2019
Shares trade ex dividend                                                                                       Wednesday, 10 April 2019
Record date                                                                                                       Friday, 12 April 2019
Payment date                                                                                                      Monday, 15 April 2019

Share certificates may not be dematerialised or rematerialised between Wednesday, 10 April 2019 and Friday, 12 April 2019,
both days inclusive.

Shareholders are advised of the following information:
-  the dividend has been declared out of the 2018 profits;
-  the local dividend tax rate is 20%;
-  the gross local dividend is 18 cents per share;
-  the net dividend amount for local shareholders is 14.40 cents per share:
   - exempt from payment of dividend tax is 18 cents per share;
   - liable to pay dividend tax is 14.40 cents per share;
-  the issued share capital of the company is 319 596 836 ordinary shares and 4 721 600 A1 ordinary shares;
-  the company's tax number is 9522526715.

Share Buy-Back
In addition to the increased dividend, the Board has approved a share buy-back programme of R60 million. This will commence in March
2019 and is planned to run on an even monthly basis for approximately 12 months.

At the 2018 Annual General Meeting (AGM), shareholders approved share repurchases up to a level of 5%. The validity of this resolution
expires in April 2019. Consequently, shareholders will be asked to approve the continuation of this programme at the 2019 AGM in April.

Prospects 
Hulamin remains focused on continuing the improved operational, sales and manufacturing performance in 2019, while focusing on
executing its responsible growth plans. The direction that the Rand takes in 2019 will continue to impact financial performance as a result
of Hulamin's large foreign currency sales exposure.

The local and international long-term outlook for aluminium beverage packaging demand has improved significantly since 2017. This follows
the steps being taken by more than 16 major countries and cities to ban single-use plastics in packaging, including the UK, France, Germany
and Canada. As a result, a number of Hulamin customers are seeking larger volumes and longer term can stock contracts on firmer prices.

In 2019, Hulamin will commence operating an agency and technical service trading business, reselling a major aluminium rolling mill's can
stock products to Hulamin customers. This will complement Hulamin's Pietermaritzburg product offering and increase sales revenues. This
new operation is expected to have a positive impact on profitability and cash flows.

Trade relations between the USA and China remain uncertain. There are also signs of a cyclical slow-down in US (aluminium) manufacturing,
driven partially by the slowing of aerospace build rates. Hulamin has consequently increased its efforts in its other markets (such as Europe,
Australasia, Africa and South America) to minimise these effects.  


TP Leeuw                                                                 RG Jacob
Chairman                                                                 Chief Executive Officer
                                                                          
Pietermaritzburg
18 March 2019                                                             

Any forward-looking information contained in this announcement has not been reviewed or reported on by the Company's external auditors.

Note 1. Adjusted for in transit cash receipt on 31 December 2018
Note 2. Metal Price Lag (and related hedging)

The price of aluminium purchased by the group and sold to its customers is typically based on the monthly average US Dollar LME price in
the month prior to the month of delivery. It usually takes about three months to produce and invoice the semi-fabricated products sold to
customers and during this period the quoted LME price may increase or decrease. Similarly, the Rand fluctuates against the US Dollar during
this period, resulting in the purchase price of aluminium in Rand differing from the price realised upon sale.

On an unhedged basis, this can result in a high level of profit and loss volatility as metal pricing in cost of sales, based on an inventory FIFO
valuation, is misaligned with metal pricing in sales. However, there is a low level of cash flow volatility as monthly sales and purchases
typically align in both pricing and volume.

The group uses derivative instruments, forwards and swaps, to reduce these profit and loss exposures. The group applies a policy of hedging
50% of its US Dollar aluminium price lag risk exposure and 50% of its currency risk exposure on the metal lag. Eliminating 100% of the price
risk with derivatives would create a cash flow risk if the spot prices were to rise strongly since new inventory would have to be purchased at
a higher price than the proceeds received net of derivative settlements.

The unhedged fluctuation in the US Dollar aluminium price from the date of purchase of aluminium to the date of sale results in a metal
price lag impact on profits.

Summarised provisional consolidated statement of profit and loss

                                                                                                                        Restated*   
                                                                                                               2018          2017   
                                                                                               Notes          R'000         R'000   
Revenue from contracts with customers                                                                    11 533 818    10 303 531   
Cost of sales of goods                                                                                 (10 583 507)   (9 115 128)   
Cost of providing services*                                                                                (82 422)      (56 432)   
Gross profit                                                                                                867 889     1 131 971   
Selling, marketing and distribution expenses                                                              (448 237)     (396 442)   
Administrative and other expenses                                                                         (194 806)     (148 152)   
Net impairment losses on financial assets**                                                                   (671)         (501)   
Impairment of property, plant and equipment and intangible assets                                 11    (1 450 814)             -   
Gains and losses on financial instruments related to trading activities                            3        276 963     (111 131)   
Other gains and losses                                                                                        (231)        22 681   
Operating (loss)/profit                                                                                   (949 907)       498 426   
Interest income                                                                                               3 887         3 079   
Interest expense                                                                                           (77 588)      (80 704)   
(Loss)/profit before tax                                                                                (1 023 604)       420 801   
Taxation                                                                                           4        250 197     (117 038)   
Net (loss)/profit for the year attributable to equity holders of the company                              (773 411)       303 763   
Earnings per share attributable to ordinary equity holders of the company (cents)                  6                                
Basic                                                                                                         (242)            95   
Diluted                                                                                                       (236)            92   
Headline earnings per share attributable to ordinary equity holders of the company (cents)         6                                
Basic                                                                                                            91            95   
Diluted                                                                                                          89            92   
Normalised earnings per share attributable to ordinary equity holders of the company (cents)       6                                
Basic                                                                                                            77            64   
Diluted                                                                                                          75            62   
Dividends declared (cents per share)                                                               7                                
Final                                                                                                            18            15   
Currency conversion                                                                                                                 
Rand / US dollar average                                                                                      13.25         13.32   
Rand / US dollar closing                                                                                      14.43         12.38   

*  See note 12 for details about the restatement resulting from the correction of prior period errors, and note 13 for details 
   about restatements resulting from the adoption of new accounting standards.
** New disclosure requirements by International Accounting Standard 1 Presentation of Financial Statements require separate 
   disclosure on the face of the statement of profit or loss the impairment losses on financial assets, including reversals of 
   previously recognised impairment losses.


