By Fanny Potkin
LONDON, March 17 (Reuters) - Indonesian banks will see "more
than 12 percent" loan growth in 2018 thanks to a recovering
global economy and a pickup in commodity prices, the country's
financial regulator said.
Wimboh Santoso, head of Indonesia’s Financial Services
Authority (OJK), said he was confident the sluggish bank lending
that has hobbled Southeast Asia’s biggest economy was coming to
Loan growth in Indonesia has fallen below 10 percent since
the start of 2016, compared with more than 20 percent during the
commodity boom years before that.
Bank loan penetration in Indonesia, where only one in three
adults have bank accounts, was around 34 percent of GDP in 2015,
among the lowest of Asia Pacific countries according to the IMF.
As a result, the country's fintech firms, which offer loans
of as little as a few hundred dollars, have seen a spike in
lending, leading to the emergence of peer-to-peer (P2P) lending
Santoso said new rules to regulate the financial technology
sector would be "coming very soon", where companies will have to
clearly designate who is responsible to the customers.
"Under the incoming customer protection laws, we will ask
(fintech companies) for accountability and price transparency, "
he told Reuters in an interview on Friday.
Reuters reported on Tuesday that OJK was considering setting
a cap on interest rates and the size of loans offered by fintech
firms, in a move aimed at minimizing the risk of defaults.
More than 300,000 people have borrowed from these firms,
with total loan distribution reaching 3 trillion rupiah ($218
million) as of January, versus 247 billion in December 2016,
according to data from OJK.
There are 36 registered fintech firms operating in
Indonesia, and 42 others are in the process of being approved,
according to OJK.
"If the number of companies becomes huge, we are thinking we
will have a self regulatory organization," Santoso said, adding
that he was discussing the issue with counterparts across Asia.
He was in London to promote foreign investment, which he
described as crucial to solving Indonesia's massive funding
shortfall and as a way to encourage consolidation among the
country's more than 100 banks.
"A lot of foreign banks are interested in coming to
Indonesia," Santoso said. "The more are interested to come, the
more opportunities investors bring in. We will let them come,
but only if they stay permanently in Indonesia."
He said he was still considering a deal that would see
Japan’s Mitsubishi UFJ Financial Group (MUFG) take control of PT
Bank Danamon Indonesia (BDMN.JK), the country's fifth-largest
"We've asked them to submit a more detailed medium to
long-term business plan," he said.
If successful, the transaction may mark the biggest
acquisition of an Indonesian firm on record and would be a rare
major deal by an overseas lender in Indonesia’s banking sector
after caps on foreign ownership were introduced in 2012.
(Reporting by Fanny Potkin
Editing by Hugh Lawson)
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