What we know about Boeing 737 MAX crash and what comes next

(Adds details on investigation)
March 19 (Reuters) - More than 300 Boeing 737 MAX 8 and MAX
9 passenger jets around the world have been taken out of service
following two fatal crashes over the past five months in
Ethiopia and Indonesia that killed almost 350 people in all.

The causes of both crashes are under investigation. One of
the biggest unanswered questions: Was the plane's software to
blame?

WHAT WE KNOW
- Europe and Canada said on Tuesday they will independently
certify the safety of the jets, further complicating plans to
get the aircraft flying worldwide.
- The investigation turned on Tuesday to the Ethiopian
flight's cockpit voice recorder, as the words of the pilot and
first officer could reveal what led to the crash.
- Boeing Co has stopped delivery of all new MAX jets
to its customers. Stock losses have wiped around $29 billion off
the company's market value.
- Boeing maintains its new, fuel-efficient jets are safe,
but supported the U.S. Federal Aviation Administration (FAA)
decision to ground them.
- Investigators have found strong similarities in the 'angle
of attack' data recorded by the Ethiopian Airlines flight
cockpit recorder and data from the Lion Air jet, a person
familiar with the matter said.
- Investigators who verified data extracted from the black
box recorders of the Ethiopian plane have found "clear
similarities" with the doomed Lion Air flight, the French BEA
air accident authority also said.
- Investigators have found a piece of a stabilizer in the
wreckage of the Ethiopian jet with the trim set in an unusual
position similar to that of the Lion Air plane, two sources
familiar with the matter said.
- The pilot of the Ethiopian flight had reported internal
control problems and received permission to return. The pilot of
the Lion Air flight, which crashed on Oct. 29 with the loss of
all 189 people on board, had also asked to return not long after
taking off from Jakarta.
- Indonesia plans to release the report on the Lion Air
crash between July and August, ahead of its previous schedule of
between August and September.

WHAT'S NEXT?
- U.S. lawmakers said the planes could be grounded for weeks
to upgrade and install the software in every plane. Other
countries may ground the planes even longer.
- Boeing plans to release upgraded software for its 737 MAX
in a week to 10 days, sources familiar with the matter said on
March 16.
- The U.S. Transportation Department's inspector general
plans to audit the FAA's certification of the jet, an official
with the office said on Tuesday. The office can recommend
changes or improvements to how the FAA operates.
- The U.S. Justice Department is also looking at the Federal
Aviation Administration's (FAA) oversight of Boeing, one of the
people said. The FAA has said it is "absolutely" confident in
its vetting.
- No lawsuits have been filed since the crash of Ethiopian
Airlines Flight 302, but some plaintiffs' lawyers said they
expect that Boeing will be sued in the United States.

- Ethiopian Airlines said on March 16 that DNA testing of
the remains of the passengers may take up to six months.

- Lawmakers and safety experts are questioning how
thoroughly regulators vetted the MAX model and how well pilots
were trained on new features.



(Compiled by Ben Klayman, Sayantani Ghosh, Mark Potter and
Keith Weir; Editing by Lisa Shumaker)


First Published: 2019-03-19 13:13:42
Updated 2019-03-19 22:03:18


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