Summarised provisional consolidated statement of other comprehensive income

                                                                                                                  Restated*   
                                                                                                           2018        2017   
                                                                                                          R'000       R'000   
Net (loss)/profit for the year attributable to equity holders of the company                          (773 411)     303 763   
Other comprehensive (loss)/income for the year                                                         (22 825)      32 104  
 
Items that may be reclassified subsequently to profit or loss:                                         (46 279)      24 493   

Cash flow hedges transferred to statement of profit or loss                                              85 776      23 965   
Cash flow hedges created                                                                              (150 053)      10 053   
Income tax effect of the above                                                                           17 998     (9 525)   

Items that will not be reclassified to profit or loss:                                                   23 454       7 611   

Remeasurement of retirement benefit obligation                                                           33 395       8 782   
Remeasurement of retirement benefit asset                                                               (2 448)       1 753   
Income tax effect of the above                                                                          (7 493)     (2 924)   
Total comprehensive (loss)/income for the year attributable to ordinary shareholders of the company   (796 236)     335 867   

* See note 12 for details about the restatement resulting from the correction of prior period errors, and note 13 for 
  details about restatements resulting from the adoption of new accounting standards.


Summarised provisional consolidated statement of financial position

                                                                        Restated*             Restated*   
                                                                                              1 January
                                                                 2018        2017                  2017 
                                                                R'000       R'000                 R'000   
ASSETS                                                                                                    
Non-current assets                                                                                        
Property, plant and equipment                               1 901 794   3 324 593             3 263 500   
Intangible assets                                              43 136      64 144                69 086   
Retirement benefit asset                                      133 860     127 054               117 397   
Deferred tax asset                                             17 060      21 152                25 463   
                                                            2 095 850   3 536 943             3 475 446   
Current assets                                                                                            
Inventories                                                 2 262 547   2 150 061             1 825 221   
Trade and other receivables                                 1 530 279   1 237 096             1 505 632   
Derivative financial assets                                    71 281     143 767                64 445   
Cash and cash equivalents                                     525 981     111 472                75 627   
Income tax asset                                               18 992      39 331                 2 603   
                                                            4 409 080   3 681 727             3 473 528   
Non-current assets held for sale                                6 529       6 529                     -   
Total assets                                                6 511 459   7 225 199             6 948 974   

EQUITY                                                                                                    
Stated capital and consolidation shares                     1 817 580   1 817 580             1 817 580   
BEE reserve                                                    51 776      51 776                51 776   
Employee share-based payment reserve                           57 914      71 201                55 852   
Hedging reserve                                               (6 280)      39 999                15 506   
Retained earnings                                           1 881 631   2 668 121             2 405 974   
Total equity                                                3 802 621   4 648 677             4 346 688   

LIABILITIES                                                                                               
Non-current liabilities                                                                                   
Non-current borrowings                                         54 000     108 000               162 000   
Deferred tax liability                                        221 060     578 568               516 533   
Retirement benefit obligations                                251 738     266 767               258 879   
                                                              526 798     953 335               937 412   
Current liabilities                                                                                       
Trade and other payables                                    1 380 209   1 258 100             1 133 547   
Current borrowings                                            765 783     320 699               490 444   
Derivative financial liabilities                               34 011      43 267                15 168   
Income tax liability                                            2 037       1 121                25 715   
                                                            2 182 040   1 623 187             1 664 874   
Total liabilities                                           2 708 838   2 576 522             2 602 286   
Total equity and liabilities                                6 511 459   7 225 199             6 948 974   
Net debt to equity  %                                            7.73        6.82                 13.27   

* See note 12 for details about the restatement resulting from the correction of prior period errors, 
  and note 13 for details about restatements resulting from the adoption of new accounting standards.


Summarised provisional consolidated statement of changes in equity

                                                 Stated capital                  Employee
                                                            and               share-based
                                                  consolidation     Hedging       payment        BEE     Retained        Total
                                                         shares     reserve       reserve    reserve     earnings       equity
                                                          R'000       R'000         R'000      R'000        R'000        R'000
                                       Notes                  A           B             C          D            E              
                                     
Balance at 1 January 2017                             1 817 580      15 506        55 852     51 776    2 405 974    4 346 688
Net profit for the year**                                     -           -             -          -      303 763      303 763
Other comprehensive income            
- net of tax**                                                -      24 493             -          -        7 611       32 104
Equity-settled share based           
payment scheme                                                -           -        15 349          -        (720)       14 629
Dividends paid*                                               -           -             -          -     (48 507)     (48 507)

Restated balance at 31 December 2017                  1 817 580      39 999        71 201     51 776    2 668 121    4 648 677

Implementation of
new accounting standard**                 13                  -           -             -          -          147          147

Balance at 1 January 2018                             1 817 580      39 999        71 201     51 776    2 668 268    4 648 824

Net profit for the year                                       -           -             -          -    (773 411)    (773 411)
Other comprehensive income           
- net of tax                                                  -    (46 279)             -          -       23 454     (22 825)
Equity-settled share based           
payment scheme                                                -           -      (13 287)          -       11 822      (1 465)
Dividends paid*                                               -           -             -          -     (48 502)     (48 502)

Balance at 31 December 2018                           1 817 580     (6 280)        57 914     51 776    1 881 631    3 802 621

NOTES
A: Stated capital and consolidation shares
Stated capital represents the group's issued share capital held by outside shareholders. Consolidation shares represent shares 
held under various BEE transactions.
B: Hedging reserve
The hedging reserve represents the cash flow hedge reserve. The cash flow hedge reserve is used to recognise the effective 
portion of gains or losses on derivatives that are designated and qualify as cash flow hedges. Amounts are subsequently 
transferred to revenue as part of the hedging relationship or reclassified to profit or loss as appropriate.
C: Employee share-based payments reserve
The share-based payments reserve is used to recognise the grant date fair value of options issued to employees. On settlement
the value of the reserve is transferred to retained earnings.
D: BEE Reserve
The BEE reserve is used to recognise the grant date fair value of options issued to identified BEE participants and Isizinda 
BEE participants.
E: Retained earnings
The retained earnings represents cumulative historic profit and loss reinvested in the group. No restrictions exist on the use 
of the retained income.
*Dividends paid include dividends paid by Hulamin Limited to external shareholders and dividends paid and declared by the 2015 
 Hulamin Employee Share Ownership Scheme.
**See note 12 for details about the restatement resulting from the correction of prior period errors, and note 13 for details 
  about restatements resulting from the adoption of new accounting standards.


Summarised provisional consolidated cash flow statement

                                                                                       Restated*
                                                                                2018        2017
                                                                 Notes         R'000       R'000

CASH FLOWS FROM OPERATING ACTIVITIES
Cash generated from operations                                       A       485 791     783 947
Net interest paid                                                           (80 491)    (99 113)
Income tax payment                                                          (73 682)   (127 668)
                                                                             331 618     557 166
Cash flows from investing activities
Additions to property, plant and equipment                                 (210 538)   (256 427)
Additions to intangible assets                                              (31 206)     (4 607)

                                                                           (241 744)   (261 034)
Cash flows before financing activities                                        89 874     296 132
CASH FLOW S FROM FINANCING ACTIVITIES
Repayment of current portion of non-current borrowings                      (54 000)    (54 000)
Net proceeds from/(repayment of) current borrowings**                        445 084   (169 745)
Settlement of share options                                                  (9 230)    (15 153)
Dividends paid                                                              (48 502)    (48 507)
                                                                             333 352   (287 405)
Net increase in cash and cash equivalents                                    423 226       8 727
Cash and cash equivalents at beginning of period                             111 472      75 627
Effects of exchange rate changes on cash and cash equivalents                (8 717)      27 118
Cash and cash equivalents at end of period                                   525 981     111 472
A: CASH GENERATED FROM OPERATIONS
Profit before tax                                                        (1 023 608)     420 801
Net interest cost                                                             73 701      77 625
Operating profit                                                           (949 907)     498 426
Adjust for non-cash flow items and items disclosed elsewhere:
Depreciation                                                                 222 271     200 598
Amortisation of intangible assets                                             19 003      15 776
Loss on disposal of property, plant and equipment                                231      10 188
Impairment of property, plant and equipment and intangibles                1 450 814           -
Net movement in retirement benefit asset and obligations                       9 112       8 798
Value of employee services received under share schemes                       10 008      32 991
Fair value changes on derivatives                                            (1 048)    (17 204)
Foreign exchange gains on cash and cash equivalents                            8 717    (27 118)
Gain on impairment reversal of investment in associate                             -     (6 529)
Currency exchange translation on foreign debtors and creditors              (95 990)      29 293
Other non-cash items                                                             149       (229)
Cash generated before working capital changes                                673 360     744 990
Changes in working capital                                           B     (187 569)      38 957
Cash generated from operations                                               485 791     783 947
B: CHANGES IN WORKING CAPITAL
Increase in inventories                                                    (112 486)   (324 840)
(Increase) / decrease in trade and other receivables                       (189 137)     229 980
Increase in trade and other payables                                         114 054     133 817
                                                                           (187 569)      38 957

*See note 12 for details about the restatement resulting from the correction of prior period errors, and note 13 for details 
 about restatements resulting from the adoption of new accounting standards.
**Movement in the current borrowings represents the net movement on the Nedbank facility which is drawn down or settled on a 
  daily basis.


Audit opinion

The auditors, Ernst & Young, have issued their opinion on the group's financial statements for the year ended 31 December 2018. The audit
was conducted in accordance with International Standards on Auditing. They have issued an unmodified audit opinion. The auditor's report
does not necessarily report on all the information contained in this announcement. Shareholders are therefore advised that, in order to
obtain a full understanding of the nature of the auditor's engagement, they should obtain a copy of the auditor's report together with the
accompanying financial information from the company's registered office. These condensed consolidated financial statements, although
not audited, have been derived from the group's audited financial statements and are consistent, in all material respects, with the group's
audited financial statements. The directors take full responsibility for the preparation of this announcement, including ensuring that the
condensed consolidated financial statements are correctly extracted from the underlying audited financial statements.

Notes to the preliminary reviewed consolidated financial statements

1. Basis of preparation
     The condensed consolidated fiancial statements of the group for the year ended 31 December 2018 have been prepared in
     accordance with the framework concepts and the recognition and measurement criteria of International Financial Reporting
     Standards, the SAICA Financial Reporting Guides as issued by the Accounting Practices Committee, the Financial Reporting
     Pronouncements as issued by the Financial Reporting Standards Council, the Listings Requirements of the JSE Limited and 
     the Companies Act No. 71 of 2008, under the supervision of the Chief Financial Officer, Mr A P Krull CA(SA). The condensed
     consolidated financial statements are prepared in thousands of South African Rands (R'000) on the historical cost basis, 
     except for derivative financial instruments, which are at fair value.

     The accounting policies adopted are in terms of International Financial Reporting Standards and are consistent with those of the
     previous financial year, except for the adoption of new and amended standards as set out below.

     (a) New and amended standards adopted by the group
     A number of new or amended standards became applicable for the current reporting period and the group had to change its
     accounting policies and make retrospective adjustments as a result of adopting the following standards:

     - IFRS 9 Financial Instruments, and
     - IFRS 15 Revenue from Contracts with Customers.

     The impact of the adoption of these standards and the new accounting policies are disclosed in note 13 below. The other standards
     did not have any impact on the group's accounting policies and did not require retrospective adjustments.

     (b) Impact of standards issued but not yet effective
     (i) IFRS 16 Leases
     IFRS 16, 'Leases' now requires lessees to recognise a lease liability reflecting future lease payments and a 'right-of-use asset' for all
     lease contracts.

     Assessment : The group has reviewed existing lease contracts and service arrangements to determine right-of-use assets.
     On transition, the group will apply the modified retrospective approach and will not account for leases and service arrangements
     which come to an end within 12-months from the effective date in accordance with IFRS 16,'Leases'. In determining the impact of
     existing leases and service arrangements, not including those contracts to be renegotiated during 2019, the group expects property,
     plant and equipment to increase by an estimated 1% and the inclusion of the lease liability to increase non-current borrowings
     by 10% and current borrowings by an estimated 6%. Earnings before interest, tax, depreciation and amortisation are expected to
     increase by an estimated 1% as the previously recognised lease expense is replaced by depreciation on the recognised right-of-use
     asset and interest cost on the lease liability. Depreciation and interest costs are expected to both increase by an estimated 6%. Profit
     before tax is expected to decrease by an estimated 2%.

2.   Operating segment analysis
     The group's reportable segments, which have been determined in accordance with how the Hulamin Executive Committee, which is
     the group's most senior operating decision-making body, allocates resources and evaluates performance and is predominantly based
     on business segments which are representative of the internal reporting used for management purposes. The group is organised
     into two major operating divisions, namely Hulamin Rolled Products and Hulamin Extrusions. The Hulamin Rolled Products segment,
     which comprises the Hulamin Rolled Products and Hulamin Containers businesses, manufactures and supplies fabricated and rolled
     semi-finished aluminium products. The Hulamin Extrusions segment manufactures and supplies extruded aluminium products.
     Isizinda Aluminium (Pty) Ltd supplies slab to Hulamin Rolled Products. The activities of Isizinda Aluminium are integrated into the
     Hulamin Rolled Products segment. Reportable segments are based and managed in South Africa.

                                                                   Restated*   
                                                           2018         2017   
                                                          R'000        R'000   
Revenue from contracts with customers: External                                
Hulamin Rolled Products                              10 640 844    9 428 678   
Hulamin Extrusions                                      892 974      874 853   
Group total revenue from contracts with customers    11 533 818   10 303 531   
Timing of revenue recognition:                                                 
-  At a point in time                                11 451 396   10 247 099   
-  Over time                                             82 422       56 432   

Operating (loss)/profit                                                        
Hulamin Rolled Products                               (846 450)      483 004   
Hulamin Extrusions                                    (103 457)       15 422   
Group total                                           (949 907)      498 426   
Interest income                                           3 887        3 079   
Interest expense                                       (77 588)     (80 704)   
(Loss)/profit before tax                            (1 023 608)      420 801   
Taxation                                                250 197    (117 038)   
Net (loss)/profit for the year                        (773 441)      303 763   
Hulamin Rolled Products                               (667 762)      290 332   
Hulamin Extrusions                                    (105 679)       13 431   
Impairment charge included in each segment:                                    
Hulamin Rolled Products                             (1 376 319)            -   
Hulamin Extrusions                                     (74 495)            -   

Total assets                                                                   
Hulamin Rolled Products                               6 194 109    6 865 488   
Hulamin Extrusions                                      317 350      359 711   
Group total                                           6 511 459    7 225 199   

Total liabilities                                                              
Hulamin Rolled Products                               2 605 848    2 533 528   
Hulamin Extrusions                                      102 990       42 994   
Group total                                           2 708 838    2 576 522   

Disaggeration of revenue                                                       
Analysis of revenue by product market                                          
Automotive and transport                              1 400 396    1 438 397   
Building and construction                               263 180      228 594   
General engineering                                   4 907 080    3 881 768   
Packaging                                             4 963 162    4 754 772   
                                                     11 533 818   10 303 531   

                                                                   Restated*   
                                                           2018         2017   
                                                          R'000        R'000   
Geographical analysis of revenue                                               
South Africa                                          4 691 267    4 824 763   
North America                                         3 308 552    2 037 752   
Europe                                                2 407 609    2 239 023   
Asia                                                    462 290      417 343   
Middle East                                             239 362      362 746   
Australasia                                              77 779      175 986   
South America                                           320 948      229 995   
Rest of Africa                                           26 011       15 923   
                                                     11 533 818   10 303 531   

Sales between segments are eliminated on consolidation. The amounts provided to the Hulamin Executive Committee with respect
to segment revenue and segment assets are measured in a manner consistent with that of the financial statements.

* See note 12 for details about the restatement resulting from the correction of prior period errors, and note 13 for details 
  about restatements resulting from the adoption of new accounting standards.

3.   Gains and losses on financial instruments related to trading activities
     The group is exposed to fluctuations in aluminium prices and exchange rates, and hedges these risks with derivative financial
     instruments. The group applies hedge accounting to gains and losses arising from certain derivative financial instruments. Hedges of
     forecast sales transactions are accounted for as cash flow hedges.

     The effective portion of cash flow hedge gains and losses are recorded in revenue from contracts with customers when the sale
     occurs.

     Other gains and losses includes, inter alia, the fair value adjustments arising from fair value hedges, non-hedge accounted derivative
     financial instruments (ineffective portion of cash flow hedge gains and losses), non-derivative financial instruments and forward
     point gains.

                                                                                            Restated*
                                                                                     2018        2017
                                                                                    R'000       R'000

Valuation adjustments on non-derivative items                                      87 274     (2 175)
Valuation adjustments on derivative items **                                      189 689   (108 956)
                                                                                  276 963   (111 131)

Included in the above are fair value adjustments arising from commodity futures
used to hedge the metal price lag**                                               134 649   (178 291)

Whilst Hulamin's commodity risk management strategy is effective in mitigating the impact of metal price lag, this is considered
ineffective for the purposes of hedge accounting (refer note 12). Accordingly, these fair value movements over the period arising
from commodity futures have not been included in the hedge reserve (where the sale has not yet occurred) or in revenue (where the
sale has occurred) to match against the gross metal price lag included in gross profit.


4.   Taxation                                                                                                           
                                                                                                       2018      2017   
                                                                                                      R'000     R'000   
The tax charge included within these preliminary reviewed consolidated financial statements is:                         
Normal                                                                                               94 869    66 350   
Deferred                                                                                          (345 066)    50 688   
                                                                                                  (250 197)   117 038 
                                                                                                    
Normal rate of taxation                                                                             (28.0%)     28.0%   
Adjusted for:                                                                                                           
Exempt income, non-allowable and other items                                                           0.6%      0.7%   
Prior year under / (over) provision                                                                    0.2%    (0.9%)   
Net deferred tax asset not recognised                                                                  2.8%      0.0%   
Effective rate of taxation                                                                          (24.4%)     27.8%   


5.   Related party transactions and balances
     Balances and transactions between the company and its subsidiaries, which are related parties of the company, have been eliminated
     on consolidation and are not disclosed in this note. Details of transactions between the group and the company's pension fund are
     disclosed below:

                                                2018     2017   
                                               R'000    R'000   
Loan from pension fund                        79 635   72 736   
Interest cost incurred on pension fund loan    6 899    7 111   


6.   Earnings per share
     The weighted average number of shares used in the calculation of basic and diluted earnings per share, 
     headline earnings per share and normalised earnings per share is as follows:

                                                              Number     Number of
                                                           of shares        shares
                                                                2018          2017

Weighted average number of shares used for basic EPS     319 596 836   319 596 836
Share options                                              7 807 318    11 471 925

Weighted average number of shares used for diluted EPS   327 404 154   331 068 761

Headline earnings per share is calculated using the weighted average number of ordinary shares in issue during the year and is based
on the earnings attributable to ordinary shareholders, after excluding those items as required by Circular 4/2018 issued by the South
African Institute of Chartered Accountants (SAICA).

Normalised earnings per share is one of the measurement bases which the Hulamin Executive Committee uses in assessing
performance and in deciding how to allocate resources. Normalised earnings is defined as earnings excluding non-recurring items
and once-off adjustments. The impact of metal price lag has been removed from normalised earnings in order to enhance the
visibility of underlying earnings. The presentation of normalised earnings is not an IFRS requirement and may not be directly
comparable with the same or similar measures disclosed by other companies.

                                                                                                         Restated*
                                                                                                  2018        2017
                                                                                                 R'000       R'000
(a) Reconciliation of net (loss)/profit (used in calculating earnings per share)
    for the year to headline earnings
Net (loss)/profit for the year                                                               (773 411)     303 763
Adjustments                                                                                  1 065 611         807

- Reversal of impairment on associate                                                                -     (6 529)
- Loss on disposal of property, plant and equipment                                                231      10 188
Impairment of property, plant and equipment and intangibles                                  1 450 814           -
- Tax effect                                                                                 (385 434)     (2 852)

Headline earnings                                                                              292 200     304 570

                                                                                                  2018        2017
                                                                                                 R'000       R'000
(b) Reconciliation of headline earnings for the year to normalised earnings
Headlines earnings                                                                             292 200     304 570
Limitations of IAS39, 'Financial Instruments' resulting in a highly effective commodity risk
management programme not qualifying for hedge accounting                                      (43 863)      25 982
Timing mismatch: Insurance claim                                                                     -    (18 000)
Metal price lag                                                                                (2 525)   (107 677)

Normalised earnings                                                                            245 812     204 875

7.   Dividends per share
                                                                                                  2018        2017
                                                                                                 R'000       R'000
     Dividends per share declared:
     Final dividend: 18 cents on 319 596 836 ordinary shares (2017: 15 cents on 319 596 836)    57 527      47 940
     Final dividend: 18 cents on 4 721 600 A1 ordinary shares (2017: 15 cents on 4 721 600 A1
     ordinary shares)                                                                              850         708

     Total                                                                                      58 377      48 648

     The final dividend was declared subsequent to year end and therefore has not been provided for in the preliminary group
     financial statements.

8.   Commitments and contingent liabilities
                                                                                                  2018        2017
                                                                                                 R'000       R'000

     Capital expenditure contracted for but not yet incurred                                   174 882      42 527
     Operating lease commitments                                                                57 096      53 573


9.   Events after the reporting period
     No material events have occurred subsequent to the end of the reporting period to the date of approval of the preliminary reviewed
     results which may have an impact on the group's reported financial position at that date.

10. Financial assets and liabilities
    Financial assets and liabilities are initially measured at fair value adjusted for transaction costs. However, transaction costs in respect
    of financial assets and liabilities classified as fair value through profit or loss are expensed.

    Financial assets and liabilities classified as fair value through profit or loss are measured at fair value with gains or losses being
    recognised in profit or loss. Fair value, for this purpose, is market value if listed or a value arrived at by using appropriate valuation
    models if unlisted.

    Loans and receivables, which include trade receivables, are measured at amortised cost less impairment losses, which are recognised
    in the statement of profit or loss.

    The group assesses on a forward looking basis the expected credit losses associated with its debt instruments carried at amortised
    cost. The impairment methodology applied depends on whether there has been a significant increase in credit risk. For trade
    receivables, the group applies the simplified approach permitted by IFRS 9, which requires expected lifetime losses to be recognised
    from initial recognition of the receivables.

    Financial liabilities (excluding liabilities designated in a hedging relationship) that are not designated on initial recognition as
    financial liabilities at fair value through profit or loss are measured at amortised cost. These consist of trade and other payables and
    interest-bearing borrowings.

    The fair values of derivative assets and liabilities are calculated as the difference between the contracted value and the value to
    maturity at the statement of financial position date. The value to maturity of forward foreign exchange contracts is determined using
    quoted forward exchange rates at the statement of financial position date. The value to maturity of commodity futures is determined
    by reference to quoted prices at the statement of financial position date.

    IFRS 13 requires disclosure of fair value measurements by level using the following fair value measurement hierarchy:

    - Quoted prices (unadjusted) in active markets for identical assets or liabilities (level 1);
    - Inputs other than quoted prices included within level 1 that are observable for the asset or liability, either directly (that is, as
      prices) or indirectly (that is, derived from prices) (level 2);
    - Inputs for the asset or liability that are not based on observable market data (that is, unobservable inputs) (level 3).

    All fair values disclosed in these financial statements are recurring in nature and all derivative financial assets and liabilities are level
    2 in the valuation hierarchy (consistent with December 2017). Key inputs used in the determination of the fair value relate to London
    Metal Exchange aluminium prices and currency exchange rates.

11. Impairment of non-financial assets
    At each reporting date, the carrying amounts of the tangible and intangible assets are assessed to determine whether there is any
    indication that those assets may have suffered an impairment loss. If any such indication exists, the recoverable amount of the asset
    is estimated in order to determine the extent of the impairment loss. Where it is not possible to estimate the recoverable amount
    of an individual asset, the recoverable amount of the cash-generating unit to which the asset belongs is estimated. The recoverable
    amount is the higher of an asset's fair value less cost of disposal and value in use. Value in use is estimated based on discounted
    future cash flows expected to be derived from an asset or cash-generating unit (CGU).

    If the recoverable amount of an asset (or cash-generating unit) is estimated to be lower than its carrying amount, its carrying amount
    is reduced to the higher of its recoverable amount and zero. Impairment losses are recognised in the statement of profit or loss.
    Subsequent to the recognition of an impairment loss, the depreciation or amortisation charge for the asset is adjusted to allocate its
    remaining carrying value, less any residual value, over its remaining useful life.

    If an impairment loss subsequently reverses, the carrying amount of the asset (or cash-generating unit) is increased to the revised
    estimate of its recoverable amount but limited to the carrying amount that would have been determined had no impairment loss
    been recognised in prior years. A reversal of an impairment loss is recognised in the statement of profit or loss.

    (a) Impairment assessment
    The group's shares continued to trade on the Johannesburg Stock Exchange at a discount to underlying net asset value during the
    period under review. In the circumstances, and as required by IAS 36, management have assessed the recoverable amounts of the
    assets (or cash-generating units to which they belong) net of liabilities at the period end. The recoverable amount was determined
    to be the value in use. The assessment compared the estimated value in use based on forecast future cash flows to the carrying
    amount.

                                                                                 2018       2017   
                                                                                R'000      R'000   
The impairment charges recognised in the income statement are as follows:                          
Rolled Products cash generating unit (note b)                               1 376 319          -   
Extrusions cash generating unit (note c)                                       74 495          -   
Total impairment charge                                                     1 450 814          -  
 
Taxation                                                                    (385 369)          -   
Net impairment charge                                                       1 065 445          -   


(b) Rolled products cash generating unit
The carrying value of property, plant and equipment and intangible asset balances relating to the Rolled Products CGU exceeded the
recoverable amount by R1 376 million and a gross impairment charge was recognised which, after a reduction of R385 million in the
related deferred tax liability, decreased shareholder's equity by R991 million.

The key assumptions used in the value in use calculation are consistent with those used in the budget and the five year business
plan approved by the board of directors. Adjustments were made to the plan forecasts to ensure compliance with the value in use
methodology required by IAS 36. The group continues to forecast improving free cash flows in future periods and have not seen
material decrease in free cash flow forecasts from previous years. Key assumptions include:

- Sales volumes are forecast to grow to 236 000 tons over the period of the business plan.
- Rolling margins forecasts take into account anticipated changes in both market conditions and the product mix.

Currency exchange rates are based on the median of forecasts by major financial and other institutions to 2021 and with reference to
inflation differentials thereafter, with the ZAR: USD rate rising from an average of R14.27 in 2019 to R15.06 in 2023.

A pre-tax discount rate of 20.6% (post-tax 15.6%) was used in the calculation and this rate is materially higher from the pre-tax 15,0%
(post-tax 12,1%) used in 2017. The increase in the discount rate is due to:

a) Increases in the component elements of the discount rate, including the increase in the bond rate used to determine the risk free
rate, an increase in borrowing rates in line with bond rates, and lower debt to equity ratios in the industry.

b) The adoption of a 3% specific risk premium, which is a significant increase compared to the 1% premium used in 2017. This
heightened risk premium has been adopted as the CGU's future cash flows are impacted by increased uncertainty. This heightened
level of uncertainty in world markets in general, and in the global aluminium industry in particular, reflects the increasing
fragmentation of globalised trading patterns and increased geo-political uncertainty, as evidenced by increasing trade tensions and a
slow down in globalisation.

Sensitivity analysis
The determination of the value in use for Hulamin Rolled Products, and any resulting impairment, is particularly sensitive to:

- Rate of exchange: A R1,00 strengthening in the ZAR/USD rate for each year in the forecast period may result in an additional
                    impairment charge, before tax, of up to R1 433 million*.
- Discount rate:    A 1% increase in the pre-tax discount rate may result in an additional impairment charge, before tax,
                    of up to R282 million*.
- Rolling margins:  A reduction in average rolling margins of 5,0% for each year in the forecast period may result in an additional
                    impairment charge, before tax, of R1 364 million*.

* The recognition of additional impairment charges are subject to the limitation that individual assets in the CGU cannot be reduced to below each asset's
  recoverable amount.

(c) Extrusions cash generating unit
The Extrusions cash generating unit has experienced a difficult trading period in 2018 and while performance and cash flows are
forecast to improve in the future, the required turn around in performance has increased the uncertainty related to these cash flows.
The risk premium in respect of the valuation of these cash flows has accordingly been increased from 2% to 5%. The carrying value of
the assets was therefore found to exceed the recoverable amount by R121 million. The impairment charge was limited to R74 million
which represents the recoverable amount of individual assets. The value in use was estimated using a post tax discount rate of 17,1%
(pre tax 21,1%) and the fair value less cost of disposal was estimated using obsolescence factors between 85% and 1% depending on
the estimated remaining useful life of the asset.

Sensitivity analysis
The determination of the value in use for Hulamin Extrusions, and any resulting difference between the recoverable amount and the
carrying amount, is particularly sensitive to:
- Discount rate: A 1% increase in the pre-tax discount rate may result in an additional impairment charge, before tax,
                 of up to R15 million*.
- Earnings before tax: A 5% decrease in earnings before tax may in an additional impairment charge, before tax,
                       of up to R11 million*.

* The recognition of additional impairment charges are subject to the limitation that individual assets in the CGU cannot be reduced to below each asset's
  recoverable amount.

12. Restatement of financial statements
    During the current financial year management revisited the methodology applied in calculating the hedge effectiveness of derivative
    instruments designated as hedging items. The reassessment of the methodology used to determine prospective hedge effectiveness
    has resulted in management identifying that the expectation of prospective effectiveness of commodity hedges did not exist and
    therefore the requirements to hedge account commodity derivative instruments were not satisfied.

    Hulamin's commodity risk management strategy is effective in mitigating the impact of metal price lag. In order to apply hedge
    accounting to this programme, as envisaged in IAS 39, 'Financial Instruments', the group has historically designated the sale, and not
    the purchase of the inventory, as the hedged item. As the accounting standard does not allow the components of the hedged item to
    be hedged individually the group is required to consider the movement in the full invoice price from the time of the forecast sale (at
    the point the metal is purchased) to the completion of the sale and compare this to the underlying hedging instrument (which only
    relates to the commodity portion of the sale). On reassessment of the methodology applied to determine prospective effectiveness
    management considered the historic movements in the other components of the invoice price (rolling margins, geographic premiums
    and transport costs) and found that historically volatility in these other components caused ineffectiveness in individual hedges.

(a) Impact on the financial statements
The error has been corrected by restating each of the affected financial statement line items for the prior period, as follows:

                                                                                                    31 Dec 2017
                                                                        31 Dec 2017                    restated
                                                                      as originally     Increase/    before new
                                                                          presented    (decrease)     standards
                                                                              R'000         R'000         R'000

Statement of financial position (extract)
Hedge reserve                                                                11 530        28 469        39 999
Retained earnings                                                         2 696 590      (28 469)     2 668 120
Statement of profit or loss (extract)
Revenue                                                                  10 159 698       141 236    10 300 934
Other gains and losses                                                       92 326     (180 776)      (88 450)
Income tax expense                                                        (128 109)        11 071     (117 038)

Net profit for the year attributable to equity holders of the company       332 232      (28 469)       303 763
Statement of comprehensive income (extract)
Items that may be reclassified subsequently to profit or loss:              (3 976)        28 469        24 493

Cash flow hedges transferred to income statement                           (21 536)        45 501        23 965
Cash flow hedges created                                                     16 014       (5 961)        10 053
Income tax effect                                                             1 546      (11 071)       (9 525)

Basic and diluted earnings per share for the prior year have also been restated, resulting in a decrease of 9 cents and
8 cents respectively.

The amounts disclosed above for the 2017 reporting period, and for the statement of financial position as at 31 December 2017, are
before restatements for the change in accounting policy disclosed in note 13.

13. Change in accounting policy
    This note explains the impact of the adoption of IFRS 9 Financial Instruments and IFRS 15 Revenue from Contracts with Customers on
    the group's financial statements and also discloses the new accounting policies that have been applied from 1 January 2018, where
    they are different to those applied in prior periods.

    (a) Impact on the financial statements
    As a result of the changes in the entity's accounting policies, prior year financial statements had to be restated. As explained in note
    (b) below, IFRS 9 was generally adopted without restating comparative information in accordance with the transitional provisions.
    A retrospective adjustment is made in opening retained earnings on 1 January 2018. The reclassifications and the adjustments arising
    from the new impairment rules are therefore not reflected in the restated statement of financial position as at 31 December 2017,
    but are recognised in the opening statement of financial position on 1 January 2018.

    The following tables show the adjustments recognised for each individual line item. The line items that were not affected by the
    changes have not been included. As a result, the sub-totals and totals disclosed cannot be recalculated from the numbers provided.
    The adjustments are explained in more detail by standard below.

                                                 31 Dec 2017
                                            after correction        IFRS 15   31 Dec 2017       IFRS 9    1 January
                                                    of error     adjustment      Restated   adjustment         2018
Statement of financial position (extract)              R'000          R'000         R'000        R'000        R'000  

ASSETS                                                                                                                                                                               
Non-current assets                                                        -                                                                       
Deferred tax asset                                    21 152              -        21 152           57       21 209   

Total non-current assets                           3 536 943              -     3 536 943           57    3 537 000   

Current assets                                                                                                        
Trade and other receivables                        1 241 963        (4 867)     1 237 096          147    1 237 243   
Total current assets                               3 686 594        (4 867)     3 681 727          147    3 681 874   

Total assets                                       7 230 066        (4 867)     7 225 199          147    7 225 346   

EQUITY                                                                                                                
Retained earnings                                  2 668 121              -     2 668 121          147    2 668 268   
Total equity                                       4 648 677              -     4 648 677          147    4 648 824   

Liabilities                                                                                                           
Current liabilities                                                                                                   
Trade and other payables                           1 262 967        (4 867)     1 258 100            -    1 258 100   
Total current liabilities                          1 628 054        (4 867)     1 623 187            -    1 623 187   
Total liabilities                                  2 581 389        (4 867)     2 576 522            -    2 576 522   

Total equity and liabilities                       7 230 066        (4 867)     7 225 199          147    7 225 346   


                                                                          Audited results
                                                                            as previously                     Restated
                                                                          presented after         IFRS 15     December
Statement of profit or loss and other comprehensive income (extract)  correction of error     adjustments         2017
12 months to 31 December 2017                                                       R'000           R'000        R'000

Revenue from contracts with customers                                          10 300 934           2 597   10 303 531
Cost of sales of goods                                                        (9 115 128)               -  (9 115 128)
Cost of providing services                                                              -        (56 432)     (56 432)

Gross profit                                                                    1 185 806        (53 835)    1 131 971
Selling, marketing and distribution expenses                                    (450 277)          53 835    (396 442)

Operating profit                                                                  303 763               -      303 763

(b) IFRS 9 Financial Instruments - Impact of adoption
IFRS 9 replaces the provisions of IAS 39 that relate to the recognition, classification and measurement of financial assets and financial
liabilities, derecognition of financial instruments, impairment of financial assets and hedge accounting.

The adoption of IFRS 9 Financial Instruments from 1 January 2018 resulted in changes in accounting policies and adjustments to the
amounts recognised in the financial statements. The new accounting policies are set out in note ( c) below. In accordance with the
transitional provisions in IFRS 9(7.2.15) comparative figures have not been restated.

Management has elected to defer the implementation of the hedging component of IFRS 9 Financial Instruments and will
continue to account for hedges utilising IAS 39's hedging guidance until management has finalised its revised hedging strategy and
related documentation.

The total impact on the group's retained earnings as at 1 January 2018 is as follows:

                                                                                              R'000

Retained earnings 31 December 2017 - IAS 39                                               2 668 121
Decrease in provision for trade receivables and contract assets - net of tax      (i)           147

Opening retained earnings 1 January - IFRS 9 (before restatement for IFRS 15)             2 668 268


(i) Impairment of financial assets
The group has trade receivables for sales of inventory and from the provision of transport services that is subject to IFRS 9's new
expected credit loss model. The group was required to revise its impairment methodology under IFRS 9. The impact of the change in
impairment methodology on the group's retained earnings is disclosed in the table in note (b) above.

While cash and cash equivalents are also subject to the impairment requirements of IFRS 9, the identified impairment loss
was immaterial.

The group applies the IFRS 9 simplified approach to measuring expected credit losses which uses a lifetime expected loss allowance
method for all trade receivables. To measure the expected credit losses, trade receivables have been grouped based on shared
credit risk characteristics and the days past due. The group also covers all trade receivables through the Credit Guarantee Insurance
Company (CGIC) and cover subject to an excess and first loss aggregate. The CGIC cover is taken out at the inception of the sale and is
integral to the enactment of the sale. Therefore the CGIC cover is included in the calculation of the loss allowance.

                                                                                    More than
                                 Current   30 Days   60 Days   90 Days   120 Days    120 Days     Total
                                   R'000     R'000     R'000     R'000      R'000       R'000     R'000 
Export debtors: 1 January
2018                                                                                      
Expected loss rate (%)                0%        0%        0%        0%         0%          0%        0%   
Gross carrying amount            462 368   147 441    61 613    39 283     12 716       7 533   730 954   
Loss allowance                         -         -         -         -          -           -         -   

Local debtors: 1 January 2018                                                                             
Expected loss rate (%)              0.0%      0.4%      4.0%      7.0%       2.9%       21.7%      0.3%   
Gross carrying amount            351 006    62 017    12 448     2 235      5 736         858   434 300   
Loss allowance                        24       273       500       156        164         186     1 303   


The loss allowances for trade receivables as at 31 December 2017 reconcile to the opening loss allowances on 1 January 2018 as follows:

                                                                                     Allowance
                                                                                      on trade
                                                                                   receivables
                                                                                         R'000

At 31 December 2017 - calculated under IAS 39                                            1 507
Amounts restated through opening retained earnings                                       (204)

Opening loss allowance as at 1 January 2018 - calculated under IFRS 9                    1 303


The loss allowance increased by a further R4.0 million to R5.2 million during the 12-months to 31 December 2018. The increase
would have been R3.7 million lower had the incurred loss model of IAS 39 been applied.

Trade receivables are written off when there is no reasonable expectation of recovery. Indicators that there is no reasonable
expectation of recovery include, among others, the failure of a debtor to engage in a repayment plan with the group, and failure to
make contractual payments for a period of greater than 120 days past due.

(ii) Classification of financial instruments
On the date of initial application, 1 Janaury 2018, the financial instruments of the group were as follows, with any reclassificaitons
noted.

                                                   Measurement category             Carrying amount
                                                                          Original
                                                                     (Adjusted for
                                                                          IFRS 15)         New   Difference*
                                Original (IAS 39)   New (IFRS 9)             R'000       R'000         R'000   
Current financial assets                                                                                                              
Trade receivables               Amortised cost      Amortised cost       1 053 432   1 053 579           147   
Other receivables               Amortised cost      Amortised cost          26 036      26 036             -   
Cash and cash equivalents       Amortised cost      Amortised cost         111 472     111 472             -   
Derivatives                     Held for trading    FVPL                   143 767     143 767             -   

Non-current liabilities                                                                                        
Borrowings                      Amortised cost      Amortised cost         108 000     108 000             -   

Current financial liabilities                                                                                  
Trade payables                  Amortised cost      Amortised cost         921 663     921 663             -   
Other payables                  Amortised cost      Amortised cost         207 394     207 394             -   
Borrowings                      Amortised cost      Amortised cost         320 699     320 699             -   
Derivatives                     Held for trading    FVPL                    43 267      43 267             -   

* The difference noted in this column is the result of applying the expected credit loss model introduced by 
  the accounting standard, IFRS 9, 'Financial instruments'.

(c) IFRS 9 Financial Instruments - Accounting policies applied from 1 January 2018
(i) Classification
From 1 January 2018, the group classifies its financial assets in the following measurement categories:

- Those to be measured subsequently at fair value (derivative instruments not designated in a hedging relationship);
- Those to be measured at amortised cost (trade and other receivables, cash and cash equivalents, trade and other payables and
  borrowings); and
- Those instruments used for the purposes of hedging (derivative instruments designated in a hedging relationship).

The classification depends on the entity's business model for managing the financial assets and the contractual terms of the
cash flows.

For assets measured at fair value, gains and losses will be recorded in profit or loss. The group reclassifies debt investments when
and only when its business model for managing assets changes.

(ii) Measurement
With the exception of trade receivables that do not contain a significant financing component for which the group has applied the
practical expedient, the group initially measures a financial asset as its fair value, plus, in the case of a financial asset not at fair value
through profit or loss, transaction costs.

Financial assets with embedded derivatives are considered in their entirety when determining whether their cash flows are solely
payment of principal and interest.

Subsequent measurement of debt instruments depends on the group's business model for managing the asset and the cash flow
characteristics of the asset. There are two measurement categories into which the group classifies its debt instruments:

- Amortised cost: Assets that are held for collection of contractual cash flows where those cash flows represent solely payments of
  principal and interest are measured at amortised cost. Interest income from these financial assets is included in finance income
  using the effective interest rate method. Any gain or loss arising on derecognition is recognised directly in profit or loss and
  presented in other gains/(losses), together with foreign exchange gains and losses. Impairment losses are presented as a separate
  line in the statement of profit or loss.
- Fair value through profit or loss (FVPL): Assets that do not meet the criteria for amortised cost are measured at FVPL. A gain or
  loss on a debt investment that is subsequently measured at FVPL is recognised in profit or loss and presented net within other
  gains/(losses) in the period in which it arises.

(iii) Impairment
From 1 January 2018, the group assesses on a forward looking basis the expected credit losses associated with its debt instruments
carried at amortised cost. The impairment methodology applied depends on whether there has been a significant increase in
credit risk.

For trade receivables, the group applies the simplified approach permitted by IFRS 9, which requires expected lifetime losses to be
recognised from initial recognition of the receivables.

(d) IFRS 15 Revenue from contracts with customers - Impact of adoption
The group has adopted IFRS 15 Revenue from Contracts with Customers from 1 January 2018 which resulted in changes in accounting
policies and adjustments to the amounts recognised in the financial statements. In accordance with the transition provisions in
IFRS 15, the group has adopted the new rules retrospectively and has restated comparatives for the 2017 financial year. The adoption
of IFRS 15 Revenue from contracts with customers requires the group to identify individual performance obligations. The group
has determined that for certain export sales terms the group has two performance obligations, the sale of goods and the provision
of transportation services. The group does not charge a margin on transportation services and therefore no impact on previously
reported earnings before interest and tax is noted. In summary, the following adjustments were made to the amounts recognised in
the statement of financial position at the date of initial application (1 January 2018):

                                                                                Recognition of           Cut-off
                                                   IAS 18                      service revenue    adjustment for          IFRS 15
                                                 reported                           previously   transport still         carrying
                                              value after                          included at    in progress at     amount as at
                                               correction   Reclassification       31 December       31 December      31 December
                                                 of error         adjustment              2016              2017             2017
                                                    R'000              R'000             R'000             R'000            R'000

Statement of profit or loss and other
comprehensive income (extract)
12 months to 31 December 2017
Revenue from contracts with customers          10 300 934                  -             7 464           (4 867)       10 303 531
Cost of sales of goods                        (9 115 128)                  -                 -                 -      (9 115 128)
Cost of providing services                              -           (53 835)           (7 464)             4 867         (56 432)

Gross profit                                    1 185 806           (53 835)                 -                 -        1 131 971
Selling, marketing and distribution expenses    (450 277)             53 835                 -                 -        (396 442)

Net profit                                        303 763                  -                 -                 -          303 763


(e) IFRS 15 Revenue from contracts with customers - Accounting policies
(i) Sale of goods
Revenue from contracts with customers of the group comprises revenue from the sale of fabricated and semi-fabricated aluminium
products.

Sales are recognised when control of the products has transferred to the buyer. The delivery of products and the transfer of risks are
determined by the terms of sale, and specifically by the International Chamber of Commerce Terms of Trade, where applicable.

Products are often sold with retrospective volume discounts, rebates and early-settlement terms. Revenue from these sales is
recognised based on the price specified in the contract, net of the estimated volume discounts, rebates and early settlement
discounts. Accumulated experience is used to estimate and provide for the discounts, using the expected value method, and revenue
is only recognised to the extent that it is probable that a significant reversal will not occur. A refund liability (included in trade and
other payables) is recognised for expected volume discounts payable to customers in relation to sales made until the end of the
reporting period. No element of financing is deemed present as the sales are not made on extended credit terms.

A receivable is recognised when control passes as this is the point in time that the consideration is unconditional because only the
passage of time is required before the payment is due.

(ii) Transportation services
Certain International Chamber of Commerce Terms of Trade used include multiple deliverables such as the sale of goods and the
provision of transportation services. For some of these specific terms control of the goods sold passes before the transportation
service has been provided. The revenue is recognised based on the actual service provided to the end of the reporting period
as a proportion of the total service to be provided, because the customer receives and uses the benefit simultaneously. This is
determined based on the actual shipping days incurred relative to the standard time to ship to the specified destination. Where
revenue is earned on multiple performance obligations the transaction price is allocated to each performance obligation based on
the stand-alone selling prices.

(iii) Time value of money
The group does not have any contracts where the period between the transfer of the promised goods or services to the customer
and payment by the customer exceeds one year. As a consequence, the group has applied the practical expedient provided in
IFRS 15.63 and does not adjust any of the transaction prices for the time value of money.


Corporate information
Business and postal address
Moses Mabhida Road, Pietermaritzburg, 3201; PO Box 74, Pietermaritzburg, 3200

Contact details
Telephone: +27 33 395 6911
Facsimile: +27 33 394 6335
Website: http://www.hulamin.co.za
Email: hulamin@hulamin.co.za

Securities exchange listing
South Africa (Primary), JSE Limited

Transfer Secretaries
Computershare Investor Services (Pty) Ltd,
Rosebank Towers, 15 Biermann Avenue, Rosebank, 2196

Directorate
Non-executive directors:
TP Leeuw* (Chairman), CA Boles*, VN Khumalo, RL Larson*, N Maharajh*, NNA Matyumza*, Dr B Mehlomakulu*, SP
Ngwenya, PH Staude*, GHM Watson*, GC Zondi#
*Independent non-executive director
# Alternate non-executive director
Executive directors:
RG Jacob (Chief Executive Officer)
AP Krull (Chief Financial Officer)
MZ Mkhize (Managing director: Hulamin Rolled Products)

Company Secretary
W Fitchat

Sponsor
Questco Corporate Advisory Proprietary Limited
1st Floor, Yellowwood House, Ballywoods Office Park, 33 Ballyclare Drive, Bryanston, 2191

Release date: 19 March 2019

http://www.hulamin.co.za



Date: 19/03/2019 07:05:00 Produced by the JSE SENS Department. The SENS service is an information dissemination service administered by the JSE Limited ('JSE'). 
The JSE does not, whether expressly, tacitly or implicitly, represent, warrant or in any way guarantee the truth, accuracy or completeness of
 the information published on SENS. The JSE, their officers, employees and agents accept no liability for (or in respect of) any direct, 
indirect, incidental or consequential loss or damage of any kind or nature, howsoever arising, from the use of SENS or the use of, or reliance on,
 information disseminated through SENS.

Email this JSE Sens Item to a Friend.

Share This Story